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Major Crops

Indigenous Maize Hybrids

Introduction  The most important constraint to high maize yield is the lack of quality of hybrid seed. Currently, about 20% of the maize area in the country is planted to imparted hybrid seeds. Because the indigenous hybrids are produced locally, these are much cheaper than the exotic commercial hybrids. Thus, …

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Another wheat crisis in the making ?

It is surprising that in the manifestos of various political parties, not much attention has been paid to the problems and challenges faced by the agriculture sector. In the 24- member of the cabinet, no one was given the portfolio of agriculture. An additional charge has been given to the …

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Unfair trading practices in basmati exports

It’s an open secret now for five years, Indian traders have been passing off a lower quality rice,CSR-30, as the world’s finest long grained aromatic rice, basmati, in key markets like the US, Canada and the EU, and this with the full knowledge of the trade and the government. In …

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Surging rice price, domestic consumers and exports

Rice prices continue to rise with non-basmati varieties witnessing the highest increase. The situation makes the task of the new government extremely difficult in controlling food inflation. As the common man continues to be burdened by high fuel to food costs, curbs on rice export may be seen as the easiest …

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WEED COMMUNITIES OF SUNFLOWER CROP IN SUKKUR AND KHAIRPUR, SINDH: AUTUMN ASPECT

The survey of weed communities of sunflower crop was conducted in five sunflower growing areas of Sukkur and Khairpur districts during 2003. A total of 33 weed species belonging to 30 genera and 15 angiosperm families were recorded. Five weed communities viz.: 1) Cyperus-Eclipta-Brachiaria  in Ghulam Qasim Jiskani (district Khairpur), 2) Dactyloctenium-CyperusBrachiaria in Kotedji (district Khairpur), …

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Gram, a Major Pulse Crop in Pakistan

Gram is a major Rabi pulse crop in Pakistan. It is grown in areas after rain and floods. It is a short duration crop and can be grown between September and November. The best time for sowing is the second week of October. Being a leguminous crop it is well …

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Sesame Production Practices In Pakistan

Sesame or “til” is the most ancient crop cultivated for its oil in the sub-continent. Its seeds contain between 50 and 58 % of very good semi-drying oil, mostly with oleic and linoleic triglycerides. Its oil is stable and does not rancid even after long exposure to air. Sesame oil …

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Rapeseed Mustard Production in Pakistan

In Pakistan after cotton, rapeseed-mustard is the second most important source of oil in Pakistan. It is cultivated over an area of 307,000 hectares with annual production of 233,000 tonnes and contribute about 17% to the domestic production of edible oil.

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Castor

Castor (Ricinus communis L.) is an important industrial oil crop of the world. Internationally, castor oil is used in more than 300 derivatives for use in soap, cosmetics, pharmaceutical, paints and varnishes /lubricant in high-speed jet engines. Pakistan also spends millions of rupees on the import of castor oil annually …

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Safflower

Safflower is xerophytic in nature and is bestowed with unique features of salt and drought tolerance. In Pakistan, it is grown only in Sindh and Baluchistan. In 2008-09, its national average yield was 890 kg/ha. Safflower seed contains 25-37% oil. Its oil is of drying type with iodine number upto …

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