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AGRICULTURAL PROFILE OF DISTRICT KASUR




  • BRIEF HISTORY AND INTRODUCTION

    Kasur District or Qasur District , is one of the districts in the province of Punjab, Pakistan It came into existence on 1 July 1976. Earlier it was part of Lahore District. The district capital is Kasur city, the birth city of the Sufi poet Bulleh Shah, well known in that region as well as in the whole of Pakistan. The total area of the district is 3,995 square kilometres. In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of northern Punjab region. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to so called missionarySufi saints & their swords the landscape of Punjab region. Under Mughal rule, the city flourished and was notable for commerce and trade. After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh invaded and occupied Kasur District. Under the British Raj, the irrigation canals were built that irrigated large areas of the Kasur District. The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs were forced to migrate to India while the Muslim refugees Muhajir people from India settled in the Kasur District.

    According to the 1998 census, the total population of the district is 2,376,000. Of this 97% are Muslims, 2% are Christians while the rest are Ahmadis, Hindus and scheduled castes. The 22.78% of the population lived in the urban areas. The district is administratively subdivided into 4 tehsils[3] and 141 Union Councils

    The district is bounded by the Ravi River in the north-west and river Sutlej in the south-east. Whereas the old course of Beas River bifurcates the district into two equal parts locally known as Hither and Uthar or Mithan Majh. Both of the areas have a height differential of approximately 5.5 meters. The natural surface elevation of the district is 198 meters above the sea level, having a general slope from north-east to south- west. Whereas the east and west ends of the district comprise the flood plains of the rivers Satluj and Ravi, characterized by breaching of looping river Channels braided around meander bars.

    Topographically speaking, Kasur District lies between the river Satluj which flows along its boundaries with India and river Ravi which flows its boundary with Sheikhupura District. The districts may be divided into two parts, a low lying or riverine area along the two bordering rivers and upland, away from the rivers. The riverine area is generally inundates during monsoon season. The water level in this area is higher than in the upland. The soil is sandy. The upland is flat plains sloping from north-west to south-west. The general height of the area is from 150 to 200 meters above the sea level.

    Source: Wikipedia / GoB officials

     AGRICULTURE PROFILE

    2       DETAILS OF PRIMARY CROPS AND LIVESTOCK

     

    MAIN  CROPS (2008-09)

     

    Wheat

    Rice

    Fruits

    Vegetables

    Fodder

    In Tonnes

    577400

    179800

    66850

    4057481

    2391400

    Area (He)

    194200

    90200

    8299

    20360

    122900

    Tonne / He

    2.98

    1.99

    8.05

    199.29

    19.45

     

    MAIN  LIVESTOCK (2006) thousand number

     

    Cattle

    Sheep/Goat

    Buffalo

    Camel

    Number of Heads

    390

    465

    1085

     

    LAND AREA AND LAND USE

     

    LAND USE

    AREA (Ha)

    % of Total Distt Area

    Total Geographical Area

    1128

    100

    Area Reported

    469

    41.57

    Area Under Forest

    6

    0.53

    Not Available for Cultivation

    76

    6.73

    Culturable Waste

    26

    2.30

    Current Fallow (C.F)

    12

    1.06

    Net Sown (N.S)

    349

    30.93

    Area Sown more than once (A.S.M.T.O)

    190

    16.84

    Net Cultivated Area (C.F + N.S)

    361

    Net Cropped Area (N.S + A.S.M.T.O)

    539

    Source: Irrigation Department

     

    2.1       CLIMATE

                                                                                                                                                          (In MM/ºC)

    AVERAGE RAINFALL & TEMPERATURES

    MONTHS

     

    J

    F

    M

    A

    M

    J

    J

    A

    S

    O

    N

    D

    Aver.

    Mean

    Rainfall

    3

    1

    3

    5

    6

    60

    1

    6

    10.62

    Max. Temp.

    18

    23

    27

    33

    37

    38

    35

    34

    33

    32

    27

    21

    29.83

    Min. Temp.

    6

    10

    14

    19

    23

    26

    27

    26

    23

    18

    10

    7

    17.41

     2.2       AGRICULTURE STATISTICS

    Crop

    Area (Ha)

    Production (Tonnes)

    Yield T/Ha

     

    2007-08

    2008-09

    2007-08

    2008-09

    2007-08

    2008-09

    Wheat

    180100

    194200

    486200

    577400

    2.69

    2.97

    Rice

    90200

    179800

    1.99

    Fodder

    134900

    122900

    2503200

    2391400

    18.55

    19.45

    Fruits

    8748

    8299

    72392

    66850

    8.28

    8.05

    Vegetables

    16723

    20360

    291461

    4057481

    17.49

    199.29

     MAJOR GRAINS, FRUITS &VEGETABLES

     

    S.NO

    CATEGORY

    NAMES

    A.

    GRAINS

    Wheat, Rice, Maize

    1

    Oil seeds

    Rape Seed, Mustard, Sesamum, Canola, Sunflower.

    2.

    Pulses

    Moong, Mash, Moth.

    3.

    Fodder

    Lucern, Jowar, Bajra.

    B.

    FRUITS

    Mango, Citrus, Guava, Water Melon, Musk Melon.

    C.

    VEGETABLES

    Tomato, Onion, Lady Finder, Tinda, Radish, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Carrot, Bitter & Bottle Gourd, Potato, Pumpkin, Cauliflower, Brinjal,

    D.

    OTHER

    Chillies, Coriander, Garlic, Turnip

    Source: Agriculture Statistics 

    2.2.1    VEGETABLES 

    Vegetable

    Area (Hectare)

    Production (Tonnes)

    07-08

    08-09

    07-08

    08-09

    Chilli

    445.0

    465.0

    760.0

    816.0

    Coriander

    73.0

    71.0

    35.0

    33.0

    Garlic

    324.0

    304.0

    2538.0

    2379.0

    Ginger

    0.0

    0.0

    0.0

    0.0

    Onion

    2630.0

    2711.0

    19409.0

    21256

    Sugar beet

    0.0

    0.0

    30.0

    33.0

    Tomato

    89.0

    93.0

    1681.0

    1863.0

    Potato

    13162.0

    16716.0

    267008.0

    4031101.0

    Source: Agriculture Statistics 

    2.2.2    FRUITS 

    Fruits

    Area (Hectare)

    Production (Tonnes)

    07-08

    08-09

    07-08

    08-09

    Apple

    0.0

    0.0

    0.0

    0.0

    Apricot

    0.0

    0.0

    0.0

    0.0

    Banana

    65.0

    54.0

    290.0

    251.0

    Citrus

    4483.0

    4290.0

    33924.0

    32045.0

    Dates

    0.0

    0.0

    0.0

    0.0

    Grapes

    0.0

    0.0

    0.0

    0.0

    Guava

    3601.0

    3359.0

    32413.0

    28871.0

    Mango

    542.0

    542.0

    5352

    5302

    Plums

    40.0

    37.0

    314.0

    282.0

    Pomegranate

    0.0

    0.0

    0.0

    0.0

    Peach

    17

    17

    99

    99

    Pear

    0.0

    0.0

    0.0

    0.0

    Source: Agriculture Statistics

     

    2.3       IRRIGATIONS SCHEMS AND THEIR OUTPUTS (Thousand hectares)

     

     

    Irrigation Scheme

    Irrigated Area (Ha)

    Non Irrigated Area

    Total area sown

    09-10

    09-10

    540

    Canal

    216

     

    Wells

    10

     

    Tube Wells

    99

     

    Canal wells

    4

     

    Canal tube wells

    209

     

    Total

    538

    2

    Source: Irrigation Department             

     

    2.4       LIVESTOCK (Number)

     

    Livestock

    2006 Census

    Mules

    3680

    Horses

    4444

    Donkeys

    42173

    Camels

    Bullocks

    3733

    Male buffaloes

    176

    Female Buffaloes

    226

    Cows

    20

    Total

    54452

             Source: Department of Agriculture & Livestock

    2.5       ANIMAL SLAUGHTERED (00 numbers)

     

    Livestock

    2009-10

    Cattle / Cows

    104

    Sheep

    286

    Goat

    383

    Others

    Buffalos

    209

    Total

    982

    Source: Department of Agriculture & Livestock

     

     

    2.6VETERINARY INSTITUTION

     

    Veterinary Institution

    2009-10

    Hospitals

    13

    Dispensaries

    69

    A.I. Centre

    43

     A.I. Centre stands for Artificial Insemination Centre

    D.I.L. Unit Stands for Disease Investigation Laboratory Units

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