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Agricultural Profile of District Bahawalnagar




BRIEF HISTORY AND INTRODUCTION:

Bahawalnagar District, situated in East Punjab, was agricultural region with forests during the Indus Valley Civilization. The Vedic periodis characterized by Indo-Aryan culture that invaded from Central Asia and settled in Punjab region. The Kambojas, Daradas, Kaikayas, Madras, Pauravas, Yaudheyas, Malavas and Kurus invaded, settled and ruled ancient Punjab region. After overunning the Achaemenid Empire in 331 BCE, Alexander marched into present-day Punjab region with an army of 50,000. The Bahawalnagar was ruled by Maurya Empire, Indo-Greek kingdom, Kushan Empire, Gupta Empire, White Huns, Kushano-Hephthalites and Shahi kingdoms.

In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 heconquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of Punjab region. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empireruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape ofPunjab region.

After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh invaded and occupied Bahawalnagar District. The Muslims faced severe restrictions during the Sikh rule. During the period of British rule, Bahawalnagar increased in population and importance.

The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslims refugees from India settled down in the Bahawalnagar District.

Source: Wikipedia / GoB officials

Total Area                        205,344 km2 (79,284 sqmi)

Population                       91,379,615

Density                            450/km2 (1,200/ sq mi)

Number of Districts         36 

Agriculture Profile 

DETAILS OF PRIMARY CROPS AND LIVESTOCK

MAIN  CROPS (2008-09)

 

Wheat

Rice

Fruits

Vegetables

Fodder

In Tonnes

989600

125900

63964

12961

1820600

Area (He)

346000

70000

6678

1977

85600

Tonne / He

2.86

1.79

9.57

6.41

21.26

 

MAIN  LIVESTOCK (2006) (000 numbers)

 

Cattle

Sheep/Goat

Buffalo

Camel

Number of Heads

544

196/957

758

1.188

 

LAND AREA AND LAND USE

 

LAND USE

AREA ( 000 Ha)

% of Total Distt Area

Total Geographical Area

2294

100

Area Reported

725

31.60

Total Cultivated Area

601

26.19

Area Under Forest

Not Available for Cultivation

86

3.74

Culturable Waste

38

1.65

Current Fallow (C.F)

24

1.04

Net Sown (N.S)

577

25.15

Area Sown more than once (A.S.M.T.O)

243

10.59

Net Cultivated Area (C.F + N.S)

601

Net Cropped Area (N.S + A.S.M.T.O)

820

Source: Irrigation Department

2.1       CLIMATE                                                                                                                                                      (In MM/ºC)

AVERAGE RAINFALL & TEMPERATURES

MONTHS

 

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Avg

Mean

Rainfall

15

35

30

13

17

48

82

87

42

9

11

9

32.08

Max. Temp.

19

22

27

33

39

39

35

35

34

30

27

21

30.08

Min. Temp.

7

11

16

20

25

28

27

27

25

20

14

8

19.00

 2.2       AGRICULTURE STATISTICS

 

Crop

Area(Ha)

Production (Tonnes)

Yield T/Ha

 

2007-08

2008-09

2007-08

2008-09

2007-08

2008-09

Wheat

325800

346000

834900

989600

2.56

2.86

Rice

61500

70000

107200

125900

1.74

1.79

Fodder

86300

85600

1639100

1820600

18.92

21.26

Fruits

6739

6678

64563

63964

9.58

9.57

Vegetables

2034

1977

11366

12691

5.58

6.41

 

 

 

MAJOR GRAINS, FRUITS &VEGETABLES

 

 

S.NO

CATEGORY

NAMES

A.

GRAINS

Wheat, Rice, Maize.

1

Oil seeds

Rape Seed, Mustard, Sesamum, Canola, Sunflower, Groundnut.

2.

Pulses

Moong, Mash, Masoor.

3.

Fodder

Lucern, Jowar, Bajra, Maize.

B.

FRUITS

Mango, Citrus, Guava, Water Melon, Musk Melon.

C.

VEGETABLES

Tomato, Onion, Lady Finder, Tinda, Radish, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Carrot, Potato, Pumpkin, Bottle ground, Brinjal.

D.

OTHER

Chillies, Coriander, Garlic

Source: Agriculture Statistics

 

 

2.2.1    VEGETABLES

 

Vegetable

Area (Hectare)

Production (Tonnes)

07-08

08-09

07-08

08-09

Chilli

316

299

466

470

Coriander

5

5

3

5

Garlic

13

12

91

85

Ginger

0

0

0

0

Onion

1226

1244

4949

5571

Sugar beet

0

0

0

0

Tomato

275

271

3680

3601

Potato

199

146

2177

2959

Source: Agriculture Statistics

 


2.2.2    FRUITS

 

FRUITS

Area (Hectare)

Production (Tonnes)

07-08

08-09

07-08

08-09

Apple

0

0

0

0

Apricot

0

0

0

0

Banana

0

0

0

0

Citrus

3277

3258

30948

30574

Dates

0

0

0

0

Grapes

0

0

0

0

Guava

2106

2064

15610

15385

Mango

1356

1356

18005

18005

Plums

0

0

0

0

Pomegranate

0

0

0

0

Peach

0

0

0

0

Pear

0

0

0

0

Source: Agriculture Statistics

 

2.3       IRRIGATIONS SCHEMS AND THEIR OUTPUTS (000 Ha)

 

Irrigation Scheme

Irrigated Area

Non Irrigated Area

Total area sown

09-10

09-10

817

Canal

516

 

Wells

4

 

Tube Wells

76

 

Canal wells

6

 

Canal tube wells

299

 

Total

801

16

Source: Irrigation Department    


 

2.4       LIVESTOCK (Numbers)

 

Livestock

2006

Census

Mules

851

Horses

1811

Donkeys

52403

Camels

1188

Bullocks

18841

Male buffalos

434

Female buffalos

12150

Cows

4512

Total

92190

         Source: Department of Agriculture & Livestock

 

2.5       ANIMAL SLAUGHTERED (hundred numbers)

 

Livestock

2009-10

Cattle / Cows

619

Sheep

525

Goat

1045

Others

Buffalows

652

Total

2841

         Source: Department of Agriculture & Livestock

2.6            VETERINARY INSTITUTION

Veterinary Institution

2009-10

Hospitals

21

Dispensaries

83

A.I. Centre

80

A.I. Centre stands for Artificial Insemination Centre

D.I.L. Unit Stands for Disease Investigation Laboratory Units

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Ali raza

Still there is need a lots of efforts to improve the things