Among all African countries, South Africa is what has the more solid base in agriculture. This country has fertile land and a climate suitable for plant growth, which facilitates the cultivation and exploitation of agriculture as the basis of its economy.
Overall, South Africa produces many agricultural products, both for primary consumption, and for marketing and export of pure seed for later in industrialized countries overseas. People have as their staple food, maize, which is the most planted and harvested in South Africa, reaching 12 million tons a year. After the corn crops are wheat, sunflower, sugar cane, grapes, potatoes and apples for export, mostly, or domestic consumption, to a lesser extent.
The big problem in agriculture in Africa in general as a well established crop in South Africa, is the unequal division of land between the black majority and white minority – inversely proportional to the population that is white has the great part of the land productive. This type of problem began to be remedied by the end of the Apartheid regime, which ended in 1994, but even so, people in power after the end of the regime eventually fail to establish a policy of agrarian reform that could address the urgent inequality between the classes that have the land, and those who work there.
Much of African agriculture is still their own consumption, in which the little surplus is sold or exchanged at local fairs, reaching very little profit for those who can produce enough to sell something after the family consumption. Governments generally do not have many projects to invigorate agriculture – that is, after all, the backbone of the economy in several African countries – and those that exist are not completely effective. The whole process is difficult, going from the roots of African agriculture – initiated by the settlers who worked the land without paying any regard to the Africans who lived there, even people who today have the political and economic power, and they often do not have interest in changing the way things work. Large production and plantations – large estates, mostly – which has competitive power for working with large export industries and marketing of primary products have much interest in perfecting a system of land distribution more equitable and profits.
Africa remains a continent of contrasts, and many of its regions are extremely poor. New farming techniques and creating an output could be interesting for the natives to strengthen its economy and may have a better life and greater dignity.