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Agricultural Profile of District Bahawalnagar




  • BRIEF HISTORY AND INTRODUCTION:

    Bahawalnagar District, situated in East Punjab, was agricultural region with forests during the Indus Valley Civilization. The Vedic periodis characterized by Indo-Aryan culture that invaded from Central Asia and settled in Punjab region. The Kambojas, Daradas, Kaikayas, Madras, Pauravas, Yaudheyas, Malavas and Kurus invaded, settled and ruled ancient Punjab region. After overunning the Achaemenid Empire in 331 BCE, Alexander marched into present-day Punjab region with an army of 50,000. The Bahawalnagar was ruled by Maurya Empire, Indo-Greek kingdom, Kushan Empire, Gupta Empire, White Huns, Kushano-Hephthalites and Shahi kingdoms.

    In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 heconquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of Punjab region. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empireruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape ofPunjab region.

    After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh invaded and occupied Bahawalnagar District. The Muslims faced severe restrictions during the Sikh rule. During the period of British rule, Bahawalnagar increased in population and importance.

    The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslims refugees from India settled down in the Bahawalnagar District.

    Source: Wikipedia / GoB officials

    Total Area                        205,344 km2 (79,284 sqmi)

    Population                       91,379,615

    Density                            450/km2 (1,200/ sq mi)

    Number of Districts         36 

    Agriculture Profile 

    DETAILS OF PRIMARY CROPS AND LIVESTOCK

    MAIN  CROPS (2008-09)

     

    Wheat

    Rice

    Fruits

    Vegetables

    Fodder

    In Tonnes

    989600

    125900

    63964

    12961

    1820600

    Area (He)

    346000

    70000

    6678

    1977

    85600

    Tonne / He

    2.86

    1.79

    9.57

    6.41

    21.26

     

    MAIN  LIVESTOCK (2006) (000 numbers)

     

    Cattle

    Sheep/Goat

    Buffalo

    Camel

    Number of Heads

    544

    196/957

    758

    1.188

     

    LAND AREA AND LAND USE

     

    LAND USE

    AREA ( 000 Ha)

    % of Total Distt Area

    Total Geographical Area

    2294

    100

    Area Reported

    725

    31.60

    Total Cultivated Area

    601

    26.19

    Area Under Forest

    Not Available for Cultivation

    86

    3.74

    Culturable Waste

    38

    1.65

    Current Fallow (C.F)

    24

    1.04

    Net Sown (N.S)

    577

    25.15

    Area Sown more than once (A.S.M.T.O)

    243

    10.59

    Net Cultivated Area (C.F + N.S)

    601

    Net Cropped Area (N.S + A.S.M.T.O)

    820

    Source: Irrigation Department

    2.1       CLIMATE                                                                                                                                                      (In MM/ºC)

    AVERAGE RAINFALL & TEMPERATURES

    MONTHS

     

    J

    F

    M

    A

    M

    J

    J

    A

    S

    O

    N

    D

    Avg

    Mean

    Rainfall

    15

    35

    30

    13

    17

    48

    82

    87

    42

    9

    11

    9

    32.08

    Max. Temp.

    19

    22

    27

    33

    39

    39

    35

    35

    34

    30

    27

    21

    30.08

    Min. Temp.

    7

    11

    16

    20

    25

    28

    27

    27

    25

    20

    14

    8

    19.00

     2.2       AGRICULTURE STATISTICS

     

    Crop

    Area(Ha)

    Production (Tonnes)

    Yield T/Ha

     

    2007-08

    2008-09

    2007-08

    2008-09

    2007-08

    2008-09

    Wheat

    325800

    346000

    834900

    989600

    2.56

    2.86

    Rice

    61500

    70000

    107200

    125900

    1.74

    1.79

    Fodder

    86300

    85600

    1639100

    1820600

    18.92

    21.26

    Fruits

    6739

    6678

    64563

    63964

    9.58

    9.57

    Vegetables

    2034

    1977

    11366

    12691

    5.58

    6.41

     

     

     

    MAJOR GRAINS, FRUITS &VEGETABLES

     

     

    S.NO

    CATEGORY

    NAMES

    A.

    GRAINS

    Wheat, Rice, Maize.

    1

    Oil seeds

    Rape Seed, Mustard, Sesamum, Canola, Sunflower, Groundnut.

    2.

    Pulses

    Moong, Mash, Masoor.

    3.

    Fodder

    Lucern, Jowar, Bajra, Maize.

    B.

    FRUITS

    Mango, Citrus, Guava, Water Melon, Musk Melon.

    C.

    VEGETABLES

    Tomato, Onion, Lady Finder, Tinda, Radish, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Carrot, Potato, Pumpkin, Bottle ground, Brinjal.

    D.

    OTHER

    Chillies, Coriander, Garlic

    Source: Agriculture Statistics

     

     

    2.2.1    VEGETABLES

     

    Vegetable

    Area (Hectare)

    Production (Tonnes)

    07-08

    08-09

    07-08

    08-09

    Chilli

    316

    299

    466

    470

    Coriander

    5

    5

    3

    5

    Garlic

    13

    12

    91

    85

    Ginger

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Onion

    1226

    1244

    4949

    5571

    Sugar beet

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Tomato

    275

    271

    3680

    3601

    Potato

    199

    146

    2177

    2959

    Source: Agriculture Statistics

     


    2.2.2    FRUITS

     

    FRUITS

    Area (Hectare)

    Production (Tonnes)

    07-08

    08-09

    07-08

    08-09

    Apple

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Apricot

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Banana

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Citrus

    3277

    3258

    30948

    30574

    Dates

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Grapes

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Guava

    2106

    2064

    15610

    15385

    Mango

    1356

    1356

    18005

    18005

    Plums

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Pomegranate

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Peach

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Pear

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Source: Agriculture Statistics

     

    2.3       IRRIGATIONS SCHEMS AND THEIR OUTPUTS (000 Ha)

     

    Irrigation Scheme

    Irrigated Area

    Non Irrigated Area

    Total area sown

    09-10

    09-10

    817

    Canal

    516

     

    Wells

    4

     

    Tube Wells

    76

     

    Canal wells

    6

     

    Canal tube wells

    299

     

    Total

    801

    16

    Source: Irrigation Department    


     

    2.4       LIVESTOCK (Numbers)

     

    Livestock

    2006

    Census

    Mules

    851

    Horses

    1811

    Donkeys

    52403

    Camels

    1188

    Bullocks

    18841

    Male buffalos

    434

    Female buffalos

    12150

    Cows

    4512

    Total

    92190

             Source: Department of Agriculture & Livestock

     

    2.5       ANIMAL SLAUGHTERED (hundred numbers)

     

    Livestock

    2009-10

    Cattle / Cows

    619

    Sheep

    525

    Goat

    1045

    Others

    Buffalows

    652

    Total

    2841

             Source: Department of Agriculture & Livestock

    2.6            VETERINARY INSTITUTION

    Veterinary Institution

    2009-10

    Hospitals

    21

    Dispensaries

    83

    A.I. Centre

    80

    A.I. Centre stands for Artificial Insemination Centre

    D.I.L. Unit Stands for Disease Investigation Laboratory Units

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