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AGRICULTURAL PROFILE OF DISTRICT LAHORE




  • BRIEF HISTORY AND INTRODUCTION:

    Lahore district takes its name from its headquarters city, which according to a Hindu legend was founded by Lahu. The son of Raja Ram of Ramayan about 4000 years ago. Historically it has been proved that Lahore is about 2000 years old; ieunH-Tsang, the famous Chinese pilgrim, has given a vivid description of Lahore city which he visited in the early parts of the seventh century A.D. For 200 years, beginning from about 1525 A.D. Lahore was a thriving cultural centre of the great Mughal Empire. Mughal emperors beautified Lahore with palaces, gar­dens and mosques. During the British regime many monuments sprang up in Lahore which blended beautifully with the Mughal gothic and Victorian styles of architecture.

    Lahore is the second largest city in Pakistan and the provincial capital of Punjab. Apart from being the cultural and academic centre of the country, Lahore is the Mughal Show Window of Pakistan. The origins of Lahore are shrouded in the mists of antiquity. Reminis­cence of its hoary past are the remains of a sub-terranean temple in the northern part of the Royal Fort, attributed to Lord Rama, the legendary hero of Ramayana. Lying on the main trade and invasion route to the sub-continent, Lahore has been ruled and plundered by a num­ber of dynasties. However it touched the zenith of its glory during the rule of Mughals. The Mughals, who were famous as builders, gave Lahore some of its finest architectural monuments that are extinct today.

    The origin of the city of Lahore and its early history is shrouded in mystery. Abu Raihan Muhammad Bin Ahmed Al-Biruni in his Tarikhay Hind, at the time of Muhmud Ghazanavi’s invasion, mentions Lahore. In order to obtain conclusive evidence it was de­cided to use the more dependable method of archaeological excavations in the old fort, situ­ated on the highest point of the city. The upper levels revealed building remains of the British and Sikh period. The Mughal period is marked by intensive building activities. The outstand­ing find from the lower level was a gold coin of Mali mood of Ghazni struck at Ghazni during the time of the Abbas Caliph at Qadir Ballah. Below the pre-Mughal levels the remains of the non-Muslim or Hindu period were encountered. After the 1972 Census of Pakistan, the entire Kasur and Chunian Tehsils were taken away from Lahore district to form Kasur district. The present Lahore district, therefore, consists of two Tehsil viz Lahore city and Lahore Canton­ment.

    Source:Wikipedia / GoB officials

    Total Area                        205,344 km2 (79,284 sqmi)

    Population                       91,379,615

    Density                            450/km2 (1,200/ sq mi)

    Number of Districts         36

     

    AGRICULTURE PROFILE

    1.0            DETAILS OF PRIMARY CROPS AND LIVESTOCK

    MAIN  CROPS (2008-09)

     

    Wheat

    Rice

    Fruits

    Vegetables

    Fodder

    In Tonnes

    155700

    83300

    27718.0

    66443.0

    1353600

    Area (He)

    62300

    43800

    3230

    2865.0

       62400

    Tonne / He

    2.49

    1.90

    8.58

    23.19

    21.69

     

    MAIN  LIVESTOCK (2006) (000 Numbers)

     

    Cattle

    Sheep/Goat

    Buffalo

    Camel

    Number of Heads

    135

    41/118

    403

     

    2.0             LAND AREA AND LAND USE

    LAND USE

    AREA (Ha)

    % of Total Distt Area

    Total Geographical Area

    459

    100

    Area Reported

    178

    38.77

    Area Under Forest

    1

    0.21

    Not Available for Cultivation

    58

    12.63

    Culturable Waste

    5

    1.08

    Current Fallow (C.F)

    33

    7.18

    Net Sown (N.S)

    81

    17.64

    Area Sown more than once (A.S.M.T.O)

    103

    22.44

    Net Cultivated Area (C.F + N.S)

    114

    Net Cropped Area (N.S + A.S.M.T.O)

    184

    Source: Irrigation Department

    2.1       CLIMATE

                                                                                                                                                          (In MM/ºC)

    AVERAGE RAINFALL & TEMPERATURES

    MONTHS

     

    J

    F

    M

    A

    M

    J

    J

    A

    S

    O

    N

    D

    Aver.

    Mean

    Rainfall

    1

    5

    5

    6

    1

    1

    3.16

    Max. Temp.

    18

    22

    28

    34

    39

    38

    35

    34

    34

    32

    27

    22

    30.25

    Min. Temp.

    6

    10

    14

    19

    24

    27

    27

    26

    24

    18

    12

    7

    17.83

    Source: Water Resource Department

     

    2.2       AGRICULTURE STATISTICS

     

    CROP

    Area (Ha)

    Production (Tonnes)

    Yield T/Ha

    07-08

    08-09

    07-08

    08-09

    07-08

    08-09

    Wheat

    57900

    62300

    141800

    155700

    2.44

    2.49

    Rice

    34000

    43800

    62900

    83300

    1.85

    1.90

    Fodder

    67900

    62400

    1405300

    1353600

    20.69

    21.69

    Fruits

    3359.0

    3230.0

    29019.0

    27718.0

    8.63

    8.58

    Vegetables

    3229.0

    2865.0

    52029.0

    66443.0

    16.11

    23.19

    Source: Agriculture Statistics

     

    MAJOR GRAINS, FRUITS &VEGETABLES

     

    S.NO

    CATEGORY

    NAMES

    A.

    GRAINS

    Wheat, rice, maize, millet, barley

    1

    Oil seeds

    Sunflower , sugar beet.Sunhemp, rape seed, linseed

    2.

    Pulses

    Mash , masoor , gram, moong,

    3.

    Fodder

    Barley, maize, Sorghum, Millet, Alfalfa,

    B.

    FRUITS

    Citerus, guava, date palm, mango, jaman,

    C.

    VEGETABLES

    Garlic, onion, radish, potato, carrot, spinach, cauliflower

    D.

    OTHER

    Jantar, guara, ornamenta trees.

    Source: Agriculture Statistics

    2.2.1    VEGETABLES

     

    Vegetable

    Area (Hectare)

    Production (000 Tonnes)

    07-08

    08-09

    07-08

    08-09

    Chilli

    53.0

    50.0

    94.0

    94.0

    Coriander

    4.0

    5.0

    2.0

    2.0

    Garlic

    46.0

    57.0

    339.0

    415.0

    Ginger

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Onion

    255.0

    251.0

    1819.0

    1814.0

    Sugar beet

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Tomato

    79.0

    73.0

    764.0

    739.0

    Potato

    2792.0

    2429.0

    49011.0

    63379.0

    Source: Agriculture Statistics

    2.2.2    FRUITS

    Vegetable

    Area (Hectare)

    Production (Tonnes)

    07-08

    08-09

    07-08

    08-09

    Apple

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Apricot

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Banana

    30.0

    28.0

    157.0

    143.0

    Citrus

    1580.0

    1500.0

    12932.0

    12167.0

    Dates

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Grapes

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Guava

    1264.0

    1220.0

    10961.0

    10419.0

    Mango

    478.0

    475.0

    4933.0

    4952.0

    Plums

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Pomegranate

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Peach

    7.0

    7.0

    36.0

    37.0

    Pear

    0

    0

    0

    0

     

     

    2.3       IRRIGATIONS SCHEMS AND THEIR OUTPUTS

    (Thousand hectare)

     

    Irrigation Scheme

    Irrigated Area (Ha)

    Non Irrigated Area

    Total area sown

    09-10

    09-10

    169

    Canal

    40

    4

    Wells

    20

     

    Tube Wells

    22

     

    Canal wells

    11

     

    Canal tube wells

    72

     

    Total

    165

     

    Source: Irrigation Department 

    2.4       LIVESTOCK

                                                                  (Numbers)

    Livestock

    2006

    Census

    Mules

    4207

    Horses

    8599

    Donkeys

    71364

    Camels

    112

    Bullocks

    40069

    Male buffalos

    1640

    Female buffalos

    1427

    Cows

    458

    Total

    127876

    Source: Department of Agriculture & Livestock

     

    2.5       ANIMAL SLAUGHTERED

    (00 Numbers)

     

    Livestock

    2009-10

    Cattle / Cows

    349

    Sheep

    2798

    Goat

    5171

    Other

    1

    Buffalo

    629

    Total

    8948

    Source: Department of Agriculture & Livestock

    2.6 VETERINARY INSTITUTION

    Veterinary Institution

    2009-10

    Hospitals

    38

    Dispensaries

    49

    A.I. Centre

    118

    A.I. Centre stands for Artificial Insemination Centre

    D.I.L. Unit Stands for Disease Investigation Laboratory Units

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