Supply and demand of woods

Timber Consumption: According to Forestry Sector Master Plan 1992, per capita timber consumption is 0.026 m3 and therefore, the estimated total timber consumption for population of 124.66 million in 1992-93 is 3.253 million m3. The contribution of state controlled forest to this consumption according to office records of all Forest Departments in 0.470 million m3 (14.4%); imports of wood and wood products is 1.280 million m(39.3%) costing to Rs.4704.3 million, most of which is in the form of pulp and paper (92%) and farmlands provide the balance 1.503 million m3 (46.2%) of timber.

Fuelwood Consumption: The FSMP per capita also gives per capita fuelwood consumption of 0.208 m3 and total fuelwood consumption in 1992-93 was thus estimated at 25.95 million m3 for both industrial and domestic purposes. Of this total 23.355 million m3 (90%) is contributed by farmlands and waste lands and the rest 2.595 million m3 (10%) is supplied by state controlled forests in the form of recorded and un-recorded removals. On the other hand, the Household Energy Strategy Study of 1993 finds that the annual fuelwood production is 32.33 million m³ and annual consumption is 46.148 million m³. The fuelwood gap for Pakistan is estimated at 13.82 million m3. This gap is very close to that estimated by Forestry Sector Master Plan of 15.1 million m3. Other studies have also given somewhat similar estimates. Current consumption of wood as well as its estimated demand are given in Table 3 and 4 respectively.

Table 3 – Consumption of wood in Pakistan, 1992-93

Item

Thousand cubic metres

Volume

%

Construction

974

28.1

Furniture

394

11.4

Village carpentry

306

8.8

Mining timber

291

8.4

Industrial fuelwood

204

5.9

Matches

193

5.5

Trucks and buses

167

4.8

Particle board

103

3.0

Sports goods

51

1.5

Plywood

25

0.7

Fibre board

21

0.6

Boats

14

0.4

Crates and boxes

704

0.3

Trains

6

0.2

Railway ties

7

0.2

Total

3,460

100.0

Population (million)

124.66

Per capita use (m3)

0.028

 

Source: 

Forestry Sector Master Plan, 1992.
Includes Industrial Fuelwood of 0.204 million m3.

Table 4. Estimated demand for industrial wood-based products by end-use (Thousand cubic metres)

{PRIVATE }

1993

1998

2003

2008

2013

2018

Construction

995

1,159

1,351

1,574

1,834

2,139

Crates and boxes

720

876

1,066

1,297

1,578

1,920

Furniture

403

508

639

804

1,012

1,272

Village carpentry

313

351

391

433

476

519

Mining timber

297

375

476

599

756

958

Matches

197

273

377

521

720

996

Trains

6

6

6

6

6

6

Trucks and buses

171

213

266

332

414

517

Boats

14

14

14

14

14

14

Particle board

105

156

231

343

509

754

Sports goods

52

77

113

166

244

358

Plywood

26

28

31

34

38

42

Fibre board

22

22

22

22

22

22

Railway ties

7

7

6

5

5

4

Industrial fuelwood

208

233

266

306

356

422

Total

3,536

4,298

5,255

6,456

7,985

9,943

Population (millions)

126.8

147.7

172.1

200.4

233.5

272.0

Per capita use (m3)

0.028

0.029

0.031

0.032

0.034

0.037

 

Source: Forestry Sector Master Plan, 1992.

Future changes in demand profile

from Table 4, the breakdown of demand shows some contrasts for certain products as partly illustrated below (Editor):

End use

% demand

1993

2003

2013

Construction

28.1

25.7

21.5

Crates & boxes

20.4

20.3

19.3

Furniture

11.4

12.1

12.8

Matches

5.6

7.2

10.0

Trucks and buses

4.8

5.1

5.2

Particleboard

3.0

5.0

7.6

Other

26.7

24.6

23.6

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

 

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