Sugar Cane


Technical name            Saccharum officinarum

Varities                        Cp-77400, SP-234, BF-162, HSF-240,   

                                   CPF-237, BL-19, BL-, SPSG-26.

 

 

Sugar Cane


Technical name            Saccharum officinarum

Varities                        Cp-77400, SP-234, BF-162, HSF-240,   

                                   CPF-237, BL-19, BL-, SPSG-26.

Seed Rate                     Thin:100 monds/acre

                                    Thick:120 monds/ acre

Sowing Time                 Autumn Sowing (Sept)

                                    Spring Sowing (MidFeb-Mid Mar)         

Harvesting Time            Autumn Sowing (Feb. march)

                                    Spring sowing (Nov. December)

 

Sugar beet

 

Technical name                   Beta vulgaris

Varities                               Kawe Mira, Kawe Terma, Hellis Hong, Kawe Cora

Seed Rate                           5-6 kg/ acre                                             

Sowing Time                      Sept-October                    

Harvesting Time                 Mid May- Mid JuneAutumn Sowing

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PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY OF DIFFERENT CROPS

 

Sugar Cane

 

Technical name                   Saccharum officinarum

Varities                               Cp-77400, SP-234, BF-162, HSF-240,   

                                                                 CPF-237, BL-19, BL-, SPSG-26.

Seed Rate                           Thin:                                   100 monds/acre

                                            Thick:                                  120 monds/ acre

Sowing Time                      Autumn Sowing (Sept)

                                                                 Spring Sowing (MidFeb-Mid Mar)         

Harvesting Time                 Autumn Sowing (Feb. march)

                                                                 Spring sowing (Nov. December)

 

Sugar beet

 

Technical name                   Beta vulgaris

Varities                               Kawe Mira, Kawe Terma, Hellis Hong,

                                                                  Kawe Cora                                             

Seed Rate                           5-6 kg/ acre                                             

Sowing Time                      Sept-October                    

Harvesting Time                 Mid May- Mid JuneAutumn Sowing

 

CEREAL CROPS

Wheat

 

Technical name                   Triticum aestivum L.

Varities                               Inquilab-91, Uqab-2000, Iqbal-2000,     

                                                                 MH-97, Chakwal-86.                              

Seed Rate                           40-50 kg/ acre                                          

Sowing Time                      Nov-15 Nov(Best time) but may upto 15                                                                  December.    

Harvesting Time                 Mid April.

Rice

 

Technical name                   Oryza sativa L.

Varities                               Coarse Varities: IRRI-6, KS-282,IRRI-9

Fine Varities   : Super Basmati, Basmati-

2000, Basmati-385                                                               

Seed Rate                           7-8 kg/ acre                                              

Sowing Time                      Coarse Rice:                       20 May-7June                    

                                                                 Fine Rice:                           June-15June

Harvesting Time                 Novemeber

 

Barley

 

Technical name                   Hordeum Vulgare

Varities                               T4, T5, Jow-83.                                                             

Seed Rate                           30-35 kg/ acre                                          

Sowing Time                      Mid October- November   

Harvesting Time                 Mid March-April

 

Oat

 

Technical name                   Avena sativa

Varities                               Algerian, Agati-2, Palestinian.                

Seed Rate                           35-40 kg/ acre                                          

Sowing Time                      Mid October- December   

Harvesting Time                 April –May.

 

Maize

 

Technical name                   Zea mays

Varities                               Synthetic Varities: Neelam, Sadaf,

                                                                 Akbar, Golden, Sultan.

                                                                 Hybrid Varities: YHD-444, YHD-555 

Seed Rate                           12-15 kg/ acre                                          

Sowing Time                      Spring(Feb-Mar)

                                                                 Autumn(July-August)       

Harvesting Time                 When top sheath become brown.

 

Sorghum

 

Technical name                   Sorghum bicolor

Varities                               JS-100, JS-263, DG-Pearl.             Seed Rate                                     8-10kg/ acre                                                          

Sowing Time                      March- July  

Harvesting Time                 November.

 

Bajra

 

Technical name                   Pennisetum glaucum.

Varities                               18-BY, Y-84. 

Seed Rate                           1.5-2 kg/ acre                                           

Sowing Time                      15 July-15August.             

Harvesting Time                 1st Nov- 15 Nov.

 

OIL SEED CROPS

 

Rapeseed

 

Technical name                   Brassica campestris.

Varities                               Toria, Sarson, DGL.                                

Seed Rate                           1.5-2 kg/ acre                                           

Sowing Time                      October-November            

Harvesting Time                 When 60% pods are brown.

 

 

 

Mustard

 

Technical name                   Brassica juncea

Brassica carinata.

Varities                               B-Carinata, LL-84, Taramira, Taramira-                                              AB.                                    

Seed Rate                           1.5-2 kg/ acre                                           

Sowing Time                      October-November            

Harvesting Time                 When 60% pods are brown.

 

Groundnut

 

Technical name                   Arachis hypogaea.

Varities                               Star-2, Banki,NO-45.                              

Seed Rate                           Erect:                                  25-30 kg/ acre                                                                 Spreading:     20-25 kg/ acre

Sowing Time                      Punjab:          Mid Feb-April

                                                                 Sindh:                                 May              

Harvesting Time                 When pods become brown.

 

Sunflower

 

Technical name                   Helianthus annus.

Varities                               SF-187, Hysun-33, Hysun-37, SF-177                                                SH-3322.                           

Seed Rate                           2.5-3 kg/ acre                                           

Sowing Time                      Spring(15 Jan-20Feb)

                                                                 Autumn(Early Aug-Mid Sept)                

Harvesting Time                 Spring(May-June)

Autumn(Last Week of Nov).

 

 

 

Sesamum

 

Technical name                   Sesamum indicum L.

Varities                               S-17, Punjab, Till-90, T-5.                       

Seed Rate                           1 kg/ acre                                                 

Sowing Time                      Last Week of June- Mid July.

Harvesting Time                 November-December.

 

Castorbean

 

Technical name                   Ricinus communis.

Varities                               DS-30(Sindh), C-3(Punjab).                                         

Seed Rate                           5-6 kg/ acre                                              

Sowing Time                      July-August 

Harvesting Time                 After 100-110 days of sowing.

 

Linseed

 

Technical name                   Linium ustitatissimum.

Varities                               L-1, NO-5, Chandni.                               

Seed Rate                           6-8 kg/ acre                                              

Sowing Time                      Mid Oct-Mid Nov.            

Harvesting Time                 Last Week of April.

 

Soyabean

Technical name                   Glycine max.

Varities                               Hampton-266-A, Davis, William,

                                                                 Bragg.                                

Seed Rate                           28-32 kg/ acre                                          

Sowing Time                      Spring:                                Mid Feb-Mid Mar

                                                                 Autumn:        July-August 

Harvesting Time                 Spring:                                June

Autumn:               November.

 

Safflower

 

Technical name                   Cathamus tinctorius.

Varities                               Thori-78, US-10, S-208, Gila.                 

Seed Rate                           8-10 kg/ acre                                            

Sowing Time                      Late Oct- End Nov.          

Harvesting Time                 Late May-June.

 

PULSES OR GRAIN LEGUMES

 

Gram or Chick pea

 

Technical name                   Cicer arietinum.

Varities                               CM-72,C-77, PJ-91, Noor-91, Pb-1.       

Seed Rate                           20-25 kg/ acre                                          

Sowing Time                       Irrigated Areas:                  Early Oct-Nov.                                                              Barani Areas:                                 October

Harvesting Time                 Last Wek of March to 1st Week of April.

 

Lentil or Masoor

 

Technical name                   Lens culinaris.

Varities                               Masoor-85, Masoor-93,No-10.

Seed Rate                           8-10 kg/ acre                                            

Sowing Time                       Irrigated Areas:                  Oct-MidNov.                                                                                      Barani Areas:                                            15 Sept-15 Oct.

Harvesting Time                 Last Week of March to 1st Week of April

 

Mashbean

 

Technical name                   Vigna mungo.

Varities                               Mash-48, Mash-80, Mash-88.                 

Seed Rate                           8-10 kg/ acre                                            

Sowing Time                      Mid June – End of July.

Harvesting Time                 Early October.

 

Mungbean

 

Technical name                   Vigna radiata.

Varities                               No-6601, NM-19-19, NM-54, NM-20-                                               21.                

Seed Rate                           8-10 kg/ acre                                            

Sowing Time                      Spring:                                Mid Feb- March.

                                                                 Autumn:        Mid June- End of July.

Harvesting Time                 Early October.

 

Cowpea

 

Technical name                   Vigna sinesis.

Varities                               FOS-1, FOS-7, FOS-40.   

Seed Rate                           8-10 kg/ acre                                            

Sowing Time                      June – July.

Harvesting Time                 Early November.

 

GREEN MANURE CROPS

Guara

 

Technical name                   Cyanopsis tetragonoloba.  

Seed Rate                           Green manure:                                          8-10 kg/ acre

                                                                 Fodder:                               12-13 kg/acre              

Sowing Time                      April-July.

Harvesting Time                 Burrying 45-60 days after sowing.

 

 

 

Senji

 

Technical name                   Melilotus perviflora.           

Seed Rate                           12-13 kg/acre               

Sowing Time                      October-November.

Harvesting Time                 February.

 

Arhar

 

Technical name                   Cajanus cajan.                   

Seed Rate                           10 kg/acre              

Sowing Time                      May-June

Harvesting Time                 Sept-October.

 

Jantar / Dhaincha

 

Technical name                   Sesbania aculeata.             

Seed Rate                           20 kg/acre              

Sowing Time                      March-July.

Harvesting Time                 June- July.

 

Sunhemp

 

Technical name                   Crotalavia juncea.             

Seed Rate                           20 kg/acre              

Sowing Time                      July.

Harvesting Time                 Sept.

 

 

 

 

 

 

FODDER CROPS

 

Lucern

 

Technical name                   Medicago sativa.

Varities                               Type-8, Type-9, Synthetic-79.                

Seed Rate                           3-4 kg/acre              

Sowing Time                      Mid October-Mid November.

Harvesting Time                 8 cuttings-1st after 80-90 days.

 

Berseem

 

Technical name                   Trifolium alexandrinum.

Varities                               Agaiti Berseem, Pachaiti Berseem.         

Seed Rate                           3-4 kg/acre              

Sowing Time                      October

Harvesting Time                 Feb-March.

 

Shaftal

 

Technical name                   Trifolium resupinatum.

Varities                               Local Varities are sown.    

Seed Rate                           2-3 kg/acre              

Sowing Time                      October.

Harvesting Time                 2-3 cuttings-1st  in June.

 

Senji/ Sweet Clover

 

Technical name                   Melilotus indica.

Varities                               FOS-1, Sufaid-79.             

Seed Rate                           12 kg/acre              

Sowing Time                      October.

Harvesting Time                 Feb-March.

 

Sudan grass

 

Technical name                   Sorghum bicolor.               

Seed Rate                           8-10 kg/acre              

Sowing Time                      March.

 

Mott grass

 

Technical name                   Pennisetum perpureum.     

Seed Rate                           10,000-12,000 cutting/ acre              

Sowing Time                      Spring:                                Feb-March

Autumn:               July-August

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