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Safflower




  • Safflower is xerophytic in nature and is bestowed with unique features of salt and drought tolerance. In Pakistan, it is grown only in Sindh and Baluchistan. In 2008-09, its national average yield was 890 kg/ha. Safflower seed contains 25-37% oil. Its oil is of drying type with iodine number upto 149 and contains little linolenic acid and high percentage of oleic acid and linoleic acids.  

     

    Safflower is xerophytic in nature and is bestowed with unique features of salt and drought tolerance. In Pakistan, it is grown only in Sindh and Baluchistan. In 2008-09, its national average yield was 890 kg/ha. Safflower seed contains 25-37% oil. Its oil is of drying type with iodine number upto 149 and contains little linolenic acid and high percentage of oleic acid and linoleic acids. Safflower oil is human health friendly and can be blended with other edible oil or can also be used directly for edible purpose. Keeping the importance of this oilseed crop, the following experiments were conducted for the genetic improvement and breeding high yielding and spineless varieties.

    Province wise area, production and yield of safflower

    Year 

    Punjab 

    Sindh 

    NWFP 

    Balochistan 

    Pakistan 

    (Area in hectares) 

    2000-01 

     

    49 

     

    12

    61

    2001-02

    45

    11

    56

    2002-03

    51

    10

    61

    2003-04

    61

    9

    70

    2004-05

    48

    48

    2005-06

    47

    47

    2006-07

    58

    58

    2007-08

    66

    66

    2008-09

    73

    73

    (Production in tonnes)

    2000-01

    36

    8

    44

    2001-02

    34

    7

    41

    2002-03

    41

    6

    47

    2003-04

    43

    6

    49

    2004-05

    35

    35

    2005-06

    38

    38

    2006-07

    49

    49

    2007-08

    60

    60

    2008-09

    65

    65

    (Yield kgs per hectare)

    2000-01

    735

    667

    721

    2001-02

    756

    636

    732

    2002-03

    804

    600

    770

    2003-04

    705

    667

    700

    2004-05

    729

    729

    2005-06

    809

    809

    2006-07

    845

    845

    2007-08

    909

    909

    2008-09

    890

    890

    Source:  Agric. Statistics of Pakistan, 2008-09



     

    PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY

    Soil:                                                        Light and heavy mera soil with good drainage

    Seed bed preparation:                           2-3 ploughings with planking.

    Planting Time:

    Irrigated area:                                          20 October to 20 November

    Rainfed area:                                           15 October to 15 November

    Seed rate (drill):

    Irrigated area:                                           8 kg/acre  or  20 kg/ha

    Barani area:                                              7 kg/acre  or  18 kg/ha

    Method of Planting:                              With hand drill in lines

    Rows Spacing:                                         45 cm

    Plants Spacing:                                        10-15 cm

    Fertilizer:                                               Irrigated areas: One bag urea + one bag DAP 

                                                                   (½ urea at first irrigation)

    Barani areas:                                           One bag urea + one bag DAP

                                                                  (All at bed preparation)

    Irrigations:                                            2-3  (first irrigation, 1½ to 2 month after sowing)

                                                                  (Second irrigation at flowering)

    Weed control:                                      Weeding with Tarphali or rotary hoe after first  irrigation

                                                              Weeding with Tarphali or rotary hoe after Second irrigation

    Harvesting and Threshing:            When 90-95% capsules mature and leaves colour becomes brownish harvest the crop.

    Storage:                                          Store at about 8 to 10 percent moisture contents

     

    Key Reference : parc.gov.pk 

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