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Production Technology Of Different Crops




  • Sugar Cane

    Technical name           Saccharum officinarum

    Varities                        Cp-77400, SP-234, BF-162, HSF-240, CPF-237, BL-19, BL-, SPSG-26.

    Seed Rate

    Thin:                100 monds/acre

    Thick:              120 monds/ acre

     

    Sugar Cane

    Technical name           Saccharum officinarum

    Varities                        Cp-77400, SP-234, BF-162, HSF-240, CPF-237, BL-19, BL-, SPSG-26.

    Seed Rate                   

                                      Thin:                100 monds/acre

                                      Thick:              120 monds/ acre

    Sowing Time               Autumn Sowing (Sept)

    Spring Sowing (MidFeb-Mid Mar)

    Harvesting Time          Autumn Sowing (Feb. march)

    Spring sowing (Nov. December)

    Sugar beet

    Technical name           Beta vulgaris

    Varities                        Kawe Mira, Kawe Terma, Hellis Hong,

    Kawe Cora

    Seed Rate                    5-6 kg/ acre

    Sowing Time               Sept-October

    Harvesting Time          Mid May- Mid JuneAutumn Sowing

    CEREAL CROPS

    Wheat

    Technical name           Triticum aestivum L.

    Varities                        Inquilab-91, Uqab-2000, Iqbal-2000,

    MH-97, Chakwal-86.

    Seed Rate                    40-50 kg/ acre

    Sowing Time               Nov-15 Nov(Best time) but may upto 15  December.

    Harvesting Time          Mid April.

    Rice

    Technical name           Oryza sativa L.

    Varities                        Coarse Varities: IRRI-6, KS-282,IRRI-9

    Fine Varities : Super Basmati, Basmati-

    2000, Basmati-385

    Seed Rate                    7-8 kg/ acre

    Sowing Time               Coarse Rice:                20 May-7June

    Fine Rice:                    June-15June

    Harvesting Time          Novemeber

    Barley

    Technical name           Hordeum Vulgare

    Varities                        T4, T5, Jow-83.

    Seed Rate                    30-35 kg/ acre

    Sowing Time               Mid October- November

    Harvesting Time          Mid March-April

    Oat

    Technical name           Avena sativa

    Varities                        Algerian, Agati-2, Palestinian.

    Seed Rate                    35-40 kg/ acre

    Sowing Time               Mid October- December

    Harvesting Time          April –May.

    Maize

    Technical name           Zea mays

    Varities                        Synthetic Varities: Neelam, Sadaf,

    Akbar, Golden, Sultan.

    Hybrid Varities: YHD-444, YHD-555

    Seed Rate                    12-15 kg/ acre

    Sowing Time               Spring(Feb-Mar)

    Autumn(July-August)

    Harvesting Time          When top sheath become brown.

    Sorghum

    Technical name           Sorghum bicolor

    Varities                        JS-100, JS-263, DG-Pearl.                 

    Seed Rate                    8-10kg/ acre

    Sowing Time               March- July

    Harvesting Time          November.

    Bajra

    Technical name           Pennisetum glaucum.

    Varities                        18-BY, Y-84.

    Seed Rate                    1.5-2 kg/ acre

    Sowing Time               15 July-15August.

    Harvesting Time          1st Nov- 15 Nov.

    OIL SEED CROPS

    Rapeseed

    Technical name           Brassica campestris.

    Varities                        Toria, Sarson, DGL.

    Seed Rate                    1.5-2 kg/ acre

    Sowing Time               October-November

    Harvesting Time          When 60% pods are brown.

    Mustard

    Technical name           Brassica juncea

    Brassica carinata.

    Varities                        B-Carinata, LL-84, Taramira, Taramira- AB.

    Seed Rate                    1.5-2 kg/ acre

    Sowing Time               October-November

    Harvesting Time          When 60% pods are brown.

    Groundnut

    Technical name           Arachis hypogaea.

    Varities                        Star-2, Banki,NO-45.

    Seed Rate                   

    Erect:               25-30 kg/ acre                                                

    Spreading:       20-25 kg/ acre

    Sowing Time              

    Punjab:            Mid Feb-April

    Sindh:              May

    Harvesting Time          When pods become brown.

    Sunflower

    Technical name           Helianthus annus.

    Varities                        SF-187, Hysun-33, Hysun-37, SF-177, SH-3322.

    Seed Rate                    2.5-3 kg/ acre

    Sowing Time               Spring(15 Jan-20Feb)

    Autumn(Early Aug-Mid Sept)

    Harvesting Time          Spring(May-June)

    Autumn(Last Week of Nov).

    Sesamum

    Technical name           Sesamum indicum L.

    Varities                        S-17, Punjab, Till-90, T-5.

    Seed Rate                    1 kg/ acre

    Sowing Time               Last Week of June- Mid July.

    Harvesting Time          November-December.

    Castorbean

    Technical name           Ricinus communis.

    Varities                        DS-30(Sindh), C-3(Punjab).

    Seed Rate                    5-6 kg/ acre

    Sowing Time               July-August

    Harvesting Time          After 100-110 days of sowing.

    Linseed

    Technical name           Linium ustitatissimum.

    Varities                        L-1, NO-5, Chandni.

    Seed Rate                    6-8 kg/ acre

    Sowing Time               Mid Oct-Mid Nov.

    Harvesting Time          Last Week of April.

    Soyabean

    Technical name           Glycine max.

    Varities                        Hampton-266-A, Davis, William,

    Bragg.

    Seed Rate                    28-32 kg/ acre

    Sowing Time               Spring:             Mid Feb-Mid Mar

    Autumn:          July-August

    Harvesting Time          Spring:             June

    Autumn:          November.

    Safflower

    Technical name           Cathamus tinctorius.

    Varities                        Thori-78, US-10, S-208, Gila.

    Seed Rate                    8-10 kg/ acre

    Sowing Time               Late Oct- End Nov.

    Harvesting Time          Late May-June.

    PULSES OR GRAIN LEGUMES

    Gram or Chick pea

    Technical name           Cicer arietinum.

    Varities                        CM-72,C-77, PJ-91, Noor-91, Pb-1.

    Seed Rate                    20-25 kg/ acre

    Sowing Time              

    Irrigated Areas:           Early Oct-Nov.                                  

    Barani Areas:              October

    Harvesting Time          Last Wek of March to 1st Week of April.

    Lentil or Masoor

    Technical name           Lens culinaris.

    Varities                        Masoor-85, Masoor-93,No-10.

    Seed Rate                    8-10 kg/ acre

    Sowing Time              

    Irrigated Areas:           Oct-MidNov.   

    Barani Areas:              15 Sept-15 Oct.

    Harvesting Time          Last Week of March to 1st Week of April

    Mashbean

    Technical name           Vigna mungo.

    Varities                        Mash-48, Mash-80, Mash-88.

    Seed Rate                    8-10 kg/ acre

    Sowing Time               Mid June – End of July.

    Harvesting Time          Early October.

    Mungbean

    Technical name           Vigna radiata.

    Varities                        No-6601, NM-19-19, NM-54, NM-20- 21.

    Seed Rate                    8-10 kg/ acre

    Sowing Time               Spring:             Mid Feb- March.

    Autumn:          Mid June- End of July.

    Harvesting Time          Early October.

    Cowpea

    Technical name           Vigna sinesis.

    Varities                        FOS-1, FOS-7, FOS-40.

    Seed Rate                    8-10 kg/ acre

    Sowing Time               June – July.

    Harvesting Time          Early November.

    GREEN MANURE CROPS

    Guara

    Technical name           Cyanopsis tetragonoloba.

    Seed Rate                    Green manure:             8-10 kg/ acre

    Fodder:                       12-13 kg/acre

    Sowing Time               April-July.

    Harvesting Time          Burrying 45-60 days after sowing.

    Senji

    Technical name           Melilotus perviflora.

    Seed Rate                    12-13 kg/acre

    Sowing Time               October-November.

    Harvesting Time          February.

    Arhar

    Technical name           Cajanus cajan.

    Seed Rate                    10 kg/acre

    Sowing Time               May-June

    Harvesting Time          Sept-October.

    Jantar / Dhaincha

    Technical name           Sesbania aculeata.

    Seed Rate                    20 kg/acre

    Sowing Time               March-July.

    Harvesting Time          June- July.

    Sunhemp

    Technical name           Crotalavia juncea.

    Seed Rate                    20 kg/acre

    Sowing Time               July.

    Harvesting Time          Sept.

    FODDER CROPS

    Lucern

    Technical name           Medicago sativa.

    Varities                        Type-8, Type-9, Synthetic-79.

    Seed Rate                    3-4 kg/acre

    Sowing Time               Mid October-Mid November.

    Harvesting Time          8 cuttings-1st after 80-90 days.

    Berseem

    Technical name           Trifolium alexandrinum.

    Varities                        Agaiti Berseem, Pachaiti Berseem.

    Seed Rate                    3-4 kg/acre

    Sowing Time               October

    Harvesting Time          Feb-March.

    Shaftal

    Technical name           Trifolium resupinatum.

    Varities                        Local Varities are sown.

    Seed Rate                    2-3 kg/acre

    Sowing Time               October.

    Harvesting Time          2-3 cuttings-1st in June.

    Senji/ Sweet Clover

    Technical name           Melilotus indica.

    Varities                        FOS-1, Sufaid-79.

    Seed Rate                    12 kg/acre

    Sowing Time               October.

    Harvesting Time          Feb-March.

    Sudan grass

    Technical name           Sorghum bicolor.

    Seed Rate                    8-10 kg/acre

    Sowing Time               March.

    Mott grass

    Technical name           Pennisetum perpureum.

    Seed Rate                    10,000-12,000 cutting/ acre

    Sowing Time               Spring:             Feb-March

    Autumn:          July-August


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