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AGRICULRURAL PROFILE OF DISTRICT GUJRANWALA




  • BRIEF HISTORY AND INTRODUCTION:

    Humans settlements in Gujranwala have been present since antiquity. According to the Imperial Gazetteer of India the town was originally founded by Gujjars and renamed Khanpur by the Sansi Jats of Amritsar who settled there, but its old name has survived.Many historians also states that place was named after Gujjars,while they formerly ruled the Gurjara PratiharaEmpire for centuries.

    Until the arrival of the Muslims little is known of Gujranwala,Lahore was the chief city. Under Muslim rule the district flourished for a time; but a mysterious depopulation took place and the whole region seems to have been almost entirely abandoned. The district gazetteer dates the name of Gujranwala to approximately the middle of the 16th century.

    The Sikhs dominatedPunjab after the death of the MughalEmperor Aurangzeb Alamgir in 1707. The town became important during the rule of the father and grandfather of Ranjit Singh, who was born in the city.Maharaja Ranjit Singh who himself was born here became the most powerful of all the Sikh rulers. It was Hari Singh Nalwa, the great military commander of the Sikh Kingdom, who was credited with having built the ‘new’ city of Gujranwala.

    The area was conquered and annexed by the British Empire in 1849. A railway line was built alongside the Grand Trunk Road in 1881 to connect Gujranwala with other cities of Punjab and made commercial trade between cities more convenient. The municipality of Gujranwala was created in 1867. The North-Western Railway connected Gujranwala with other cities of British India to the far ends of the Empire such as Calcutta as well as Karachi.

    After the creation of Pakistan in 1947, Gujranwala developed rapidly and is now a leading city of Pakistan. Gujranwala, as a district was run by a Deputy Commissioner until it became a Division. In 1951 the city was converted into the capital of the district which gave rise to new industries in the city. Since then the city has continued to thrive with improved economic growth and stabilisation. Jagna one of the most famous place of Gujranwala and Pakistan, because it is one of the most beautiful places in Gujranwala.

    According to City Mayors Statistics The world’s fastest growing cities and urban areas from 2006 to 2020 Gujranwala rank 27th in the world with the average annual growth 2006 to 2020 3.49% and rank 1st in Pakistan then faisalabad with the average annual growth of 3.32% with rank 33rd in the world.

    Source: Wikipedia / GoB officials

    Total Area                        205,344 km2 (79,284 sqmi)

    Population                       91,379,615

    Density                            450/km2 (1,200/ sq mi)

    Number of Districts         36

     

    AGRICULTURE PROFILE

     

    DETAILS OF PRIMARY CROPS AND LIVESTOCK

     

    MAIN  CROPS (2008-09)

     

    Wheat

    Rice

    Fruits

    Vegetables

    Fodder

    In Tonnes

    755000

    494900

    14925

    46946

    124700

    Area (He)

    236300

    249200

    2439

    3610

    48200

    Tonne / He

    3.91

    1.98

    6.11

    13.00

    25.88

     

    MAIN  LIVESTOCK (2006) (000 numbers)

     

    Cattle

    Sheep/Goat

    Buffalo

    Camel

    Number of Heads

    225

    86/173

    628

     

    LAND AREA AND LAND USE

     

    LAND USE

    AREA ( 000 Ha)

    % of Total Distt Area

    Total Geographical Area

    1308

    100

    Area Reported

    369

    28.21

    Total Cultivated Area

    290

    22.17

    Area Under Forest

    3

    0.22

    Not Available for Cultivation

    55

    4.20

    Culturable Waste

    21

    1.60

    Current Fallow (C.F)

    14

    1.07

    Net Sown (N.S)

    276

    21.10

    Area Sown more than once (A.S.M.T.O)

    280

    21.40

    Net Cultivated Area (C.F + N.S)

    290

    Net Cropped Area (N.S + A.S.M.T.O)

    555

     

    Source: Irrigation Department

     

    2.1       CLIMATE

                                                                                                                                                          (In MM/ºC)

    AVERAGE RAINFALL & TEMPERATURES

    MONTHS

     

    J

    F

    M

    A

    M

    J

    J

    A

    S

    O

    N

    D

    Aver.

    Mean

    Rainfall

    18

    20

    30

    18

    17

    48

    82

    84

    42

    9

    11

    12

    32.58

    Max. Temp.

    19

    21

    27

    33

    39

    39

    35

    35

    34

    30

    27

    21

    30.00

    Min. Temp.

    8

    11

    16

    20

    25

    28

    27

    27

    25

    20

    14

    9

    19.16

     

    2.2       AGRICULTURE STATISTICS

     

    Crop

    Area( Ha)

    Production (Tonnes)

    Yield T/Ha

     

    2007-08

    2008-09

    2007-08

    2008-09

    2007-08

    2008-09

    Wheat

    228600

    236300

    691900

    755000

    3.02

    3.19

    Rice

    246800

    249200

    487200

    494900

    1.97

    1.98

    Fodder

    49800

    48200

    1239300

    1247700

    24.88

    25.88

    Fruits

    2568

    2439

    19709

    14925

    7.67

    6.11

    Vegetables

    4051

    3610

    47084

    46946

    11.72

    13.00

    MAJOR GRAINS, FRUITS &VEGETABLES 

    S.NO

    CATEGORY

    NAMES

    A.

    GRAINS

    Wheat, Rice, Maize.

    1

    Oil seeds

    Rape Seed, Mustard, Sesamum, Canola, Sunflower.

    2.

    Pulses

    Moong, Mash, Moth.

    3.

    Fodder

    Lucern, Jowar, Bajra, Maize.

    B.

    FRUITS

    Mango, Citrus, Guava, Water Melon, Musk Melon.

    C.

    VEGETABLES

    Tomato, Onion, Lady Finder, Tinda, Radish, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Carrot, Potato, Pumpkin, Cauliflower, Brinjal,

    D.

    OTHER

    Chillies, Coriander, Garlic

    Source: Agriculture Statistics 

    2.2.1    VEGETABLES 

    Vegetable

    Area (Hectare)

    Production (Tonnes)

    07-08

    08-09

    07-08

    08-09

    Chilli

    81

    77

    123

    121

    Coriander

    31

    29

    20

    21

    Garlic

    223

    221

    1950

    1994

    Ginger

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Onion

    1214

    1255

    14165

    15182

    Sugar beet

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Tomato

    546

    544

    8062

    8133

    Potato

    1956

    1484

    22764

    21495

    Source: Agriculture Statistics

    2.2.2    FRUITS

     

    FRUITS

    Area (Hectare)

    Production (Tonnes)

    07-08

    08-09

    07-08

    08-09

    Apple

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Apricot

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Banana

    30

    30

    183

    185

    Citrus

    237

    238

    1928

    2001

    Dates

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Grapes

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Guava

    2236

    2115

    17207

    12399

    Mango

    29

    28

    183

    178

    Plums

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Pomegranate

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Peach

    36

    28

    208

    162

    Pear

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Source: Agriculture Statistics

    2.3       IRRIGATIONS SCHEMS AND THEIR OUTPUTS (000 Ha)

     

    Irrigation Scheme

    Irrigated Area

    Non Irrigated Area

    Total area sown

    09-10

    09-10

    549

    Canal

    129

     

    Wells

    5

     

    Tube Wells

    320

     

    Canal wells

    14

     

    Canal tube wells

    78

     

    Total

    546

    3

    Source: Irrigation Department     

    2.4       LIVESTOCK (Numbers)

     

    Livestock

    2006

    Census

    Mules

    2993

    Horses

    6180

    Donkeys

    44169

    Camels

    Bullocks

    552

    Male buffalos

    346

    Female buffalos

    1839

    Cows

    712

    Total

    56791

    Source: Department of Agriculture & Livestock

     

    2.5       ANIMAL SLAUGHTERED (hundred numbers)

     

    Livestock

    2009-10

    Cattle / Cows

    839

    Sheep

    1286

    Goat

    1987

    Others

    Buffalows

    1047

    Total

    6059

             Source: Department of Agriculture & Livestock

     

    2.6  VETERINARY INSTITUTION

     

    Veterinary Institution

    2009-10

    Hospitals

    15

    Dispensaries

    70

    A.I. Centre

    25

    A.I. Centre stands for Artificial Insemination Centre

    D.I.L. Unit Stands for Disease Investigation Laboratory Units

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