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AGRICULTURAL PROFILE OF DISTRICT Hafizabad




  • Hafizabad was formerly a place of some importance, and is mentioned in the Ain-i-Akbari as headquarters of a mahal. Hafiz, the founder, was a favorite of Emperor Akbar.

    According to one legend, King Akbar came to the present-day site of Hafizabad on a hunting trip. The King lost his company as he was busy hunting. This territory was a jungle-like area and there was nothing to eat or drink. The King felt thirsty and wanted to drink some water. Suddenly he was astonished to see smoke. He followed the smoke and found a cottage, and in the cottage there was a man named Sarmast. The King told him about his thirst and asked for some water. Sarmast had no water, but he called up a grazing deer and milked it to serve the king with milk. The King drank the milk and told the Sarmast that he was a king and said, “Please ask me for the thing you want. I will give you whatever you want.” Faqir Sarmast asked him to build a town for his pupils. The King promised and ordered the current Hakim, named Hafiz Meerak, to construct a city there.

    Hafiz Meerak did as the King ordered. The town, Hafizabad, took its name from his name. One source says that King Akbar wanted to name the town Akbarabad, but the name Hafizabad became popular until the King knew about its creation. King Akbar also remained the name same as Hafizabad. Historians think that this city came into being between1556 – 1570. The main population was located where an old church is now located.

    The Kapoor Khatri Hindu Families were made Sardars of Hafizabad City by the British Government during the Mid 19th Century.

    The prominent families are Mughals,Malik, Arain, Tarars, Bhattis,Jandrans,Mohals and Cheemas who are the largest industrialists and land owners in Hafizabad. Politics is mainly controlled by the Tarars , Arain and Bhattis.

     

    Source: Wikipedia / GoB officials

     

    BRIEF HISTORY AND INTRODUCTION

     

    Total Area                        205,344 km2 (79,284 sqmi)

    Population                       91,379,615

    Density                            450/km2 (1,200/ sq mi)

    Number of Districts         36

    AGRICULTURE PROFILE

     

    DETAILS OF PRIMARY CROPS AND LIVESTOCK

     

    MAIN  CROPS (2008-09)

     

    Wheat

    Rice

    Fruits

    Vegetables

    Fodder

    In Tonnes

    464800

    245700

    7134.0

    7072.0

    884900

    Area (He)

    161500

    130300

    1080.0

    689.0

    228000

    Tonne / He

    2.88

    1.88

    6.60

    10.26

    3.88

     

    MAIN  LIVESTOCK (2006) (000 numbers)

     

    Cattle

    Sheep/Goat

    Buffalo

    Camel

    Number of Heads

    183

    23/108

    501

    0.022

     

    LAND AREA AND LAND USE

     

    LAND USE

    AREA ( 000 Ha)

    % of Total Distt Area

    Total Geographical Area

    857

    100

    Area Reported

    235

    27.42

    Total Cultivated Area

    197

    22.98

    Area Under Forest

    Not Available for Cultivation

    20

    2.33

    Culturable Waste

    18

    2.10

    Current Fallow (C.F)

    33

    3.85

    Net Sown (N.S)

    164

    19.13

    Area Sown more than once (A.S.M.T.O)

    190

    22.17

    Net Cultivated Area (C.F + N.S)

    197

    Net Cropped Area (N.S + A.S.M.T.O)

    354

    Source: Irrigation Department

     

    2.1       CLIMATE

                                                                                                                                                          (In MM/ºC)

    AVERAGE RAINFALL & TEMPERATURES

    MONTHS

     

    J

    F

    M

    A

    M

    J

    J

    A

    S

    O

    N

    D

    Aver.

    Mean

    Rainfall

    15

    36

    24

    13

    17

    18

    138

    87

    42

    9

    12

    37.36

    Max. Temp.

    19

    22

    27

    33

    39

    39

    35

    35

    34

    30

    25

    21

    29.91

    Min. Temp.

    7

    11

    16

    20

    25

    28

    27

    27

    25

    20

    14

    9

    19.91

    2.2  AGRICULTURE STATISTICS

    Crop

    Area(Ha)

    Production (Tonnes)

    Yield T/Ha

     

    2007-08

    2008-09

    2007-08

    2008-09

    2007-08

    2008-09

    Wheat

    148.1

    161.5

    425.1

    464.8

    2.870

    2.878

    Rice

    123.4

    130.3

    223.3

    245.7

    1.809

    1.885

    Fodder

    228600

    228000

    774500

    884900

    3.388

    3.881

    Fruits

    1122.0

    1080.0

    8484.0

    7134.0

    7.56

    6.60

    Vegetables

    708.0

    689.0

    7170.0

    7072.0

    10.13

    10.26

     

     

     

    MAJOR GRAINS, FRUITS &VEGETABLES

     

     

    S.NO

    CATEGORY

    NAMES

    A.

    GRAINS

    Wheat, Rice, Maize.

    1

    Oil seeds

    Rape Seed, Mustard, Sesamum, Canola, Sunflower.

    2.

    Pulses

    Moong, Mash, Moth.

    3.

    Fodder

    Lucern, Jowar, Bajra, Maize.

    B.

    FRUITS

    Mango, Citrus, Guava, Water Melon, Musk Melon.

    C.

    VEGETABLES

    Tomato, Onion, Lady Finder, Tinda, Radish, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Carrot, Potato, Pumpkin, Cauliflower, Brinjal,

    D.

    OTHER

    Chillies, Coriander, Garlic

    Source: Agriculture Statistics

     2.2.1    VEGETABLES

     

    Vegetable

    Area (Hectare)

    Production (Tonnes)

    07-08

    08-09

    07-08

    08-09

    Chilli

    13.0

    14.0

    18.0

    19.0

    Coriander

    3.0

    3.0

    3.0

    3.0

    Garlic

    80.0

    65.0

    732.0

    627.0

    Ginger

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Onion

    445.0

    457.0

    4434

    4639

    Sugar beet

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Tomato

    31.0

    28.0

    420.0

    406.0

    Potato

    136.0

    122.0

    1563.0

    1378.0

    Source: Agriculture Statistics

    2.2.2    FRUITS

    FRUITS

    Area (Hectare)

    Production (Tonnes)

    07-08

    08-09

    07-08

    08-09

    Apple

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Apricot

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Banana

    16

    16

    93

    87

    Citrus

    306

    287

    2292

    2015

    Dates

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Grapes

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Guava

    773

    753

    5912

    4864

    Mango

    20

    19

    159

    147

    Plums

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Pomegranate

    4

    3

    25

    19

    Peach

    3.0

    2.0

    13.0

    11.0

    Pear

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Source: Agriculture Stati

    2.3       IRRIGATIONS SCHEMS AND THEIR OUTPUTS (000 Ha)

    Irrigation Scheme

    Irrigated Area

    Non Irrigated Area

    Total area sown

    09-10

    09-10

    354

    Canal

    04

    1

    Wells

    06

     

    Tube Wells

    94

     

    Canal wells

    04

     

    Canal tube wells

    244

     

    Total

    353

    1

    Source: Irrigation Department    

    2.4       LIVESTOCK (Numbers)

    Livestock

    2006

    Census

    Mules

    2509

    Horses

    2635

    Donkeys

    33071

    Camels

    22

    Bullocks

    2807

    Male buffalos

    149

    Female buffalos

    22

    Cows

    32

    Total

    41247

             Source: Department of Agriculture & Livestock

    2.5       ANIMAL SLAUGHTERED (hundred numbers)

    Livestock

    2009-10

    Cattle / Cows

    102

    Sheep

    175

    Goat

    674

    Others

    2

    Buffalows

    205

    Total

    1158

             Source: Department of Agriculture & LivestocK

    2.6  VETERINARY INSTITUTION

    Veterinary Institution

    2009-10

    Hospitals

    8

    Dispensaries

    19

    A.I. Centre

    25

    A.I. Centre stands for Artificial Insemination Centre

    D.I.L. Unit Stands for Disease Investigation Laboratory Units

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