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Safflower




Safflower is xerophytic in nature and is bestowed with unique features of salt and drought tolerance. In Pakistan, it is grown only in Sindh and Baluchistan. In 2008-09, its national average yield was 890 kg/ha. Safflower seed contains 25-37% oil. Its oil is of drying type with iodine number upto 149 and contains little linolenic acid and high percentage of oleic acid and linoleic acids.  

 

Safflower is xerophytic in nature and is bestowed with unique features of salt and drought tolerance. In Pakistan, it is grown only in Sindh and Baluchistan. In 2008-09, its national average yield was 890 kg/ha. Safflower seed contains 25-37% oil. Its oil is of drying type with iodine number upto 149 and contains little linolenic acid and high percentage of oleic acid and linoleic acids. Safflower oil is human health friendly and can be blended with other edible oil or can also be used directly for edible purpose. Keeping the importance of this oilseed crop, the following experiments were conducted for the genetic improvement and breeding high yielding and spineless varieties.

Province wise area, production and yield of safflower

Year 

Punjab 

Sindh 

NWFP 

Balochistan 

Pakistan 

(Area in hectares) 

2000-01 

 

49 

 

12

61

2001-02

45

11

56

2002-03

51

10

61

2003-04

61

9

70

2004-05

48

48

2005-06

47

47

2006-07

58

58

2007-08

66

66

2008-09

73

73

(Production in tonnes)

2000-01

36

8

44

2001-02

34

7

41

2002-03

41

6

47

2003-04

43

6

49

2004-05

35

35

2005-06

38

38

2006-07

49

49

2007-08

60

60

2008-09

65

65

(Yield kgs per hectare)

2000-01

735

667

721

2001-02

756

636

732

2002-03

804

600

770

2003-04

705

667

700

2004-05

729

729

2005-06

809

809

2006-07

845

845

2007-08

909

909

2008-09

890

890

Source:  Agric. Statistics of Pakistan, 2008-09



 

PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY

Soil:                                                        Light and heavy mera soil with good drainage

Seed bed preparation:                           2-3 ploughings with planking.

Planting Time:

Irrigated area:                                          20 October to 20 November

Rainfed area:                                           15 October to 15 November

Seed rate (drill):

Irrigated area:                                           8 kg/acre  or  20 kg/ha

Barani area:                                              7 kg/acre  or  18 kg/ha

Method of Planting:                              With hand drill in lines

Rows Spacing:                                         45 cm

Plants Spacing:                                        10-15 cm

Fertilizer:                                               Irrigated areas: One bag urea + one bag DAP 

                                                               (½ urea at first irrigation)

Barani areas:                                           One bag urea + one bag DAP

                                                              (All at bed preparation)

Irrigations:                                            2-3  (first irrigation, 1½ to 2 month after sowing)

                                                              (Second irrigation at flowering)

Weed control:                                      Weeding with Tarphali or rotary hoe after first  irrigation

                                                          Weeding with Tarphali or rotary hoe after Second irrigation

Harvesting and Threshing:            When 90-95% capsules mature and leaves colour becomes brownish harvest the crop.

Storage:                                          Store at about 8 to 10 percent moisture contents

 

Key Reference : parc.gov.pk 

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