Chilli (Capsicum annuum L) of family Solanaceae is both a vegetable and a spice crop of significant economic value in Pakistan. It is mainly used for flavouring and imparting the pungency to cooked vegetables and meal. It is a rich source of vitamin A and C. The area, production and average yield of chilies in Pakistan are given in table-I.  

Introduction

Chilli (Capsicum annuum L) of family Solanaceae is both a vegetable and a spice crop of significant economic value in Pakistan. It is mainly used for flavouring and imparting the pungency to cooked vegetables and meal. It is a rich source of vitamin A and C. The area, production and average yield of chilies in Pakistan are given in table-I.

Trends, area, production and yield

There has been a progressive decrease in area and production of chili in Pakistan. Since 1999-00 to 2004-05, the area under chili crop has decreased from 86.8 to 48.7 thousand hectares and production from 115.5 to 90.5 thousand tonnes. However, the average yield has increased from 1.3 to 1.9 tones /ha. The data since 1999-00 are as follows. 

Table 1. Area, production and yield of chilies in Pakistan (1999-00 to 2004-05) 

Year 

 

 

Area 

(000 ha) 

Production 

(000 tonnes)

Yield

(t/ha)

1999-00

86.8

115.5

1.3

2000-01

84.5

174.6

2.1

2001-02

48.7

93.3

1.9

2002-03

56.4

98.9

1.8

2003-04

55.8

96.4

1.7

2004-05

48.7

90.5

1.9

Table 1. Area, production and yield of chilies in Pakistan (1999-00 to 2004-05)
The average shares of the provinces in the over all area and production of chilli, based on the data of 2004-05, are given in the following table.

Table 2. Shares of provinces in area and production of chilies (2004-05)

Province

Area

Production

000,ha

percent share

000, tonnes

Percent Share

Punjab

5.2

11

8.5

9

Sindh

40.5

83

77.7

86

NWFP

0.7

1

0.8

1

Balochistan

2.3

5

3.4

4

Pakistan

48.7

100

90.5

100

The present national average yield of chilies is 1.9 tonnes/ha which is quite low. To obtain a potential yield, high yielding varieties and improved production technology have to be adopted.

Growing Seasons
Province wise nursery sowing and transplanting times of chilies are given

Table 3. Province-wise nursery sowing and transplanting times


Province             Nursery sowing time           Transplanting time               Harvesting time


Punjab               1. Plains June to December

                          (i)   October                       February

(ii)  February/March           April/May

(iii)                                                              (iii)                                  March/April

(direct sowing)

2. Hilly Areas September to

(i) April                            May/June                         December

Sindh (i) December                   Last week of                     From April to August

January

(ii) January/                     March/April                       August to November

February

(iii) June/July                   July/August                      November/December

(iv) September/                October/                           February to April

October                     November

NWFP (i) November                   February/                           June to November

March

Balochistan 1. Plains

(i) October to                  February/April                    August to November

February

2. Uplands

(i) April                           May to June                      Sep to December


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