Fungus diseases contribute in controlling scale insects, whiteflies, aphids, wireworms and grasshoppers.

Examples are:


  • Cordyceps sp. is pathogenic to the larvae of rice stem borer. 
  • Eutomophthora sphaerosperma parasitizes grasshoppers, leaf hoppers, aphides,pysllids, etc.
  • Empusa gryllia Fres. parasitizes grasshoppers.
  • Empusa aphidis Hoff attacks aphids. 
  • Empusa plusiae parasitizes noctuid larvae.
  • Metarrhizus anisopliae Sorokin, parasitizes white grubs. wireworms. cutworms. etc. 
  • Empusa muscae Cohn attacks flies.
  • Cephalosporium aphidicola is pathogenic to cabbage aphids. tobacco aphids. cotton 
  • aphids, etc.
  • Acrostalagmus aphidum Oud. attacks white flies and scale insects. 
  • Entomophathorafumosa Speare attacks white flies.
  • Verticillum lecanii controls aphids, whiteflies and thrips. 

 Key Reference : Insects and Pests Management by Ali Asghar Hashmi

Muhammad Ramzan Rafique
Muhammad Ramzan Rafique

I am from a small town Chichawatni, Sahiwal, Punjab , Pakistan, studied from University of Agriculture Faisalabad, on my mission to explore world I am in Denmark these days..

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