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AGRICULTURAL PROFILE OF DISTRICT KHANEWAL




BRIEF HISTORY AND INTRODUCTION:

K

hanewal has a rich and vibrant history which can be traced back to the early 1900s. Khanewal is famous for its cotton growing industry. Daha are regarded as the initial settlers and founders of Khanewal. Khagga is the largest caste of Khanewal.

Historically Khanewal is an old city having its earliest foundations laid by the British Empire owing to its importance as a railway junction. The city was a junction of the Wazirabad-Khanewal railway line and provided a connection to the city of Karachi via Lahore. Its straight roads show that it is a well planned town by the British people. The earliest settlers are said to be the Dahas who have the ‘Khan’ in their names and the city was named after them as Khan-e-wal. Khanewal was declared district in 1985. Most of the Niazi pathan migrants are living in Khanewal.

The District Khanewal comprises four tehsiles, namely Khanewal,Kabir Wala, Jahanian and Mian Channu.It is an agricultural city and is located in Pakistan’s ‘Cotton belt’ – an area covering Khanewal, Multan and Bahawalnagar. Over the last forty to fifty years industry has also been established in and around the city. Sir William Roberts established cotton trading and ginning installations in the area known as Brooke Bond which is now called Unilever, a company that specialises in making tea.There are over 900 workers employed by Unilever.

            The people of Khanewal are mostly engaged in agricultural activities which are the main source of income for the people of the district. Other industries in Khanewal include chemical production and oil extraction.

Source: Wikipedia / GoB officials

Total Area                        205,344 km2 (79,284 sqmi)

Population                       91,379,615

Density                            450/km2 (1,200/ sq mi)

Number of Districts         36

 

AGRICULTURE PROFILE

DETAILS OF PRIMARY CROPS AND LIVESTOCK

MAIN  CROPS (2008-09)

 

Wheat

Rice

Fruits

Vegetables

Fodder

In Tonnes

714300

57500

254957

92056

1926900

Area (He)

229500

30400

22488

8037

79600

Tonne / He

3.11

1.89

11.33

11.45

24.20

 

MAIN  LIVESTOCK (2006) (000 numbers)

 

Cattle

Sheep/Goat

Buffalo

Camel

Number of Heads

424

156/712

566

0.171

LAND AREA AND LAND USE 

Source: Irrigation Department

2.1       CLIMATE                                                                                                                                                      (In MM/ºC)

AVERAGE RAINFALL & TEMPERATURES

MONTHS

 

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Aver.

Mean

Rainfall

15

35

24

13

18

48

138

84

43

9

11

9

37.25

Max. Temp.

19

22

27

33

39

39

35

35

34

32

27

21

30.25

Min. Temp.

7

11

16

20

26

28

27

27

25

20

14

8

19.08

 

2.2       AGRICULTURE STATISTICS 

Crop

Area(Ha)

Production (Tonnes)

Yield T/Ha

 

2007-08

2008-09

2007-08

2008-09

2007-08

2008-09

Wheat

211600

229500

567300

714300

2.68

3.11

Rice

22700

30400

40200

57500

1.77

1.89

Fodder

80300

79600

1895400

1926900

23.60

24.20

Fruits

22538

22488

248295

254957

11.01

11.33

Vegetables

8726

8037

89855

92056

10.29

11.45

MAJOR GRAINS, FRUITS &VEGETABLES

S.NO

CATEGORY

NAMES

A.

GRAINS

Wheat, Rice, Maize.

1

Oil seeds

Rape Seed, Mustard, Sesamum, Canola, Sunflower.

2.

Pulses

Moong, Mash, Moth.

3.

Fodder

Lucern, Jowar, Bajra, Maize.

B.

FRUITS

Mango, Citrus, Guava, Water Melon, Musk Melon, Peach, Phalsa and Bananas.

C.

VEGETABLES

Tomato, Onion, Lady Finder, Tinda, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Carrot, Potato, Pumpkin, Cauliflower, Brinjal,

D.

OTHER

Chillies, Coriander, Garlic, Cotton, Sugarcane.

Source: Agriculture Statistics 

2.2.1    VEGETABLES 

Vegetable

Area (Hectare)

Production (Tonnes)

07-08

08-09

07-08

08-09

Chilli

384

405

656

709

Coriander

19

21

13

15

Garlic

142

150

1698

1873

Ginger

0

0

0

0

Onion

3359

2711

11081

12266

Sugar beet

0

0

0

0

Tomato

223

263

2628

3154

Potato

4599

4487

73779

74039

Source: Agriculture Statistics

2.2.2    FRUITS 

FRUITS

Area (Hectare)

Production (Tonnes)

07-08

08-09

07-08

08-09

Apple

0

0

0

0

Apricot

0

0

0

0

Banana

234

232

1592

1553

Citrus

6711

6612

80187

84033

Dates

13

13

78

74

Grapes

0

0

0

0

Guava

2347

2317

19976

19484

Mango

13233

13314

146462

149813

Plums

0

0

0

0

Pomegranate

0

0

0

0

Peach

0

0

0

0

Pear

0

0

0

0

Source: Agriculture Statistics 

2.3       IRRIGATIONS SCHEMS AND THEIR OUTPUTS (000 Ha) 

Irrigation Scheme

Irrigated Area

Non Irrigated Area

Total area sown

09-10

09-10

572

Canal

27

 

Wells

2

 

Tube Wells

38

 

Canal wells

4

 

Canal tube wells

499

 

Total

570

2

Source: Irrigation Department

2.4       LIVESTOCK (Numbers) 

Livestock

2006

Census

Mules

290

Horses

2383

Donkeys

16115

Camels

171

Bullocks

13876

Male buffalos

112

Female buffalos

135

Cows

Total

33082

         Source: Department of Agriculture & Livestock 

2.5  ANIMAL SLAUGHTERED (hundred numbers) 

Livestock

2009-10

Cattle / Cows

188

Sheep

243

Goat

968

Others

Buffalows

178

Total

1577

         Source: Department of Agriculture & Livestock 

2.6  VETERINARY INSTITUTION

Veterinary Institution

2009-10

Hospitals

10

Dispensaries

15

A.I. Centre

57

 A.I. Centre stands for Artificial Insemination Centre

D.I.L. Unit Stands for Disease Investigation Laboratory Units

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