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Female Reproductive System




  • It consists of organs, namely

    1. Ovaries                            :           Reproductive glands

    2. Fallopian Tubes                 :           Coveys ova from ovary to uterus.

    3. Uterus                             :           In which fertilized ovum develops.

    4. Vagina                             :           dilatable passage from uterus to Vulva.

    5. Vulva                               :           Terminal segment of system             

    Ovaries:

    Anatomy:
    Two in number laying in the abdominal cavity sizes are 0.5 to 1.5 Inch diameter and 0.5 to 1.5 inch width & thickness.

    Function:
    Dual purpose – production of eggs or ova and production of female hormone i.e. estrogen

    Oviduct (Fallopian Tube):

    Anatomy:
    Are slender, zigzag lubes attached to ligament 20-25 cm in length, close to ovaries in such a way that eggs / ova released by ovary area cached through funnel shape wide end called as “Infundibulum”.

    Function:
    The epithelial lining of oviduct is cliated of which ciliary motion helps to conduct ova from ovaries to uterus. The fertilization occurs in the ampullary region.

    Uterus:

    Anatomy:
    It consists of short medium body, pair of spirally twisted internally cavity connecting two horns known as body of uterus. The uterus has three layers i.e. outer servosa, middle muscular is & inner mucosa. In non-pregnancy period uterus lies in the pelvic cavity which descends into abdomen during pregnancy.

    Function: 
    Fertilized ovus /embryo develop into uterus until the time of birth. To nourish the developing foetus through cotyledons of inner layer

    Cervix:

    Anatomy:
    It is thick walled portion which lies between uterus and vagina having muscle layers forming longitudinal folds forming spiral passage way through it. It is 4 inch long & 1 inch or more thick.

    Function:
    It is tightly closed during pregnancy and anoestrus period and refoxen during estsus and parturition.

    Vagina:

    Anatomy: 
    It is between cervix to vulva in cow. It is 8-10 inch long. Highly elastic organ.

    Functions:
    Responsible for secretion of mucus, serves as birth canal dung parturition & admits male organ during copulation.

    Vulva:

    Anatomy: 
    It is external vertical opening of genital tract just below anus. Diameter is larger than that of vagina.

    Function:
    Vulva walls supplied with glands which are active during excitement,

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