How many varieties have been developed by PARC, and which are the varieties recommended for general cultivation?
Ans. PARC has its contribution in the development of wheat varieties viz. Saryab-92, Kohsar-95, Margalla-99 and Wafaq-01. In addition 100 wheat and barley varieties have been developed for different ecological conditions through PARC National Uniform Testing System. Following varieties are recommended for different areas of Pakistan.
Irrigated: Uqab-2000, Bhakhar-2002, Inquilab-91, Seher-06, Shafaq-06, Fareed-06, Manthar-03, Pasban-90
Rainfed: Wafaq-2001, GA-2002
Mehran-89, Imdad-05, TD-1, SKD-1, Bhittai-04, Marvi-02, Momal-02, TJ-83, Sassi-06, Khiramn-06, Sarsabz-86
Irrigated: Saleem-2000, Naseer-2000, Fakhar-e-Sarhad, Chaznawi-98
Rainfed: Tatara-98, Daman-98, Zam-2004, Pirsabak-2005
Irrigated: Zarghoon-79, Zarlashta-99, Raskoh-05, Zamindar-80
Which are the recommended fertilizers and their dose per acre?
Ans. Fertilizer doses for wheat crop in irrigated and rainfed areas are as under:
What are the sources of seed availability?
Ans. Seed of Saryab-92 is available at ARI, Quetta, whereas seed of Wafaq-01 is available at NARC, Islamabad.
What are the major diseases and how these can be controlled?
Ans. Wheat is attacked by diseases like rusts, smut and bunts; mainly. To escape from these diseases, only recommended and disease resistant varieties may be planted.
What are the major recommendations for farmers to improve wheat production/ productivity?
- Sowing of wheat before November 20 with seed drill
- Use good quality seed of disease resistant and recommended varieties only
- Use fertilizer according to requirement of crop
- No water shortage at tillering, booting and grain filling stages
- Timely control /removal of weeds from wheat fields