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AGRICULTURAL PROFILE OF DISTRICT LAHORE




BRIEF HISTORY AND INTRODUCTION:

Lahore district takes its name from its headquarters city, which according to a Hindu legend was founded by Lahu. The son of Raja Ram of Ramayan about 4000 years ago. Historically it has been proved that Lahore is about 2000 years old; ieunH-Tsang, the famous Chinese pilgrim, has given a vivid description of Lahore city which he visited in the early parts of the seventh century A.D. For 200 years, beginning from about 1525 A.D. Lahore was a thriving cultural centre of the great Mughal Empire. Mughal emperors beautified Lahore with palaces, gar­dens and mosques. During the British regime many monuments sprang up in Lahore which blended beautifully with the Mughal gothic and Victorian styles of architecture.

Lahore is the second largest city in Pakistan and the provincial capital of Punjab. Apart from being the cultural and academic centre of the country, Lahore is the Mughal Show Window of Pakistan. The origins of Lahore are shrouded in the mists of antiquity. Reminis­cence of its hoary past are the remains of a sub-terranean temple in the northern part of the Royal Fort, attributed to Lord Rama, the legendary hero of Ramayana. Lying on the main trade and invasion route to the sub-continent, Lahore has been ruled and plundered by a num­ber of dynasties. However it touched the zenith of its glory during the rule of Mughals. The Mughals, who were famous as builders, gave Lahore some of its finest architectural monuments that are extinct today.

The origin of the city of Lahore and its early history is shrouded in mystery. Abu Raihan Muhammad Bin Ahmed Al-Biruni in his Tarikhay Hind, at the time of Muhmud Ghazanavi’s invasion, mentions Lahore. In order to obtain conclusive evidence it was de­cided to use the more dependable method of archaeological excavations in the old fort, situ­ated on the highest point of the city. The upper levels revealed building remains of the British and Sikh period. The Mughal period is marked by intensive building activities. The outstand­ing find from the lower level was a gold coin of Mali mood of Ghazni struck at Ghazni during the time of the Abbas Caliph at Qadir Ballah. Below the pre-Mughal levels the remains of the non-Muslim or Hindu period were encountered. After the 1972 Census of Pakistan, the entire Kasur and Chunian Tehsils were taken away from Lahore district to form Kasur district. The present Lahore district, therefore, consists of two Tehsil viz Lahore city and Lahore Canton­ment.

Source:Wikipedia / GoB officials

Total Area                        205,344 km2 (79,284 sqmi)

Population                       91,379,615

Density                            450/km2 (1,200/ sq mi)

Number of Districts         36

 

AGRICULTURE PROFILE

1.0            DETAILS OF PRIMARY CROPS AND LIVESTOCK

MAIN  CROPS (2008-09)

 

Wheat

Rice

Fruits

Vegetables

Fodder

In Tonnes

155700

83300

27718.0

66443.0

1353600

Area (He)

62300

43800

3230

2865.0

   62400

Tonne / He

2.49

1.90

8.58

23.19

21.69

 

MAIN  LIVESTOCK (2006) (000 Numbers)

 

Cattle

Sheep/Goat

Buffalo

Camel

Number of Heads

135

41/118

403

 

2.0             LAND AREA AND LAND USE

LAND USE

AREA (Ha)

% of Total Distt Area

Total Geographical Area

459

100

Area Reported

178

38.77

Area Under Forest

1

0.21

Not Available for Cultivation

58

12.63

Culturable Waste

5

1.08

Current Fallow (C.F)

33

7.18

Net Sown (N.S)

81

17.64

Area Sown more than once (A.S.M.T.O)

103

22.44

Net Cultivated Area (C.F + N.S)

114

Net Cropped Area (N.S + A.S.M.T.O)

184

Source: Irrigation Department

2.1       CLIMATE

                                                                                                                                                      (In MM/ºC)

AVERAGE RAINFALL & TEMPERATURES

MONTHS

 

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Aver.

Mean

Rainfall

1

5

5

6

1

1

3.16

Max. Temp.

18

22

28

34

39

38

35

34

34

32

27

22

30.25

Min. Temp.

6

10

14

19

24

27

27

26

24

18

12

7

17.83

Source: Water Resource Department

 

2.2       AGRICULTURE STATISTICS

 

CROP

Area (Ha)

Production (Tonnes)

Yield T/Ha

07-08

08-09

07-08

08-09

07-08

08-09

Wheat

57900

62300

141800

155700

2.44

2.49

Rice

34000

43800

62900

83300

1.85

1.90

Fodder

67900

62400

1405300

1353600

20.69

21.69

Fruits

3359.0

3230.0

29019.0

27718.0

8.63

8.58

Vegetables

3229.0

2865.0

52029.0

66443.0

16.11

23.19

Source: Agriculture Statistics

 

MAJOR GRAINS, FRUITS &VEGETABLES

 

S.NO

CATEGORY

NAMES

A.

GRAINS

Wheat, rice, maize, millet, barley

1

Oil seeds

Sunflower , sugar beet.Sunhemp, rape seed, linseed

2.

Pulses

Mash , masoor , gram, moong,

3.

Fodder

Barley, maize, Sorghum, Millet, Alfalfa,

B.

FRUITS

Citerus, guava, date palm, mango, jaman,

C.

VEGETABLES

Garlic, onion, radish, potato, carrot, spinach, cauliflower

D.

OTHER

Jantar, guara, ornamenta trees.

Source: Agriculture Statistics

2.2.1    VEGETABLES

 

Vegetable

Area (Hectare)

Production (000 Tonnes)

07-08

08-09

07-08

08-09

Chilli

53.0

50.0

94.0

94.0

Coriander

4.0

5.0

2.0

2.0

Garlic

46.0

57.0

339.0

415.0

Ginger

0

0

0

0

Onion

255.0

251.0

1819.0

1814.0

Sugar beet

0

0

0

0

Tomato

79.0

73.0

764.0

739.0

Potato

2792.0

2429.0

49011.0

63379.0

Source: Agriculture Statistics

2.2.2    FRUITS

Vegetable

Area (Hectare)

Production (Tonnes)

07-08

08-09

07-08

08-09

Apple

0

0

0

0

Apricot

0

0

0

0

Banana

30.0

28.0

157.0

143.0

Citrus

1580.0

1500.0

12932.0

12167.0

Dates

0

0

0

0

Grapes

0

0

0

0

Guava

1264.0

1220.0

10961.0

10419.0

Mango

478.0

475.0

4933.0

4952.0

Plums

0

0

0

0

Pomegranate

0

0

0

0

Peach

7.0

7.0

36.0

37.0

Pear

0

0

0

0

 

 

2.3       IRRIGATIONS SCHEMS AND THEIR OUTPUTS

(Thousand hectare)

 

Irrigation Scheme

Irrigated Area (Ha)

Non Irrigated Area

Total area sown

09-10

09-10

169

Canal

40

4

Wells

20

 

Tube Wells

22

 

Canal wells

11

 

Canal tube wells

72

 

Total

165

 

Source: Irrigation Department 

2.4       LIVESTOCK

                                                              (Numbers)

Livestock

2006

Census

Mules

4207

Horses

8599

Donkeys

71364

Camels

112

Bullocks

40069

Male buffalos

1640

Female buffalos

1427

Cows

458

Total

127876

Source: Department of Agriculture & Livestock

 

2.5       ANIMAL SLAUGHTERED

(00 Numbers)

 

Livestock

2009-10

Cattle / Cows

349

Sheep

2798

Goat

5171

Other

1

Buffalo

629

Total

8948

Source: Department of Agriculture & Livestock

2.6 VETERINARY INSTITUTION

Veterinary Institution

2009-10

Hospitals

38

Dispensaries

49

A.I. Centre

118

A.I. Centre stands for Artificial Insemination Centre

D.I.L. Unit Stands for Disease Investigation Laboratory Units

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