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MAJOR CULTIVARS OF COTTON IN PAKISTAN




  • 3. SARMAST (S-59-1):

     This cultivar was also evolved in ARI, Tandojam (Sindh). It was released in 1975 particularly for the Khairpur and Sukkar districts of Sindh. Its yield and other qualities are similar to that o Qallandri.

    4. NIAB-86 : It was developed at the Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology (NIAB, Faisalabad. It was approved in 1990 for general cultivation in Pakistan. It is a high yielding, tall, and early-maturing cultivar, which is fairly resistant to insect-pests. Its staple length is 29 mm and lint 34.5%.

     

     

     

    MAJOR CULTIVARS OF COTTON IN PAKISTAN AND THEIR MAIN CHARACTERISTICS

    Rameez Hassan1, Muhammad Waqas Azam2, Ahmad Mahmood3*, Tauqir Ahmed3, Muhammad Omer3 and Zahid Riaz Butt4

    1 Department of Food Technology, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi

    2 Department of Horticulture, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi

    3 Department of Agronomy, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi

    4 Department of Economics and Agriculture Economics, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi

    * Corresponding author: ahmadmahmood91@gmail.com

    1. RAVI:

     It was released in 1982 for general cultivation in the Punjab.

     It is an early maturing cultivar, enabling wheat sowing after its harvest.

     Yield higher than other desi cultivars.

     It is comparatively resistant to insect-pests and diseases.

     Ginning out-turn 41%, Staple length 14.5 mm.

    2. QALLANDRI (H_59_1):

     This upland cotton cultivar has been developed by agriculture research institute ARI Tandojam (Sindh).

     It was released in 1974 for cultivation in Nawabshah, Dadu and Hyderabad districts of Sindh.

     It is a high yielding cultivar with 33.5% ginning out-turns and 28.6 mm staple length.

    3. SARMAST (S-59-1):

     This cultivar was also evolved in ARI, Tandojam (Sindh).

     It was released in 1975 particularly for the Khairpur and Sukkar districts of Sindh.

     Its yield and other qualities are similar to that o Qallandri.

    4. NIAB-86 :

     It was developed at the Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology (NIAB, Faisalabad.

     It was approved in 1990 for general cultivation in Pakistan.

     It is a high yielding, tall, and early-maturing cultivar, which is fairly resistant to insect-pests.

     Its staple length is 29 mm and lint 34.5%.

    5. GOHAR-87 :

     It is hybrid cultivar, also released in1990for general cultivation in Pakistan.

     Its staple length is 28 mm, and lint 35%.

     It is a tall and stout cultivar, resistant to lodging and sucking insects.

    6. GOMAL-93 :

     Like Gohar-87, it is also evolved by hybridization and selection.

     It was approved in 1994 for general cultivation in D.I. Khan district of NWFP.

     It is a semi-bushy cultivar with symbodial growth habit.

     Its staple length is 27.5 mm with 34% lint.

    7. 231 R :

     Originally developed in India.

     Released in the Punjab in 1959 because of its higher yield and superior fiber qualities compared to ’39 Molisoni’.

     Ginning out-turn 36%, staple length 12.7-15.9 mm, micronaire value 7-9.

    8. D 9 :

     A reselection from ‘Haroonabadi Desi’.

     Released in 1971.

     A sympodial, early maturing variety with broad leaves and white flowers.

     The fiber is very short (9.5-15.9 mm.

     Ginning out-turn 40%.

     A rough and harsh variety recommended for the sub mountainous districts of the Punjab.

    9. TD 1:

     Also a sympodial type with broad leaves and white flowers.

     Fiber even harsher than that of D 9.

     Fiber length 9.5-15.9 mm.

     Grown in parts of Khairpur and Nawabshah Districts of Sindh.

    10. S.K.D. 10/19 :

     A reselection from TD 1.

     Fiber slightly harsher than that of TD 1.

     Yield higher than Td1. Ginning out-turn 40%.

     . Released in 1975 for cultivation in Sindh.

    11. ROHI:

     Developed by crossing Haroonabad local and D 9.

     Released in 1986.

     Recommended for parts of Bahawalpur District.

     Leaves hairy, discouraging the attack of sucking insects.

     High yielding.

     Ginning out-turn 405. Staple length 14 mm. Micronaire value 7.9.

    12. Gossypium hirsutum:

     Upland cotton

     80-90% of world market

     short to medium fibers (2-3 cm; middle stapled variety.

    13. Gossypium barbadense:

     Island cotton

     10-20% of global market high-quality,

     long to very long fibers Sea (3-4 cm; long stapled variety.

    14. Gossypium. herbaceum:

     The annual or the hardy cotton bush G.

     arboreum produces fibers with a length of 1.8-2.2 cm.

     Long stapled varieties are cultivated mostly in Egypt and Peru.

    15. Gossypium Arboreum:

     5% Perennial plant grows up to 2 meters with red flowers.

     Poor quality fibers in East Africa and South East Asia.

    16. FH 87 :

     Developed through hybridization between AC134 and Paymaster.

     Released 1988. medium tall (125-150 mm).

     Early maturing and high yielding.

     Resistant to sucking insects.

     Highest seed-oil percentage of all existing cotton varieties. staple length 27.8 mm.

     Lint percentage 36.8.

     Strength 96,000 lb/sq in.

     Fineness value 4.2.

    17. SLH 41 :

     Developed through Hybridization between 9209 F. Mysore American and 149 F. Mex 68.

     Released in 1984.

     Tall (165 cm).

     Resistant to some extent against sucking insects.

     Can successfully be grown even with low inputs. lint percentage 36.7.

     Staple length 27.8 mm.

     Fiber strength 95,800 Ib/sq in.

     Fineness value 4.4.

    18. RH I :

     Result of hybridization of (LH 62 .W 1104).

     Released 1990 in Bahawalpur Division.

     Medium tall (120-150cm.

     Early maturing, allowing the sowing of wheat after its harvest in Nov.-Dec.

     Staple length 29.6 mm.

     Lint percentage 31.6. Fiber strength 103,000 lb/sq in.

     Micronaire value 3.9.

     Staple of RH I is the finest and strongest of the cultivars discussed here.

    19. 39-MOLLISONI :

     Desi cotton.

     Released in 1934, because of its higher yield compared to an earlier variety i.e. 15 Mollisoni.

     Its staple length is 17.8 mm, and its ginning turnout is 36%.

    20. 15 MOLLISONI :

     Desi cotton.

     It is a low yielding cultivar.

    21. 119 SANGUINEUM :

     Approved in 1941 for general cultivation in Multan to replace the local variety which was a mixture of many biotypes.

     High yielding and early maturing.

     Staple length 17.5 mm.

     Ginning out-turn 35 %.

    22. 4 F :

     Released in 1914.

     This was the first upland cotton variety evolved at Faisalabad.

     The plant type was bushy and medium tall, with hairy leaves.

     The staple length is 22.2 mm.

     Ginning out-turn is 33%.

     4F went out of cultivation in the 1940’s.

    23. 289 F :

     Evolved in Faisalabad.

     Approved for Multan district in 1928.

     Plant type was bushy.

     Staple length 25 mm.

    24. 124 F:

     Direct selection from 289 F’.

     Slightly earlier.

     High yielding.

     Long staple length.

     Greater ginning out-turns than 289 F’.

     Released for general cultivation in 1945.

    25. 199 F:

     Developed from a natural hybrid in Multan in 1936.

     Its progeny were very variable.

     Out of them one hairy plant was selected, which ultimately gave rise to 199F.

     This variety is mid-season.

     Staple length of 25 mm.

     Ginning out-turn 34%.

    26. AC 134:

     Approved for general cultivation in 1958.

     High yielding.

     Early maturing.

     Jassid resistant.

     Staple length 26 mm.

     Ginning out-turn 34%.

     Developed from the cross ‘148 F. 199F’ at Faisalabad.

    27. LASSANI II:

     Evolved by single plant selection from an old variety.

     The plant is tall, profusely hairy.

     Resistant to jassid.

     Medium in maturity.

     Ginning out-turn 32.7%.

     Staple length 28mm.

     Capable of spinning65’s.

     Approved for general cultivation in 1958.

    28. BS I (13/26):

     A selection from the ‘M 4’ variety of Sindh.

     Fuzzy seeded.

     Early maturing.

     Drought resistant.

     High yielding.

     Released for general cultivation in 1962.

    29. MS 39:

     Evolved from a natural hybrid.

     Sympodial in habit.

     Early maturing.

     Staple length about 32 mm.

     Approved in 1970 for cultivation in Multan Zone.

    30. M 100:

     Developed from the backcross progeny of (‘M 4’ and Wild ‘M 4’).

     Plants erect to bushy, with broad lobes and spreading out branches.

     Early maturing.

     Staple length 26.2-27 mm.

     Ginning out-turn 34.5%.

     Approved for general cultivation in Sindh.

    31. QALLANDRI:

     Approved for cultivation in 1974.

     Staple length 28.6 mm.

     Ginning out-turn 33.5%.

     Micronaire value 3.5-3.7.

     Being grown in parts of Nawabshah, Dadu, and Hyderabad Districts of Sindh.

    32. 149 F:

     Results of hybridization between ‘124 F’ and ‘ Babdel’.

     Released in 1971 for general cultivation in Multan Division.

     The plants are medium in maturity and height.

     Susceptible to sucking insects.

     Early to medium in maturity.

     High yielding.

     Staple length 27.9 mm.

     Ginning out-turn 34%.

     Fiber strength 93,000ib/sq in.

     Fineness value 4.5.

    33. B 557:

     Developed through hybridization between ‘268 F’ and ‘L 5 ‘.

     Released for general cultivation in 1976.

     Plants tall, bushy.

     Resistant to the sucking insect complex.

     High yielding variety. lint 35%.

     Staple length 27.5 mm.

     Fiber strength 94,000 Ib/sq in.

     Micronaire value 4.2.

    34. ‘ MS 84 ‘:

     Developed from a cross between ‘MS 40. DPL 16.

     Medium in height.

     Susceptible to sucking insects.

     Released in 1983.

     Yield comparatively low due to high quality cotton.

     Staple length 33 mm. lint 34%.

     Fiber strength91,300 Ib/sq in.

     Fineness value 4.5.

    35. CIM 109:

     Developed through hybridization between NIAB 78 and.

     Approved for general cultivation in 1990 for Bahawalpur, Multan and D.G.Khan Divisions.

     Medium maturing.

     Heat tolerant and can therefore be successfully grown in May.

     Staple length 27.5 mm.

     Lint 35%.

     Strength 92,000Ib/sq in.

     Fineness value 4.5.

    36. ‘CIM 70’:

     The parentage of this variety is (‘149 F’, Coker 100 WA’ and Coker 8314)

     Approved for general cultivation in 1986.

     Short statured (100-110. .

     Early maturing.

     High yielding.

     Heat tolerant.

     Because of its early maturing wheat can easily be grown after cotton is harvested.

     Its lint percentage is 31.2%.

     Staple length 29 mm.

     Fineness 4.2.

     Strength is 92,000 lb/sq in.

     This cultivar is highly susceptible to sucking insects.

    37. S 12:

     Result of hybridization between MNH 93 and Arizona 7203-14-4.

     Approved during 1988 for cultivation.

     Short stature.

     Early maturing.

     High yielding.

     Liked by farmers as well as ginners for its high lint percentage(41.3%. .

     Staple length is 28.2 mm.

     Strength 94,000 Ib/sq in.

     Micronaire value 4.7.

    38. NIAB 78 :

     Developed by irradiating the F1 hybrid of ‘AC 134’ and ‘Deltapine 16’.

     Approved for general cultivation in 1983.

     Medium tall (130-140 cm).

     Early maturing.

     High yielding.

     Can be grown on a variety of soils under a variety of climatic conditions from Faisalabad to Sindh.

     Lint 36%.

     Fiber length 27.5 mm.

     Strength 93,000 Ib/sq in.

     Fineness 4.5.

    39. ‘MNH 93’ :

     The result of a cross (‘124 F’, Badbel’, MS 39 and Mex 12′)

     Released in 1980.

     Medium tall (100-140 cm)

     High yielding.

     Tendency to lodge under a heavy load of bolls, due to weakness of its stem.

     Staple length 28.8 mm.

     Lint 37.7%.

     Strength 94,200 lb/sq in .

     Micronaire value 4.3.

    40. NIBGE-2 :

     It is formed by the cross of LRA-5166 and S-12.

     It was developed by the Plant Genomics and Molecular Breeding in Faisalabad.

     It was released in December 2006.

     It is resistant to the Multan strain of cotton leaf curl disease.

     It is best suited for irrigated as well as drought prone areas of Pakistan.

     Micronaire readings of NIBGE-2 averaged 0.1 units higher than that of CIM 473 but similar to CIM 499.

    41. Giza 88:

     Produced the highest overall yield,

     Seed index and boll weight.

     Giza 88 produced superior fiber than all other cultivars.

    42. CRIS-9:

     High lint percentage.

     Good quality fiber.

     Early maturing.

     Tall heighted.

    43. Shaheen:

     Tall sized.

     Early maturing.

     More fiber length.

    44. NIAB-78:

     Tall heighted.

     Early maturing.

     High lint percentage.

    45. CRIS-468:

     It gives poor germination and so resulted in lower plant population.

     It is susceptible to viral diseases by 6.03%

    46. CRIS-467 :

     Its germination is poor and so results in lower plant population.

     Plant height is 161 cm.

    47. SLH-257 :

     Lower yield.

     Short stature.

     Germination was found to be poor which resulted in lower plant population.

    48. NIAB-111:

     Early maturing.

     High yielding.

     Good fiber strength.

     Best considered variety.

    49. NIAB-98 :

     Early maturing variety.

     Short statured variety.

     High yielding.

    50. NIAB-999 :

     Early maturing cultivar.

     Tall statured.

     Medium yield.

    51. MNH 642:

     Early maturing.

     Highest maturity at 85.5% maturity.

     Tall heighted (160.7 cm).

     Lint is 45%.

    52. SLH 224:

     Early maturing variety.

     Long statured (159.4 cm).

    53. CIM-499:

     Short statured cultivar.

     Fiber length is 31.38 mm.

     Fiber firmness is 4 ig/in.

    54. CIM-506 :

     Short statured variety.

     Low yielding variety.

    55. MNH-635:

     It has 44.59% GOT %.

     Long statured.

     High yielding.

     Fine lint.

    56. VH-142:

     IT has 43.33 % GOT %.

     Fine lint.

     Medium stature.

     Low yielding.

    58. BH-160:

     fiber fineness 4.07ìg/inch.

     Its fiber length is 30.23 mm

    59. CIM-707:

     Its fiber length is 30.85mm.

     Medium sized.

     High yielding.

    60. CIM-473:

     Its fiber length is 30.72mm.

     Tall heighted.

    61. FH-925:

     Its fiber length is 29.77mm.

     Fine Quality.

     Better yielding.

     Fine lint.

    62. CIM497:

     Its fiber length is 29.42mm.

     Fine lint.

     Tall statured.

    63. CIM-511 :

     Its fiber length is 29.38mm.

     High yielding.

     Better quality.

    64. NIBGE-1 :

     Highest maturity index (i.e. 90.30%)

     High yielding.

     Tall statured.

     Good fiber quality.

    65. NIAB-999 :

     Maturity index is 89.55% .

     It is a high yielding cultivar.

     Tall heighted.

    66. CRIS-168:

     Medium heighted variety.

     Early maturing.

     It is high yielding variety.

     It’s susceptible to viral diseases by 9.77%.

    67. CRIS-467 :

     Early maturing.

     It is found to be 1.81% viral susceptible.

     Tall heighted variety.

     High yielding variety.

    68. MNH 147:

     It is American cotton.

     It is high yielding.

     It is medium statured.

     Fine lint.

    69. NIAB Karishma:

     It is an American variety cultivated in Pakistan.

     It is high yielding.

     It is tall heighted.

     It has fine Lint.

     Good fiber strength.

    70. CIM 448 :

     It is also an American cultivar.

     It is high yielding cultivar.

     Tall heighted

     Better fiber strength

    71. BH 36:

     American variety.

     Better yielding.

    72. FH-634:

     American variety.

     It is also a better yielding Cultivar.

    73. SLS-I:

     It is also an American variety being cultivated in Pakistan.

     Good yielding cultivar.

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