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Production technology of Sugar Crops





  • Sugar Cane


    Technical name            Saccharum officinarum

    Varities                        Cp-77400, SP-234, BF-162, HSF-240,   

                                       CPF-237, BL-19, BL-, SPSG-26.

     

     

    Sugar Cane


    Technical name            Saccharum officinarum

    Varities                        Cp-77400, SP-234, BF-162, HSF-240,   

                                       CPF-237, BL-19, BL-, SPSG-26.

    Seed Rate                     Thin:100 monds/acre

                                        Thick:120 monds/ acre

    Sowing Time                 Autumn Sowing (Sept)

                                        Spring Sowing (MidFeb-Mid Mar)         

    Harvesting Time            Autumn Sowing (Feb. march)

                                        Spring sowing (Nov. December)

     

    Sugar beet

     

    Technical name                   Beta vulgaris

    Varities                               Kawe Mira, Kawe Terma, Hellis Hong, Kawe Cora

    Seed Rate                           5-6 kg/ acre                                             

    Sowing Time                      Sept-October                    

    Harvesting Time                 Mid May- Mid JuneAutumn Sowing

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    PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY OF DIFFERENT CROPS

     

    Sugar Cane

     

    Technical name                   Saccharum officinarum

    Varities                               Cp-77400, SP-234, BF-162, HSF-240,   

                                                                     CPF-237, BL-19, BL-, SPSG-26.

    Seed Rate                           Thin:                                   100 monds/acre

                                                Thick:                                  120 monds/ acre

    Sowing Time                      Autumn Sowing (Sept)

                                                                     Spring Sowing (MidFeb-Mid Mar)         

    Harvesting Time                 Autumn Sowing (Feb. march)

                                                                     Spring sowing (Nov. December)

     

    Sugar beet

     

    Technical name                   Beta vulgaris

    Varities                               Kawe Mira, Kawe Terma, Hellis Hong,

                                                                      Kawe Cora                                             

    Seed Rate                           5-6 kg/ acre                                             

    Sowing Time                      Sept-October                    

    Harvesting Time                 Mid May- Mid JuneAutumn Sowing

     

    CEREAL CROPS

    Wheat

     

    Technical name                   Triticum aestivum L.

    Varities                               Inquilab-91, Uqab-2000, Iqbal-2000,     

                                                                     MH-97, Chakwal-86.                              

    Seed Rate                           40-50 kg/ acre                                          

    Sowing Time                      Nov-15 Nov(Best time) but may upto 15                                                                  December.    

    Harvesting Time                 Mid April.

    Rice

     

    Technical name                   Oryza sativa L.

    Varities                               Coarse Varities: IRRI-6, KS-282,IRRI-9

    Fine Varities   : Super Basmati, Basmati-

    2000, Basmati-385                                                               

    Seed Rate                           7-8 kg/ acre                                              

    Sowing Time                      Coarse Rice:                       20 May-7June                    

                                                                     Fine Rice:                           June-15June

    Harvesting Time                 Novemeber

     

    Barley

     

    Technical name                   Hordeum Vulgare

    Varities                               T4, T5, Jow-83.                                                             

    Seed Rate                           30-35 kg/ acre                                          

    Sowing Time                      Mid October- November   

    Harvesting Time                 Mid March-April

     

    Oat

     

    Technical name                   Avena sativa

    Varities                               Algerian, Agati-2, Palestinian.                

    Seed Rate                           35-40 kg/ acre                                          

    Sowing Time                      Mid October- December   

    Harvesting Time                 April –May.

     

    Maize

     

    Technical name                   Zea mays

    Varities                               Synthetic Varities: Neelam, Sadaf,

                                                                     Akbar, Golden, Sultan.

                                                                     Hybrid Varities: YHD-444, YHD-555 

    Seed Rate                           12-15 kg/ acre                                          

    Sowing Time                      Spring(Feb-Mar)

                                                                     Autumn(July-August)       

    Harvesting Time                 When top sheath become brown.

     

    Sorghum

     

    Technical name                   Sorghum bicolor

    Varities                               JS-100, JS-263, DG-Pearl.             Seed Rate                                     8-10kg/ acre                                                          

    Sowing Time                      March- July  

    Harvesting Time                 November.

     

    Bajra

     

    Technical name                   Pennisetum glaucum.

    Varities                               18-BY, Y-84. 

    Seed Rate                           1.5-2 kg/ acre                                           

    Sowing Time                      15 July-15August.             

    Harvesting Time                 1st Nov- 15 Nov.

     

    OIL SEED CROPS

     

    Rapeseed

     

    Technical name                   Brassica campestris.

    Varities                               Toria, Sarson, DGL.                                

    Seed Rate                           1.5-2 kg/ acre                                           

    Sowing Time                      October-November            

    Harvesting Time                 When 60% pods are brown.

     

     

     

    Mustard

     

    Technical name                   Brassica juncea

    Brassica carinata.

    Varities                               B-Carinata, LL-84, Taramira, Taramira-                                              AB.                                    

    Seed Rate                           1.5-2 kg/ acre                                           

    Sowing Time                      October-November            

    Harvesting Time                 When 60% pods are brown.

     

    Groundnut

     

    Technical name                   Arachis hypogaea.

    Varities                               Star-2, Banki,NO-45.                              

    Seed Rate                           Erect:                                  25-30 kg/ acre                                                                 Spreading:     20-25 kg/ acre

    Sowing Time                      Punjab:          Mid Feb-April

                                                                     Sindh:                                 May              

    Harvesting Time                 When pods become brown.

     

    Sunflower

     

    Technical name                   Helianthus annus.

    Varities                               SF-187, Hysun-33, Hysun-37, SF-177                                                SH-3322.                           

    Seed Rate                           2.5-3 kg/ acre                                           

    Sowing Time                      Spring(15 Jan-20Feb)

                                                                     Autumn(Early Aug-Mid Sept)                

    Harvesting Time                 Spring(May-June)

    Autumn(Last Week of Nov).

     

     

     

    Sesamum

     

    Technical name                   Sesamum indicum L.

    Varities                               S-17, Punjab, Till-90, T-5.                       

    Seed Rate                           1 kg/ acre                                                 

    Sowing Time                      Last Week of June- Mid July.

    Harvesting Time                 November-December.

     

    Castorbean

     

    Technical name                   Ricinus communis.

    Varities                               DS-30(Sindh), C-3(Punjab).                                         

    Seed Rate                           5-6 kg/ acre                                              

    Sowing Time                      July-August 

    Harvesting Time                 After 100-110 days of sowing.

     

    Linseed

     

    Technical name                   Linium ustitatissimum.

    Varities                               L-1, NO-5, Chandni.                               

    Seed Rate                           6-8 kg/ acre                                              

    Sowing Time                      Mid Oct-Mid Nov.            

    Harvesting Time                 Last Week of April.

     

    Soyabean

    Technical name                   Glycine max.

    Varities                               Hampton-266-A, Davis, William,

                                                                     Bragg.                                

    Seed Rate                           28-32 kg/ acre                                          

    Sowing Time                      Spring:                                Mid Feb-Mid Mar

                                                                     Autumn:        July-August 

    Harvesting Time                 Spring:                                June

    Autumn:               November.

     

    Safflower

     

    Technical name                   Cathamus tinctorius.

    Varities                               Thori-78, US-10, S-208, Gila.                 

    Seed Rate                           8-10 kg/ acre                                            

    Sowing Time                      Late Oct- End Nov.          

    Harvesting Time                 Late May-June.

     

    PULSES OR GRAIN LEGUMES

     

    Gram or Chick pea

     

    Technical name                   Cicer arietinum.

    Varities                               CM-72,C-77, PJ-91, Noor-91, Pb-1.       

    Seed Rate                           20-25 kg/ acre                                          

    Sowing Time                       Irrigated Areas:                  Early Oct-Nov.                                                              Barani Areas:                                 October

    Harvesting Time                 Last Wek of March to 1st Week of April.

     

    Lentil or Masoor

     

    Technical name                   Lens culinaris.

    Varities                               Masoor-85, Masoor-93,No-10.

    Seed Rate                           8-10 kg/ acre                                            

    Sowing Time                       Irrigated Areas:                  Oct-MidNov.                                                                                      Barani Areas:                                            15 Sept-15 Oct.

    Harvesting Time                 Last Week of March to 1st Week of April

     

    Mashbean

     

    Technical name                   Vigna mungo.

    Varities                               Mash-48, Mash-80, Mash-88.                 

    Seed Rate                           8-10 kg/ acre                                            

    Sowing Time                      Mid June – End of July.

    Harvesting Time                 Early October.

     

    Mungbean

     

    Technical name                   Vigna radiata.

    Varities                               No-6601, NM-19-19, NM-54, NM-20-                                               21.                

    Seed Rate                           8-10 kg/ acre                                            

    Sowing Time                      Spring:                                Mid Feb- March.

                                                                     Autumn:        Mid June- End of July.

    Harvesting Time                 Early October.

     

    Cowpea

     

    Technical name                   Vigna sinesis.

    Varities                               FOS-1, FOS-7, FOS-40.   

    Seed Rate                           8-10 kg/ acre                                            

    Sowing Time                      June – July.

    Harvesting Time                 Early November.

     

    GREEN MANURE CROPS

    Guara

     

    Technical name                   Cyanopsis tetragonoloba.  

    Seed Rate                           Green manure:                                          8-10 kg/ acre

                                                                     Fodder:                               12-13 kg/acre              

    Sowing Time                      April-July.

    Harvesting Time                 Burrying 45-60 days after sowing.

     

     

     

    Senji

     

    Technical name                   Melilotus perviflora.           

    Seed Rate                           12-13 kg/acre               

    Sowing Time                      October-November.

    Harvesting Time                 February.

     

    Arhar

     

    Technical name                   Cajanus cajan.                   

    Seed Rate                           10 kg/acre              

    Sowing Time                      May-June

    Harvesting Time                 Sept-October.

     

    Jantar / Dhaincha

     

    Technical name                   Sesbania aculeata.             

    Seed Rate                           20 kg/acre              

    Sowing Time                      March-July.

    Harvesting Time                 June- July.

     

    Sunhemp

     

    Technical name                   Crotalavia juncea.             

    Seed Rate                           20 kg/acre              

    Sowing Time                      July.

    Harvesting Time                 Sept.

     

     

     

     

     

     

    FODDER CROPS

     

    Lucern

     

    Technical name                   Medicago sativa.

    Varities                               Type-8, Type-9, Synthetic-79.                

    Seed Rate                           3-4 kg/acre              

    Sowing Time                      Mid October-Mid November.

    Harvesting Time                 8 cuttings-1st after 80-90 days.

     

    Berseem

     

    Technical name                   Trifolium alexandrinum.

    Varities                               Agaiti Berseem, Pachaiti Berseem.         

    Seed Rate                           3-4 kg/acre              

    Sowing Time                      October

    Harvesting Time                 Feb-March.

     

    Shaftal

     

    Technical name                   Trifolium resupinatum.

    Varities                               Local Varities are sown.    

    Seed Rate                           2-3 kg/acre              

    Sowing Time                      October.

    Harvesting Time                 2-3 cuttings-1st  in June.

     

    Senji/ Sweet Clover

     

    Technical name                   Melilotus indica.

    Varities                               FOS-1, Sufaid-79.             

    Seed Rate                           12 kg/acre              

    Sowing Time                      October.

    Harvesting Time                 Feb-March.

     

    Sudan grass

     

    Technical name                   Sorghum bicolor.               

    Seed Rate                           8-10 kg/acre              

    Sowing Time                      March.

     

    Mott grass

     

    Technical name                   Pennisetum perpureum.     

    Seed Rate                           10,000-12,000 cutting/ acre              

    Sowing Time                      Spring:                                Feb-March

    Autumn:               July-August

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