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Cabbage : Introduction and Importance




  • Cabbage (Brassica oleracea L. var. capitata) of family cruciferae is a good source of vitamins and minerals. 

     There has been a progressive increase in area and production of cabbage in Pakistan. In 2004-05, the area increased to 4.4 thousand ha, production 69.1 thousand tonnes and yield was 15.7 tonnes/ha. The data since 1999-00 are as follows:



    Introduction and Importance

    Cabbage (Brassica oleracea L. var. capitata) of family cruciferae is a good source of vitamins and minerals.

    Trends, Area, Production and Yield

     

    There has been a progressive increase in area and production of cabbage in Pakistan. In 2004-05, the area increased to 4.4 thousand ha, production 69.1 thousand tonnes and yield was 15.7 tonnes/ha. The data since 1999-00 are as follows: 

    Table 1. Area, production and yield of cabbage in Pakistan (1999-00 to 2004-05) 

    Year 

    Area (000ha) 

    Production (000 tonnes) 

    Yield t/ha 

    1999-00 

    4.0 

    61.7 

    15.4 

    2000-01 

    4.5 

    67.3 

    14.9 

    2001-02

    3.9

    61.2

    15.6

    2002-03

    4.3

    66.9

    15.7

    2003-04

    4.4

    69.5

    15.7

    2004-05

    4.4

    69.1

    15.7

    The average shares of the provinces in the over all area and production of cabbage, based on the data of 2004-05, are given in the following table.

    Table 2. Shares of provinces in area and production of cabbage (2004-05)

    Province

    Area

    Production

    000 hectare

    Percent share

    000 tonnes

    Percent shares

    Punjab

    2.0

    46

    40.8

    59

    Sindh

    1.5

    35

    18.1

    26

    NWFP

    0.5

    10

    3.7

    5

    Balochistan

    0.4

    9

    6.5

    10

    Pakistan

    4.4

    100

    69.1

    100

    Seed rate, nursery raising, transplanting and spacing

    A seed rate of 200-500 g is enough for raising seedlings for one hectare. For production of seedlings, seed is sown in seed beds 4-6 weeks before transplanting in the field. The cultivars may be spaced at 30-40 cm between the plants and 50-60 cm between the rows.

    Manuring and Fertilizing

    Well rotten farm yard manure @ 25-30 tonnes/ha should be thoroughly spread and ploughed under during land preparation. General recommendation for chemical fertilizers is 100 kg N, 75 kg P2 O5 and 50 kg of K2O per hectare. For better results, full quantity of P2O5 and K2O and half quantity of N should be applied before transplanting. Remaining half of N should be applied four to six weeks after transplanting with subsequent irrigation.

    Irrigation
    Seedlings should be watered immediately after transplanting and thereafter irrigation should be applied at fortnightly interval. Watering should be avoided at the time of head maturity since this causes splitting of heads.

    Hoeing and Weeding

    The crop should be kept free of weeds by hoeings. Three to four hoeing are required to keep the weeds under control.

    Harvesting
    Harvesting should be done when the heads are firm. The mature heads should be cut with a knife along with some wrapper leaves.

    Yield
    The yield of cabbage depending upon varieties varies between 20-50 tonnes per hectare.

    Recommended varieties

    Golden Acre

     

    Key Reference : parc.gov.pk

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