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GENOME EDITING TECHNIQUE: CRISPR-CAS9:

                     GENOME EDITING TECHNIQUE: CRISPR-CAS9: Sonia Zulfiqar1, Mahnoor Jamil1, Rahil Shahzad2, Shakra Jamil2, Muhammad Zaffar Iqbal2 Centre of Agricultural Biochemistry and Biotechnology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad. Agricultural Biotechnology Research Institute, AARI, Faisalabad.   CRISPR-CAS:  “Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats” (CRISPR) are repeated DNA sequences of the prokaryotes. . These …

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The dirt on soil

The dirt on soil The ground beneath our feet plays a role in everything from food to floods By: ALISON PEARCE STEVENS OCT 16, 2015 — 7:15 AM EST This dirt contains a healthy mix of minerals, water, plant debris, microbes and other organisms. Most people ignore dirt, but it’s …

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Global warming

bushragul42@gmail.com Global warming: Definition: a gradual increase in the overall temperature of the earth’s atmosphere generally attributed to the greenhouse effect caused by increased levels of carbon dioxide, CFCs, and other pollutants.  causes : Global warming occurs when carbon dioxide (CO2) and other air pollutants and greenhouse gasses collect in …

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soil organic material

Bushragull42@gmail.com soil organic material Soil organic matter (SOM) is the organic matter component of soil, consisting of plant and animal residues at various stages of decomposition, cells and tissues of soil organisms, and substances synthesized by soil organisms. 3 main components of organic matter in soil: There are 3 main components of organic matter in soils dead …

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How GMOs can be harmful for health?

How GMOs can be harmful for health? Man has introduced GMOs (Genetically Modified Organisms) by modifying genetic of plants and animals. First GMOs was E. coli bacteria, appears in market in 1994 for the production of insulin. Its production was possible by genetic engineering. GMOs are also called transgenic organisms. …

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