BRIEF HISTORY AND INTRODUCTION

Kasur District or Qasur District , is one of the districts in the province of Punjab, Pakistan It came into existence on 1 July 1976. Earlier it was part of Lahore District. The district capital is Kasur city, the birth city of the Sufi poet Bulleh Shah, well known in that region as well as in the whole of Pakistan. The total area of the district is 3,995 square kilometres. In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of northern Punjab region. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to so called missionarySufi saints & their swords the landscape of Punjab region. Under Mughal rule, the city flourished and was notable for commerce and trade. After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh invaded and occupied Kasur District. Under the British Raj, the irrigation canals were built that irrigated large areas of the Kasur District. The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs were forced to migrate to India while the Muslim refugees Muhajir people from India settled in the Kasur District.

According to the 1998 census, the total population of the district is 2,376,000. Of this 97% are Muslims, 2% are Christians while the rest are Ahmadis, Hindus and scheduled castes. The 22.78% of the population lived in the urban areas. The district is administratively subdivided into 4 tehsils[3] and 141 Union Councils

The district is bounded by the Ravi River in the north-west and river Sutlej in the south-east. Whereas the old course of Beas River bifurcates the district into two equal parts locally known as Hither and Uthar or Mithan Majh. Both of the areas have a height differential of approximately 5.5 meters. The natural surface elevation of the district is 198 meters above the sea level, having a general slope from north-east to south- west. Whereas the east and west ends of the district comprise the flood plains of the rivers Satluj and Ravi, characterized by breaching of looping river Channels braided around meander bars.

Topographically speaking, Kasur District lies between the river Satluj which flows along its boundaries with India and river Ravi which flows its boundary with Sheikhupura District. The districts may be divided into two parts, a low lying or riverine area along the two bordering rivers and upland, away from the rivers. The riverine area is generally inundates during monsoon season. The water level in this area is higher than in the upland. The soil is sandy. The upland is flat plains sloping from north-west to south-west. The general height of the area is from 150 to 200 meters above the sea level.

Source: Wikipedia / GoB officials

 AGRICULTURE PROFILE

2       DETAILS OF PRIMARY CROPS AND LIVESTOCK

 

MAIN  CROPS (2008-09)

 

Wheat

Rice

Fruits

Vegetables

Fodder

In Tonnes

577400

179800

66850

4057481

2391400

Area (He)

194200

90200

8299

20360

122900

Tonne / He

2.98

1.99

8.05

199.29

19.45

 

MAIN  LIVESTOCK (2006) thousand number

 

Cattle

Sheep/Goat

Buffalo

Camel

Number of Heads

390

465

1085

 

LAND AREA AND LAND USE

 

LAND USE

AREA (Ha)

% of Total Distt Area

Total Geographical Area

1128

100

Area Reported

469

41.57

Area Under Forest

6

0.53

Not Available for Cultivation

76

6.73

Culturable Waste

26

2.30

Current Fallow (C.F)

12

1.06

Net Sown (N.S)

349

30.93

Area Sown more than once (A.S.M.T.O)

190

16.84

Net Cultivated Area (C.F + N.S)

361

Net Cropped Area (N.S + A.S.M.T.O)

539

Source: Irrigation Department

 

2.1       CLIMATE

                                                                                                                                                      (In MM/ºC)

AVERAGE RAINFALL & TEMPERATURES

MONTHS

 

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Aver.

Mean

Rainfall

3

1

3

5

6

60

1

6

10.62

Max. Temp.

18

23

27

33

37

38

35

34

33

32

27

21

29.83

Min. Temp.

6

10

14

19

23

26

27

26

23

18

10

7

17.41

 2.2       AGRICULTURE STATISTICS

Crop

Area (Ha)

Production (Tonnes)

Yield T/Ha

 

2007-08

2008-09

2007-08

2008-09

2007-08

2008-09

Wheat

180100

194200

486200

577400

2.69

2.97

Rice

90200

179800

1.99

Fodder

134900

122900

2503200

2391400

18.55

19.45

Fruits

8748

8299

72392

66850

8.28

8.05

Vegetables

16723

20360

291461

4057481

17.49

199.29

 MAJOR GRAINS, FRUITS &VEGETABLES

 

S.NO

CATEGORY

NAMES

A.

GRAINS

Wheat, Rice, Maize

1

Oil seeds

Rape Seed, Mustard, Sesamum, Canola, Sunflower.

2.

Pulses

Moong, Mash, Moth.

3.

Fodder

Lucern, Jowar, Bajra.

B.

FRUITS

Mango, Citrus, Guava, Water Melon, Musk Melon.

C.

VEGETABLES

Tomato, Onion, Lady Finder, Tinda, Radish, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Carrot, Bitter & Bottle Gourd, Potato, Pumpkin, Cauliflower, Brinjal,

D.

OTHER

Chillies, Coriander, Garlic, Turnip

Source: Agriculture Statistics 

2.2.1    VEGETABLES 

Vegetable

Area (Hectare)

Production (Tonnes)

07-08

08-09

07-08

08-09

Chilli

445.0

465.0

760.0

816.0

Coriander

73.0

71.0

35.0

33.0

Garlic

324.0

304.0

2538.0

2379.0

Ginger

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Onion

2630.0

2711.0

19409.0

21256

Sugar beet

0.0

0.0

30.0

33.0

Tomato

89.0

93.0

1681.0

1863.0

Potato

13162.0

16716.0

267008.0

4031101.0

Source: Agriculture Statistics 

2.2.2    FRUITS 

Fruits

Area (Hectare)

Production (Tonnes)

07-08

08-09

07-08

08-09

Apple

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Apricot

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Banana

65.0

54.0

290.0

251.0

Citrus

4483.0

4290.0

33924.0

32045.0

Dates

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Grapes

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Guava

3601.0

3359.0

32413.0

28871.0

Mango

542.0

542.0

5352

5302

Plums

40.0

37.0

314.0

282.0

Pomegranate

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Peach

17

17

99

99

Pear

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Source: Agriculture Statistics

 

2.3       IRRIGATIONS SCHEMS AND THEIR OUTPUTS (Thousand hectares)

 

 

Irrigation Scheme

Irrigated Area (Ha)

Non Irrigated Area

Total area sown

09-10

09-10

540

Canal

216

 

Wells

10

 

Tube Wells

99

 

Canal wells

4

 

Canal tube wells

209

 

Total

538

2

Source: Irrigation Department             

 

2.4       LIVESTOCK (Number)

 

Livestock

2006 Census

Mules

3680

Horses

4444

Donkeys

42173

Camels

Bullocks

3733

Male buffaloes

176

Female Buffaloes

226

Cows

20

Total

54452

         Source: Department of Agriculture & Livestock

2.5       ANIMAL SLAUGHTERED (00 numbers)

 

Livestock

2009-10

Cattle / Cows

104

Sheep

286

Goat

383

Others

Buffalos

209

Total

982

Source: Department of Agriculture & Livestock

 

 

2.6VETERINARY INSTITUTION

 

Veterinary Institution

2009-10

Hospitals

13

Dispensaries

69

A.I. Centre

43

 A.I. Centre stands for Artificial Insemination Centre

D.I.L. Unit Stands for Disease Investigation Laboratory Units

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