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AGRICULTURAL PROFILE OF DISTRICT KHANEWAL




  • BRIEF HISTORY AND INTRODUCTION:

    K

    hanewal has a rich and vibrant history which can be traced back to the early 1900s. Khanewal is famous for its cotton growing industry. Daha are regarded as the initial settlers and founders of Khanewal. Khagga is the largest caste of Khanewal.

    Historically Khanewal is an old city having its earliest foundations laid by the British Empire owing to its importance as a railway junction. The city was a junction of the Wazirabad-Khanewal railway line and provided a connection to the city of Karachi via Lahore. Its straight roads show that it is a well planned town by the British people. The earliest settlers are said to be the Dahas who have the ‘Khan’ in their names and the city was named after them as Khan-e-wal. Khanewal was declared district in 1985. Most of the Niazi pathan migrants are living in Khanewal.

    The District Khanewal comprises four tehsiles, namely Khanewal,Kabir Wala, Jahanian and Mian Channu.It is an agricultural city and is located in Pakistan’s ‘Cotton belt’ – an area covering Khanewal, Multan and Bahawalnagar. Over the last forty to fifty years industry has also been established in and around the city. Sir William Roberts established cotton trading and ginning installations in the area known as Brooke Bond which is now called Unilever, a company that specialises in making tea.There are over 900 workers employed by Unilever.

                The people of Khanewal are mostly engaged in agricultural activities which are the main source of income for the people of the district. Other industries in Khanewal include chemical production and oil extraction.

    Source: Wikipedia / GoB officials

    Total Area                        205,344 km2 (79,284 sqmi)

    Population                       91,379,615

    Density                            450/km2 (1,200/ sq mi)

    Number of Districts         36

     

    AGRICULTURE PROFILE

    DETAILS OF PRIMARY CROPS AND LIVESTOCK

    MAIN  CROPS (2008-09)

     

    Wheat

    Rice

    Fruits

    Vegetables

    Fodder

    In Tonnes

    714300

    57500

    254957

    92056

    1926900

    Area (He)

    229500

    30400

    22488

    8037

    79600

    Tonne / He

    3.11

    1.89

    11.33

    11.45

    24.20

     

    MAIN  LIVESTOCK (2006) (000 numbers)

     

    Cattle

    Sheep/Goat

    Buffalo

    Camel

    Number of Heads

    424

    156/712

    566

    0.171

    LAND AREA AND LAND USE 

    Source: Irrigation Department

    2.1       CLIMATE                                                                                                                                                      (In MM/ºC)

    AVERAGE RAINFALL & TEMPERATURES

    MONTHS

     

    J

    F

    M

    A

    M

    J

    J

    A

    S

    O

    N

    D

    Aver.

    Mean

    Rainfall

    15

    35

    24

    13

    18

    48

    138

    84

    43

    9

    11

    9

    37.25

    Max. Temp.

    19

    22

    27

    33

    39

    39

    35

    35

    34

    32

    27

    21

    30.25

    Min. Temp.

    7

    11

    16

    20

    26

    28

    27

    27

    25

    20

    14

    8

    19.08

     

    2.2       AGRICULTURE STATISTICS 

    Crop

    Area(Ha)

    Production (Tonnes)

    Yield T/Ha

     

    2007-08

    2008-09

    2007-08

    2008-09

    2007-08

    2008-09

    Wheat

    211600

    229500

    567300

    714300

    2.68

    3.11

    Rice

    22700

    30400

    40200

    57500

    1.77

    1.89

    Fodder

    80300

    79600

    1895400

    1926900

    23.60

    24.20

    Fruits

    22538

    22488

    248295

    254957

    11.01

    11.33

    Vegetables

    8726

    8037

    89855

    92056

    10.29

    11.45

    MAJOR GRAINS, FRUITS &VEGETABLES

    S.NO

    CATEGORY

    NAMES

    A.

    GRAINS

    Wheat, Rice, Maize.

    1

    Oil seeds

    Rape Seed, Mustard, Sesamum, Canola, Sunflower.

    2.

    Pulses

    Moong, Mash, Moth.

    3.

    Fodder

    Lucern, Jowar, Bajra, Maize.

    B.

    FRUITS

    Mango, Citrus, Guava, Water Melon, Musk Melon, Peach, Phalsa and Bananas.

    C.

    VEGETABLES

    Tomato, Onion, Lady Finder, Tinda, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Carrot, Potato, Pumpkin, Cauliflower, Brinjal,

    D.

    OTHER

    Chillies, Coriander, Garlic, Cotton, Sugarcane.

    Source: Agriculture Statistics 

    2.2.1    VEGETABLES 

    Vegetable

    Area (Hectare)

    Production (Tonnes)

    07-08

    08-09

    07-08

    08-09

    Chilli

    384

    405

    656

    709

    Coriander

    19

    21

    13

    15

    Garlic

    142

    150

    1698

    1873

    Ginger

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Onion

    3359

    2711

    11081

    12266

    Sugar beet

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Tomato

    223

    263

    2628

    3154

    Potato

    4599

    4487

    73779

    74039

    Source: Agriculture Statistics

    2.2.2    FRUITS 

    FRUITS

    Area (Hectare)

    Production (Tonnes)

    07-08

    08-09

    07-08

    08-09

    Apple

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Apricot

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Banana

    234

    232

    1592

    1553

    Citrus

    6711

    6612

    80187

    84033

    Dates

    13

    13

    78

    74

    Grapes

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Guava

    2347

    2317

    19976

    19484

    Mango

    13233

    13314

    146462

    149813

    Plums

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Pomegranate

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Peach

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Pear

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Source: Agriculture Statistics 

    2.3       IRRIGATIONS SCHEMS AND THEIR OUTPUTS (000 Ha) 

    Irrigation Scheme

    Irrigated Area

    Non Irrigated Area

    Total area sown

    09-10

    09-10

    572

    Canal

    27

     

    Wells

    2

     

    Tube Wells

    38

     

    Canal wells

    4

     

    Canal tube wells

    499

     

    Total

    570

    2

    Source: Irrigation Department

    2.4       LIVESTOCK (Numbers) 

    Livestock

    2006

    Census

    Mules

    290

    Horses

    2383

    Donkeys

    16115

    Camels

    171

    Bullocks

    13876

    Male buffalos

    112

    Female buffalos

    135

    Cows

    Total

    33082

             Source: Department of Agriculture & Livestock 

    2.5  ANIMAL SLAUGHTERED (hundred numbers) 

    Livestock

    2009-10

    Cattle / Cows

    188

    Sheep

    243

    Goat

    968

    Others

    Buffalows

    178

    Total

    1577

             Source: Department of Agriculture & Livestock 

    2.6  VETERINARY INSTITUTION

    Veterinary Institution

    2009-10

    Hospitals

    10

    Dispensaries

    15

    A.I. Centre

    57

     A.I. Centre stands for Artificial Insemination Centre

    D.I.L. Unit Stands for Disease Investigation Laboratory Units

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