BRIEF HISTORY AND INTRODUCTION:

Humans settlements in Gujranwala have been present since antiquity. According to the Imperial Gazetteer of India the town was originally founded by Gujjars and renamed Khanpur by the Sansi Jats of Amritsar who settled there, but its old name has survived.Many historians also states that place was named after Gujjars,while they formerly ruled the Gurjara PratiharaEmpire for centuries.

Until the arrival of the Muslims little is known of Gujranwala,Lahore was the chief city. Under Muslim rule the district flourished for a time; but a mysterious depopulation took place and the whole region seems to have been almost entirely abandoned. The district gazetteer dates the name of Gujranwala to approximately the middle of the 16th century.

The Sikhs dominatedPunjab after the death of the MughalEmperor Aurangzeb Alamgir in 1707. The town became important during the rule of the father and grandfather of Ranjit Singh, who was born in the city.Maharaja Ranjit Singh who himself was born here became the most powerful of all the Sikh rulers. It was Hari Singh Nalwa, the great military commander of the Sikh Kingdom, who was credited with having built the ‘new’ city of Gujranwala.

The area was conquered and annexed by the British Empire in 1849. A railway line was built alongside the Grand Trunk Road in 1881 to connect Gujranwala with other cities of Punjab and made commercial trade between cities more convenient. The municipality of Gujranwala was created in 1867. The North-Western Railway connected Gujranwala with other cities of British India to the far ends of the Empire such as Calcutta as well as Karachi.

After the creation of Pakistan in 1947, Gujranwala developed rapidly and is now a leading city of Pakistan. Gujranwala, as a district was run by a Deputy Commissioner until it became a Division. In 1951 the city was converted into the capital of the district which gave rise to new industries in the city. Since then the city has continued to thrive with improved economic growth and stabilisation. Jagna one of the most famous place of Gujranwala and Pakistan, because it is one of the most beautiful places in Gujranwala.

According to City Mayors Statistics The world’s fastest growing cities and urban areas from 2006 to 2020 Gujranwala rank 27th in the world with the average annual growth 2006 to 2020 3.49% and rank 1st in Pakistan then faisalabad with the average annual growth of 3.32% with rank 33rd in the world.

Source: Wikipedia / GoB officials

Total Area                        205,344 km2 (79,284 sqmi)

Population                       91,379,615

Density                            450/km2 (1,200/ sq mi)

Number of Districts         36

 

AGRICULTURE PROFILE

 

DETAILS OF PRIMARY CROPS AND LIVESTOCK

 

MAIN  CROPS (2008-09)

 

Wheat

Rice

Fruits

Vegetables

Fodder

In Tonnes

755000

494900

14925

46946

124700

Area (He)

236300

249200

2439

3610

48200

Tonne / He

3.91

1.98

6.11

13.00

25.88

 

MAIN  LIVESTOCK (2006) (000 numbers)

 

Cattle

Sheep/Goat

Buffalo

Camel

Number of Heads

225

86/173

628

 

LAND AREA AND LAND USE

 

LAND USE

AREA ( 000 Ha)

% of Total Distt Area

Total Geographical Area

1308

100

Area Reported

369

28.21

Total Cultivated Area

290

22.17

Area Under Forest

3

0.22

Not Available for Cultivation

55

4.20

Culturable Waste

21

1.60

Current Fallow (C.F)

14

1.07

Net Sown (N.S)

276

21.10

Area Sown more than once (A.S.M.T.O)

280

21.40

Net Cultivated Area (C.F + N.S)

290

Net Cropped Area (N.S + A.S.M.T.O)

555

 

Source: Irrigation Department

 

2.1       CLIMATE

                                                                                                                                                      (In MM/ºC)

AVERAGE RAINFALL & TEMPERATURES

MONTHS

 

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Aver.

Mean

Rainfall

18

20

30

18

17

48

82

84

42

9

11

12

32.58

Max. Temp.

19

21

27

33

39

39

35

35

34

30

27

21

30.00

Min. Temp.

8

11

16

20

25

28

27

27

25

20

14

9

19.16

 

2.2       AGRICULTURE STATISTICS

 

Crop

Area( Ha)

Production (Tonnes)

Yield T/Ha

 

2007-08

2008-09

2007-08

2008-09

2007-08

2008-09

Wheat

228600

236300

691900

755000

3.02

3.19

Rice

246800

249200

487200

494900

1.97

1.98

Fodder

49800

48200

1239300

1247700

24.88

25.88

Fruits

2568

2439

19709

14925

7.67

6.11

Vegetables

4051

3610

47084

46946

11.72

13.00

MAJOR GRAINS, FRUITS &VEGETABLES 

S.NO

CATEGORY

NAMES

A.

GRAINS

Wheat, Rice, Maize.

1

Oil seeds

Rape Seed, Mustard, Sesamum, Canola, Sunflower.

2.

Pulses

Moong, Mash, Moth.

3.

Fodder

Lucern, Jowar, Bajra, Maize.

B.

FRUITS

Mango, Citrus, Guava, Water Melon, Musk Melon.

C.

VEGETABLES

Tomato, Onion, Lady Finder, Tinda, Radish, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Carrot, Potato, Pumpkin, Cauliflower, Brinjal,

D.

OTHER

Chillies, Coriander, Garlic

Source: Agriculture Statistics 

2.2.1    VEGETABLES 

Vegetable

Area (Hectare)

Production (Tonnes)

07-08

08-09

07-08

08-09

Chilli

81

77

123

121

Coriander

31

29

20

21

Garlic

223

221

1950

1994

Ginger

0

0

0

0

Onion

1214

1255

14165

15182

Sugar beet

0

0

0

0

Tomato

546

544

8062

8133

Potato

1956

1484

22764

21495

Source: Agriculture Statistics

2.2.2    FRUITS

 

FRUITS

Area (Hectare)

Production (Tonnes)

07-08

08-09

07-08

08-09

Apple

0

0

0

0

Apricot

0

0

0

0

Banana

30

30

183

185

Citrus

237

238

1928

2001

Dates

0

0

0

0

Grapes

0

0

0

0

Guava

2236

2115

17207

12399

Mango

29

28

183

178

Plums

0

0

0

0

Pomegranate

0

0

0

0

Peach

36

28

208

162

Pear

0

0

0

0

Source: Agriculture Statistics

2.3       IRRIGATIONS SCHEMS AND THEIR OUTPUTS (000 Ha)

 

Irrigation Scheme

Irrigated Area

Non Irrigated Area

Total area sown

09-10

09-10

549

Canal

129

 

Wells

5

 

Tube Wells

320

 

Canal wells

14

 

Canal tube wells

78

 

Total

546

3

Source: Irrigation Department     

2.4       LIVESTOCK (Numbers)

 

Livestock

2006

Census

Mules

2993

Horses

6180

Donkeys

44169

Camels

Bullocks

552

Male buffalos

346

Female buffalos

1839

Cows

712

Total

56791

Source: Department of Agriculture & Livestock

 

2.5       ANIMAL SLAUGHTERED (hundred numbers)

 

Livestock

2009-10

Cattle / Cows

839

Sheep

1286

Goat

1987

Others

Buffalows

1047

Total

6059

         Source: Department of Agriculture & Livestock

 

2.6  VETERINARY INSTITUTION

 

Veterinary Institution

2009-10

Hospitals

15

Dispensaries

70

A.I. Centre

25

A.I. Centre stands for Artificial Insemination Centre

D.I.L. Unit Stands for Disease Investigation Laboratory Units

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