The headlines are extreme: “Broiling Heat,” “Punishing Drought,” “Worst in 50 Years.” And the images are even worse. Miles of dry, cracked fields, crispy cornstalks, and stoic farmers holding tiny ears of kernel-less corn. More than half of the country is experiencing drought conditions, and counties in more than 25 states have been declared crop disasters by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Farmers in some of the areas worst hit by this year’s extreme drought are throwing their hands up and mowing down acres of brown and shriveled crops. Costs of corn and soybeans are going through the roof as more and more crops shrivel up and die. Since more than 80 percent of these crops go to feed livestock, experts are suggesting shoppers may end up seeing this drought reflected in higher prices at the meat counter. If it seems familiar, it should be. One year ago the news was aflame with the extreme drought of 2011 that parched all of Texas. Farmers, officials and media whispered of devastation reminiscent of the 1930s Dust Bowl.
The historic drought was deemed the most costly on record, causing $5.2 billion in agricultural losses. Chemical ag behemoth Monsanto has been surprisingly silent, despite having trumpeted the only genetically modified drought-tolerant corn variety approved by the USDA for commercial use. Why? Because the product doesn’t live up to the promise. According to a new report from the Union of Concerned Scientists, traditional breeding and improved farming practices have actually increased drought tolerance more than genetic modification. Although there is no magic pill to protect our farms from extreme drought, there is something that can reduce the devastation and help our food, farms, and farming families bounce back: organic farming.
Organic corn produced between 28 and 33 percent more than conventional corn under drought conditions in the Rodale Institute’s Farming Systems Trial (FST). The organic corn of the FST was even more successful under drought conditions than genetically modified drought-tolerant seed varieties were in industry trials. The secret is in the soil. And unlike conventional farming, which decimates soil life with toxic synthetic chemicals designed to kill plant and insect life, organic farming techniques improve the soil’s ability to absorb and hold water. Organic agriculture is about providing plants with a support system so they can thrive.
Fertile soil, rich in organic matter and microscopic life, acts like a sponge, holding on to more water during shortages and keeping it from running off during heavy rains. Rather than total crop failure in times of stress, organic plants can rely on the soil to provide a measure of balance. Organic farming can successfully produce food even during extreme weather conditions. Of course, organic farms aren’t impervious. Organic growers across the nation are also struggling to keep their thirsty fields alive, but chances are they will be better equipped to weather this storm (or lack thereof) because they have focused on building good soil.
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