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Wheat and rice crops are grown in Pakistan over an area of about 8.2 and 2.5 mha, respectively. Area under Rice-Wheat cropping system during 2004-2005 was around 1.7 mha. Basmati rice varieties cover more than 55 percent of the...
Pakistan is producing about 6 million tonnes of fresh fruit annually.  This commodity is highly perishable in nature as it has an inherent tendency to spoilage due to physiological reasons, disease and pest infestation.  Due to non-availability of post-harvest...
In Pakistan, phosphate fertilizer in wheat is conventionally applied by broadcast method before sowing crop.  This is a wasteful method of fertilizer application as only 15-25% of the applied phosphate is utilized by wheat crop.  The seed-cum-fertilizer drills currently...
Sunflower and canola are most promising oilseed crops, because of high oil content, and these are attractive for the market trend towards products that help to reduce blood cholesterol levels.  Autumn sunflower can be grown successfully in Pakistan, but...
Rapeseed and Canola are grown on an area of 0.248 and 0.117 million hectares with a total production of 0.215 and 0.173 million tonnes, respectively. Its harvesting is done manually with sickle and threshing with stick beating or tractor...
Traditionally, harvesting of groundnut was done manually as no proper harvesting machinery was available during early eight’s. Manual harvesting is labour intensive, time consuming and boring fatigue for labour especially family labour. Reportedly this was one of the main...
Groundnut is an important cash crop of rain-fed areas particularly Potohar Region. It is grown on an area of 0.260 million acres with a total production of 0.076 million tonnes. In mid eighty’s, harvesting and threshing was done manually...
The use of high yielding wheat varieties (HYV), fertilizers, irrigation practices and tractors for improved cultural practices brought about a tremendous increase in yield per acre and total production.  This increased production also brought about a need for additional...
  Rice is the second major staple food crop in Pakistan and is grown in all four provinces of the country. After harvest, rice is threshed with manual beating, bullock/tractor treading followed by manual cleaning.   Introduction Rice...
Introduction Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is grown on 2.3 Mha alluvial, calcareous, low organic matter soils, with an average paddy yield of 2.00 t ha-1. One major cause of low rice productivity – compared with much higher potential...

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