Khizar Razzq1*, Sundas Hanif1 and Maria Abid2
1Department of plant pathology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad
Water is a basic necessity of life all over the globe. Without water world no more exists but if you have water which is not clean and have infectious material than you can say it’s a worst thing you ever have and this may results in water borne diseases which may define as any disease caused by recreational or drinking water polluted by human or animal feces, which contains pathogenic microorganisms.
First of all take a look on the common water borne diseases which includes typhoid fever, malaria, dysentery, diarrhea, cholera, hepatitis, worms, polio, etc. According to World Health Organization (WHO), water-borne diseases cause about 1.8 million human deaths annually, with various forms of water-borne diarrheal disease being the most prominent ones affecting mainly children in developing countries.
We can control these diseases by adopting practical ways and also we have some cost-effective ways to get rid from this problem. First of all ensure clean supply of portable water in your homes and if you have tap water make sure to boil it first for two minutes before drinking. Make sure that food is well cooked and prevents properly. Avoid ice cubes as they are the major source of contamination. If these practical measures should be adopted in our lives than we can easily manage the water borne diseases by ourselves otherwise it may prove lethal to human body.
On the other hand we have some cost-effective ways to avoid water born diseases such as ceramic filters, solar sterilization, emergency homemade filters, slow sand filtration, and solar distillation. So these are most cost effective solutions to control water borne diseases even if we have no advance technologies for cleaning the water. Explanation of these strategies is as follow.
The cheapest way to treat water is to leave it in plastic bottle in the sunlight, heat kill the microbes which cause diarrhea and other water borne illness another way is solar distillation but we cannot say that this is same process to the solar sterilization.
Solar distillations purify the muddy, salty by the process of evaporation and condensation. With respect to our daily life we have lot of things which help us in the filtration of water without wasting huge amount of money for example plastic bottles are thrown by peoples everywhere but they don’t know these bottles help us in the filtration of water in our homes. These bottles make yet another appearance as a water treatment device. This time a simple filter paper can remove sediments and microbes from the water. Simply cut the bottom from the bottle fill it with gravel sand charcoal, and fill the water through it and hope for the best. Next is slow sand filtration process it have advantages on the entire community water source not just for household. A slow sand filtration is a combination of several parts water storage tank, an aerator, slow sand filters, disinfectant stages and filter water storage tank. As a result these techniques found to be cost effective to control the water born diseases.
Taking all these things under consideration its is concluded that with effective practical solution we can minimize the water born diseases and we have some cost effective strategies that are easy to adopt for every person of this globe and are much helpful in controlling the water borne diseases. The advantages of these strategies outweigh the disadvantages of these practical and cost effective strategies. In my opinion this may helpful for all peoples around the globe because this is the only simple way to get rid from water borne diseases.