The Study of Barriers Facing By Females In Getting Higher Education; A Case Study of Rural Areas of Tehsil Bhowana, District Chiniotdents About Gender Discrimination In Rural Areas of District Faisalabad


v  Low income families will be facing more barriers in higher education

v  Higher education of father, lower will be the opinion about barriers in higher education

v  Low class people will be facing more barriers in higher education


Approximately 50% population of Pakistan is consisted of females. Literacy rate of females in Pakistan is 42% (GOP-2008). No. of factors that have great harsh barriers for the females to get higher education one of most important is separate education institute for females are low in Frequency or faraway from rural areas. Many parents never allow their daughters to study in co-education system. Multistage sampling had done for this purpose, at first stage Tehsil was selected through convenient sampling. At 2nd stage two Union Councils 21 & 22 was selected. At 3rd stage four villages was selected named Muhammadi Sharif, Adlana, 240. JB and 223 JB. At final stage 120 respondents were selected from these four villages by snow ball sampling technique.

Majority shown that culture is an important barrier to female education, as well less separate institution is barrier to female higher education. 120 respondents were selected.

Collected data was subjected to Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS)

1.      42.5% were belongs to age 16-19 years old.

2.      81.7% were at matric level education.

3.      45% were matric pass.

4.      35% respondents shown desire for Graduation level.

5.      34% respondents shown desire for Master level.

6.      40 & 33.3% belongs to Jutt and Malik cast.

7.      80% said their father is family head.

8.      66.7% said that Poverty is Hurdle.

9.      61.7% said Absence of education Institution is responsible.

10.   4.2% identify religious values as hurdle.

11.   6.7% said that due to lack of personal interest.

12.   40% said it’s due to early marriages.

13.   35.5% pin point harassment.

14.   56.7% family members give more attention to male member education.

Comparison with Ground Facts

Above mentioned points are

Highly Valid

Moderately Valid


8 & 9

4-7, 10,12 & 14

1-3,11 & 13



Ø  Free books and scholarships for encouragement female education.

Ø  Parents should realize that educated woman can generate income for her family.

Ø  College facility should be provided in poor and distant villages.

Ø  Government should launch program for awareness of female higher education, support transport facility for rural areas.

Muhammad Ramzan Rafique
Muhammad Ramzan Rafique

I am from a small town Chichawatni, Sahiwal, Punjab , Pakistan, studied from University of Agriculture Faisalabad, on my mission to explore world I am in Denmark these days..

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