Layer Hen Selection:
- For layer production you have to chose high productive hen correctly.
- All types of hen does not produce equal eggs.
- Well quality hen have to collect.
- If the desired characteristic has a fame then layer can be collect.
- Layer should have to collect from a famous hatchery.
Vaccination program is a must for cockerel to keep them free from disease. There are some advantage of vaccination.
- It make illness resistance power.
- Keep the hen free from infective illness.
- Disease prevalence will be less.
- Mortality rate will be in a moderate stage.
- Hen should Catch very carefully.
- Chicken have to vaccinate without any strain.
- There is no need to vaccinate the ill hen.
- Vaccination equipment must have to be boiled in boiling water.
- Vaccination program should happen when the weather is cold.
- Preventive vaccine is always applicable to healthy bird.
- They have to provide special care until they reach 4-5 weeks of age.
- After brooding good quality pullet have to serve.
- It result good in future.
- It produce egg highly.
- Make the chicken healthy.
- Increase body weight.
- So it is very important to select and keeping of pullet.
- 5% of hen lays egg when they reach the age 20 weeks.
- About 10% lays at the age of 21 weeks.
- When they reach 26-30 weeks they produce highly. It may be different according to their strain.
- After laying maximum number of eggs they remain paused for a few days.
- And after that the egg production reduces slowly.
- The size of egg big according with their increasing of laying egg rate.
- The hen grows until they are 40 weeks old.
- Weight of egg increase until they reach 50 weeks of age.
- To reduce fight among them.
- To prevent food loss.
- Cockerel should cut their lip at the age of 8-10.
- Growing cockerel should 8-12 weeks.
- For cockerel 0.2 cm from their nose should cut.
- Growing hen 0.45 cm should cut.
- Both lips have to cut.
- Both lips should cut off one after another.
- Block chick triaming machine, hi speed triaming machine and dibikar can use to cut the lip.
- Two days after or before vaccinate.
- After or before serving medicine like sulfur.
- If the hen in a strain.
- Much weather change.
- If the hen start laying egg.
Water mixed with vitamin “K” have to served three days before cutting lips. Lips cutting instrument should washed with antiseptic. Test the edge and temperature of blade. You have to be careful so that the eyes and tongue are not damage. Choose cold weather to cut the lip. Lip cutting process should observed by an experienced technician. After cutting lip water should served in a deep pot. Extra meat should provide.
- 2% of calcium should provide for two weeks before they are 2 weeks old.
- If the weight is not expected you can serve starter feed up to eight weeks.
- Food can served two or three time in a day to next 18 week.
- Demand of food increase fast when they start laying.
- Food should provide according to the age and weight.
- Food should not less when they are laying if their weight increase.
In accordance with age and species providing food, weight can increased. Sufficient calcium, phosphorus, vitamins, amino acid and other mineral substance have to use in food. Bliching powder or chlorine and be used to purify water. Thus one farmer can be success in layer hen business.