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Poultry Breed List




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    This is only a very brief guide about the different breeds to help the novice poultry enthusiast understand were all the breeds come from and what they have to offer.  It is NOT a standard, and in some cases only one persons opinion.  Different countries have their own standards which should be sought for specific breed characteristics.  Some are as follows:

     

      Introduction

      This is only a very brief guide about the different breeds to help the novice poultry enthusiast understand were all the breeds come from and what they have to offer.  It is NOT a standard, and in some cases only one persons opinion.  Different countries have their own standards which should be sought for specific breed characteristics.  Some are as follows:

      • American Standard of Perfection (America)
      • American Bantam Association Standard (America)
      • New Zealand Poultry Standard (New Zealand)
      • British Poultry Standard (England)

      Note: some countries categorise breeds slightly differently to others.

      HISTORY:

      Our domestic races of fowls as we know them today have evolved from the native Jungle Fowls that lived in the Indian Continent. Our modern races are the result of these birds artificially selected for:

      1. Egg laying
      2. Flesh quality and quantity
      3. Cock fighting ability
      4. General appearance.

      During the Middle Ages 3 main types of fowls were developed in separate regions:


      1. Mediterranean fowls: these seldom brood and lay white eggs. breeds known today are leghorn, Andalusions, Minorcas, Anconas, Spanish.
      2. Asian Game fowls: these have hard, tight feathering and are primarily a fighting fowl.  They lay
      brown eggs and are good brooders (sitters).
      3. Asian Soft Feather fowls: These were developed in the mountain regions of Asia.  They have
      loose, soft feathers and feathered legs. examples are Brahmas, Cochin & Langshan.

      By crossing these three races of fowls, new breeds have been developed which are popular today.  these can be grouped as follows:
      1. English breeds: These generally have white skin & legs. breeds include Orpington, Sussex &
      Dorking.
      2. European breeds: These generally lay brown eggs and breeds include Barnevelder &
      Welsummer.
      3. American breeds: These generally have yellow pigment and breeds include Plymouth rock, Rhode Island Red, Jersy Giant, Wyandotte.

      Commercial fowls: Cross breed or hybrid fowls selected for their productivity, with little attention paid to appearance.  They are developed to maximise the production of meat or eggs.
      House or Farm fowls: These include one breed or random cross breeds that are NOT bred to a recognised standard.

      Pure breed fowls: birds bred and selected to conform as closely as possible to a set Standard which outlines desirable and undesirable features.

      LARGE FOWLS-HARD FEATHER:
      These are often called game fowls with their origins going back to when they were bred for cock fights.  Their feathers are tight and closely follow the contour of the body.
      * breed: Asil
      origin: Asia-India
      colours: light red, dark red, red wheaten.
      egg colour: tinted/cream
      comment: oldest game fowl breed.
      ————————————————————–
      * breed:Indian Game
      origin: Cornwall, England
      colours: dark, jubilee, blue
      egg colour: tinted/cream
      comment: Meaty looking with huge breast and thighs.  Known as Cornish in America.
      ————————————————————–
      * breed:Malay Game
      origin: Asia
      colours: Black, white, spangled, pile, duckwing.
      egg colour: tinted/cream
      comment: very tall, leggy birds.
      ————————————————————–
      * breed:Old English Game
      origin: England
      colours: over 30 known colours. main colours include black, blue, black red, pile, duckwing,
      crele, spangle.
      egg colour: tinted/cream
      comment: Muscular birds originally bred for cock fights and it’s customary to dub the male
      combs.
      ————————————————————–

      LARGE FOWLS-SOFT FEATHER-LIGHT BREEDS
      These fowls have loose feathering, with a distinct soft feel. They are light in frame and muscle and usually very good egg layers.
      * breed:Ancona
      origin: Italy
      colour: Mottled (each feather black with a white tip)
      egg colour: White
      comment: excellent egg layer but sometimes nervous.
      ————————————————————–
      * breed: Araucana
      origin: Chile & Peru
      colours: lavender, black & any Old English game colour.
      egg colour: Blue/green
      comment: they have a unique egg colour.
      ————————————————————–
      * breed:Andalusian
      origin: Spain
      colour: Blue (feathers blue with black lacing)
      egg colour: White
      comment: good egg layer but can be flighty.
      ————————————————————–
      * breed: Frizzle
      origin: China
      colours: black, white, buff, blue
      egg colour: white/cream
      comment: purely an exhibition bird with each feather curling towards the head. Often seen as
      bantams.
      ————————————————————–
      * breed:Hamburg
      origin: Europe
      colours: gold spangled, silver spangled, gold pencilled, silver pencilled.
      egg colour: white
      comment: has a rose comb.
      ————————————————————–
      * breed:Leghorn
      origin: Italy
      colours: about 12 known colours.  main colours include black, brown, blue, white.
      egg colour: white
      comment: good egg layer.  usually has single comb.
      ————————————————————–
      * breed: Minorca
      origin: Spain
      colours: Black, white, buff, blue.
      egg colour: white
      comment: good egg layer. eggs large.
      ————————————————————–
      * breed: Campine
      origin: Belgium
      colours: Silver, gold. (black barring over gold or silver ground colour).
      egg colour: white
      comment: used for autosexing breeds.
      ————————————————————–
      * breed: Poland
      origin: Europe
      colours: White-crested black, chamois (buff laced), white crested blue, white, gold, silver.
      egg colour: white
      comment: very old breed with an upright crest.
      ————————————————————–
      * breed: Silkie
      origin: Asia, China, or Japan??
      colours: many colours.  main ones are white, black, gold, blue.
      egg colour: tinted/cream
      comment: unusual silky feathering, with blue/purple skin, crest, feathered legs & five toes. make
      very good mothers.  Classified as bantams in America.
      ————————————————————–
      * breed: Spanish
      origin: Mediterranean
      colour: black
      egg colour: white
      comment: has a striking appearance of having a excessive white face. very old and now rare
      breed.
      ————————————————————–
      * breed: Welsummer
      origin: Holland
      colours: male-black red, female-partridge.
      egg colour: brown/dark brown
      comment: lays a deep brown egg and lots of them.
      ————————————————————–
      LARGE FOWLS-SOFT FEATHER-HEAVY BREEDS:
      These birds tend to be heavy in frame, and can be very large. They are usually looser in feather than light breeds, and meatier but lay slightly less eggs.  They are a good all round fowl.
      * breed:Australorp
      origin: Australia
      colour: black
      egg colour: tinted/brown
      comment: good all round bird.
      ————————————————————–
      * breed: Barnevelder
      origin: Holland
      colours: Black, double laced
      egg colour: deep brown
      comment: popular for their brown eggs.
      ————————————————————–
      * breed: Brahma
      origin: Asia
      colours: Light, dark, white, gold, birchen
      egg colour: tinted
      comment: feathered legs and feet.
      ————————————————————–
      * breed: Dorking
      origin: England
      colours: silver grey, red, white, dark, cuckoo.
      egg colour: tinted/cream
      comment: has five toes.
      ————————————————————–
      * breed:Faverolle
      origin: France
      colours: Black, salmon, ermine, blue, buff, white.
      egg colour: tinted/cream
      comment: bearded fowls with feathered legs and five toes.
      ————————————————————–
      * breed:Langshan
      origin: China
      colour: black
      egg colour: tinted/brown
      comment: two varieties; Chinese and Croad.
      ————————————————————–
      * breed: New Hampshire
      origin: U.S.A.
      colour: Red/orange (chest nut)
      egg colour: tinted/brown
      comment: Bred from Rhode Island Red.
      ————————————————————–
      * breed: Orpington
      origin: Kent, England
      colours: Buff, blue, white, black
      egg colour: light brown
      comment: Queen mothers breed
      ————————————————————–
      * breed:Plymouth Rock
      origin: U.S.A.
      colours: barred, partridge, buff, white, black.
      egg colour: tinted
      comment: popular all round fowl.
      ————————————————————–
      * breed:Rhode Island
      origin: U.S.A.
      colours: Red, White
      egg colour: light brown/brown
      comment: popular amongst rural people
      ————————————————————–
      * breed:Sussex
      origin: England
      colours: light, speckled, buff, white, silver
      egg colour: tinted
      comment: popular farm fowl with excellent table qualities. Also good egg layer.
      ————————————————————–
      * breed:Transylvanian Naked Neck
      origin: Hungary
      colours: white, black, blue, cuckoo, buff, red.
      egg colour: tinted/cream
      comments: featherless bright red neck.  naturally has less feathers than other breeds.
      ————————————————————–
      * breed:Wyandotte
      origin: U.S.A.
      colours: many colours.  self colours (white, blue, buff, red, black), barred/cuckoo, laced (blue,
      gold, buff, silver), columbian (&buff), crele (gold & silver), silver pencilled, partridge.
      egg colour: tinted/light brown
      comment: good all round fowl.  Very popular. Has rose comb.
      ————————————————————–

      BANTAMS-HARD FEATHER:
      Similar description to their large fowl counterpart but about 1/5 to 1/4 the size.
      * breed:Modern Game
      origin: England
      colours: similar to Old English Game colours
      egg colour: tinted/cream
      comment: customary to dub males. Breed has very long legs, tall and well muscled. Large fowls
      of this breed are very rare but do exist. It is a showman’s bird.
      ————————————————————–

      BANTAMS-SOFT FEATHER (miniature):
      Similar to their large counter part, but about 1/5 to 1/4 the size. ie they are miniatures of large birds bred down in size or developed from crosses with other bantams.

      BANTAMS-SOFT FEATHER (true):
      These breeds have no large counterpart.  These breeds are very ornamental and popular at shows.  They are a TRUE bantam, and not just miniatures of another breed.
      * breed:Japanese
      origin: Japan
      colours: Black tailed white, white, black, grey, mottled, blue
      egg colour: white/tinted
      comment: Very tall upright tail, and short legs. Carries lethal gene for short legs.
      ————————————————————–
      * breed:Pekin
      origin: Asia
      colours: black, black red birchen, buff, blue, blue red, brown red, barred, columbian,
      cuckoo, mealy grey, mottled, partridge, splashed, white, wheaten blue tail, wheaten
      black tail.
      egg colour: white/cream
      comment: small rounded bird with heavily feathered feet & legs. In America they are classified
      as  miniatures of the large Cochin.
      ————————————————————–
      * breed:Rosecomb
      origin: England
      colours: black, blue, white
      egg colour: white/cream
      comment: Exhibition fowl.
      ————————————————————–
      * breed: Sebright
      origin: England
      colours: Gold, Silver (each feather laced)
      egg colour: white/cream
      comment: Male is hen feathered, breed created for Exhibition
      ————————————————————–
      * breed:Barbu d’Uccle
      origin: Belgium
      colours: blue quail, millefleur, porcelaine etc..
      egg colour: cream
      comment: feathered feet & legs, muffed and bearded.
      ————————————————————–
      * breed: Barbu d’Anvers
      origin: Belgium
      colours: similar to Barbu d’Uccle
      egg colour: cream
      comment: breed very similar to Barbu d’Anvers, but has clean legs.
      ————————————————————–
      SITTERS/NON SITTERS:
      Some breeds naturally go broody and hatch eggs successfully, while others seldom go broody and make bad mothers. Rather than list all the breeds that are sitters (ie they successfully go broody), I will only list breeds that are non-sitters. This way, if your breed is not listed, then it should have no problem in hatching out eggs.
      Non-Sitters: Ancona, Andalusian, Bresse, Campine, Hamburg, Lakenvelder, Leghorn, Minorca, Old English Peasant Fowl, Poland, Redcap, Scots Grey, Silican Buttercup, Spanish, Welsummer.
      For ducks, the Indian Runner is the only breed that is a Non- Sitter.

      Key Reference :Mr. Andy Vardy
      P.O. Box 7
      Tallangatta, Vic. 3700
      AUSTRALIA

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