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Agri Engineering

 Water Conservation in the Pakistan

            Nature is very kind to every living organism. It bestows a lot of things to all living beings.  Different kind of foods, vegetables, fruits, meat, milk and milk products etc. given to all. But among all these are the most precious and essential is …

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Every drop counts for crop production

Every living organism requires water for its sustainable development and survival. Unfortunately, day to day water is escalating down to scarcity. Presently, Pakistan is rated amongst the water stress countries where per capita water availability is less than 1600m3 per annum, but by the year 2035 water availability should be …

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Performance study of Different Direct Solar Dryers

Performance study of Different Direct Solar Dryers written by . Syed Mudabbar  Hussain Shah, The Author is final year student of B.Sc (Hons.) in Food Engineering Department of Food Engineering University of Agriculture, Faisalabad.   In a direct solar dryer, the moisture of the product to be dried is taken away by the direct …

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Tractor industry’s cyclic growth

AFTER experiencing an overall drop of 12pc in its tractor sales to 12,416 units in 2014 because of a tough economic environment, plummeting commodity prices, floods and political agitation in the country, the Al-Ghazi Tractors Ltd witnessed an upturn in its sales during the first half of this year. According …

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Methods of Plane Tabling

1. Radiation: In this position the point is located on plane by drawing a ray from the plane table station to the point, and plotting scale along the ray the distance is measured from the station to the point. The method is suitable for the survey of the small areas …

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Computation of Area

One of the primary objects of land surveying is to determine the area of the land surveyed. Areas may be determined by: 1. computation from field notes: It can be done by two ways. Calculation of the area of the skeleton of the survey and Calculation of the area enclosed …

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Introduction to Levelling

Leveling may be the art of determining the relative heights or elevations of points are objects on the earth’s surface. It deals with measurements in a vertical plane. Definitions of terms used in Leveling: A level surface: It is any surface parallel to the mean spheroidal surface of the earth …

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Dumpy Level

The dummy level is simple compact and stable. Dummy level is the most commonly used level. It is cheaper, and easier to maintain in adjustment. Part of the dummy level Leveling head Telescope Eyepiece Diaphragm Focusing screw Ray shade Level tubes Level tube rule Cross bubble tube Setting the Level: …

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