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Major Crops

Surging rice price, domestic consumers and exports

Rice prices continue to rise with non-basmati varieties witnessing the highest increase. The situation makes the task of the new government extremely difficult in controlling food inflation. As the common man continues to be burdened by high fuel to food costs, curbs on rice export may be seen as the easiest …

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WEED COMMUNITIES OF SUNFLOWER CROP IN SUKKUR AND KHAIRPUR, SINDH: AUTUMN ASPECT

The survey of weed communities of sunflower crop was conducted in five sunflower growing areas of Sukkur and Khairpur districts during 2003. A total of 33 weed species belonging to 30 genera and 15 angiosperm families were recorded. Five weed communities viz.: 1) Cyperus-Eclipta-Brachiaria  in Ghulam Qasim Jiskani (district Khairpur), 2) Dactyloctenium-CyperusBrachiaria in Kotedji (district Khairpur), …

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Gram, a Major Pulse Crop in Pakistan

Gram is a major Rabi pulse crop in Pakistan. It is grown in areas after rain and floods. It is a short duration crop and can be grown between September and November. The best time for sowing is the second week of October. Being a leguminous crop it is well …

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Sesame Production Practices In Pakistan

Sesame or “til” is the most ancient crop cultivated for its oil in the sub-continent. Its seeds contain between 50 and 58 % of very good semi-drying oil, mostly with oleic and linoleic triglycerides. Its oil is stable and does not rancid even after long exposure to air. Sesame oil …

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Rapeseed Mustard Production in Pakistan

In Pakistan after cotton, rapeseed-mustard is the second most important source of oil in Pakistan. It is cultivated over an area of 307,000 hectares with annual production of 233,000 tonnes and contribute about 17% to the domestic production of edible oil.

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Castor

Castor (Ricinus communis L.) is an important industrial oil crop of the world. Internationally, castor oil is used in more than 300 derivatives for use in soap, cosmetics, pharmaceutical, paints and varnishes /lubricant in high-speed jet engines. Pakistan also spends millions of rupees on the import of castor oil annually …

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Safflower

Safflower is xerophytic in nature and is bestowed with unique features of salt and drought tolerance. In Pakistan, it is grown only in Sindh and Baluchistan. In 2008-09, its national average yield was 890 kg/ha. Safflower seed contains 25-37% oil. Its oil is of drying type with iodine number upto …

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FODDER CROPS

BERSEEM: Berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum) is an annual leguminous fodder crop. It is one of the most suitablefodder crop for areas below 1700 m altitude with irrigation facilities. It remains soft and succulent at all stages ofgrowth. It can be grown without irrigation in areas with high water table and under …

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Pulse

Pulses are the most important source of vegetable protein in Pakistan. They are cultivated on 5% of the total cropped area. Their use ranges from baby food to delicacies of the rich and the poor. Because of the population growth, demand for pulses is increasing day by day. There is …

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