Wheat Research

How many varieties have been developed by PARC, and which are the varieties recommended for general cultivation?

Ans. PARC has its contribution in the development of wheat varieties viz. Saryab-92, Kohsar-95, Margalla-99 and Wafaq-01. In addition 100 wheat and barley varieties have been developed for different ecological conditions through PARC National Uniform Testing System. Following varieties are recommended for different areas of Pakistan.

Irrigated: Uqab-2000, Bhakhar-2002, Inquilab-91, Seher-06, Shafaq-06, Fareed-06, Manthar-03, Pasban-90
Rainfed: Wafaq-2001, GA-2002

Mehran-89, Imdad-05, TD-1, SKD-1, Bhittai-04, Marvi-02, Momal-02, TJ-83, Sassi-06, Khiramn-06, Sarsabz-86

Irrigated: Saleem-2000, Naseer-2000, Fakhar-e-Sarhad, Chaznawi-98
Rainfed: Tatara-98, Daman-98, Zam-2004, Pirsabak-2005

Irrigated: Zarghoon-79, Zarlashta-99, Raskoh-05, Zamindar-80
Rainfed: Sariab-92

Which are the recommended fertilizers and their dose per acre?
Ans. Fertilizer doses for wheat crop in irrigated and rainfed areas are as under:

Irrigated Areas  

Soil Fertility Status

At Planting

At First or Second Irrigation

Average Fertility soil

1.5 bags of DAP + 0.5 bag of Urea + 1 bag of Potassium Sulphate

0.75 bag urea

Fertile soil

1.0 bags of DAP + 0.5 bag of Urea + 1 bag of Potassium Sulphate

0.5 bag urea

Low Fertility soil

2.0 bags of DAP + 0.5 bag of Urea + 1 bag of Potassium Sulphate

1.0 bag urea

Rainfed Areas

Soil Fertility Status

At Planting

Low rainfall area (Annual rainfall = 350 mm)

1.0 bag of DAP + 0.75 bag of Urea + 1 bag of Potassium Sulphate

Medium rainfall area (Annual rainfall = 350-550 mm)

1.0 bag of DAP + 1.25 bag of Urea + 1 bag of Potassium Sulphate

Low rainfall area (Annual rainfall > 500 mm)

1.5 bag of DAP + 1.5 bag of Urea + 1 bag of Potassium Sulphate

What are the sources of seed availability?
Ans. Seed of Saryab-92 is available at ARI, Quetta, whereas seed of Wafaq-01 is available at NARC, Islamabad.

What are the major diseases and how these can be controlled?
Ans. Wheat is attacked by diseases like rusts, smut and bunts; mainly. To escape from these diseases, only recommended and disease resistant varieties may be planted.

What are the major recommendations for farmers to improve wheat production/ productivity?

  1.  Sowing of wheat before November 20 with seed drill
  2.  Use good quality seed of disease resistant and recommended varieties only
  3.  Use fertilizer according to requirement of crop
  4.  No water shortage at tillering, booting and grain filling stages
  5.  Timely control /removal of weeds from wheat fields

Courtesy Parc.gov.pk

Muhammad Ramzan Rafique
Muhammad Ramzan Rafique

I am from a small town Chichawatni, Sahiwal, Punjab , Pakistan, studied from University of Agriculture Faisalabad, on my mission to explore world I am in Denmark these days..

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