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Major Crops

Lucerne/alfalfa

History and economic importance. Lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) belongs to the Leguminosae family (Fig. 15.2). It is thought to have originated in Iran, from where it travelled to the Arab countries where it was called alfalfa, meaning ‘best fodder’. Afterwards, it was introduced in Europe and called ‘lucerne’ after Lake …

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Indian clover, sweet clover

History and economic importance. Indian clover and sweet clover (Melilotus parviflora), locally known assenji, belong to the family Leguminosae. Two types are known, local or desi senji and exotic or valaiti senji. Desi senji is an annual legume forage crop. Its origin is believed to be in the Indo-Pakistan region, and …

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Berseem

History and economic importance. Berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum L.) belongs to the family Leguminosae. An important winter fodder crop, berseem originated in Egypt and is also called Egyptian clover. On the Indo-Pakistan subcontinent, it was first introduced in the province of Sindh in 1904. It was first cultivated in the Peshawar …

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Wheat support pricing or bad economics?

The stated logic behind increasing wheat support price is the escalating cost of production. This growing cost is a reality but it constitutes one of the many variables that should determine the wheat price. Import and export parity, domestic consumption and projected requirement should also get equal weight in calculating …

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Diseases of Rice

BACTERIAL DISEASES Bacterial blight Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Ishiyama) Swings et al. = X. campestris pv. oryzae (Ishiyama) Dye Bacterial leaf streak Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola (Ishiyama) Swings et al. Foot rot Erwinia chrysanthemi Burkholder et al. Grain rot Pseudomonas glumae Kurita & Tabei Pecky rice (kernel spotting) Damage by bacteria (see also underfungal and miscellaneous diseases) Sheath brown rot Pseudomonas fuscovaginae (ex Tanii et al.) Miyajima et …

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Wheat Glossary

Alternate host: A second host species required by some rusts and other organisms to complete their life cycle. Chlorosis: Yellowing or whitening of normally green plant tissue. Coalesce: To combine, to fuse or come together. Conidiophore :A threadlike stalk upon which conidia (spores) are produced. Conidium (pl. conidia) : Any asexual spore formed on …

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Varieties of Sugarcane

Most common varieties of sugarcane grown in M. S. are CO – 419                                           CO – 7219 (Sanjivani)CO – 740                                           CO – M – 7125 (Sampada)CO – C – 671                                      CO – M – 88121 (Krishna)CO – 678                                           CO – 86032 (Nira)CO – 775                                           CO – 98071CO – 807                                           CO …

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Threat to basmati rice export

Association of Pakistan announced crossing $2 billion mark in foreign sales. Its officials listed the seasonal problems that confronted the association and the efforts it made to defeat them to reach the benchmark. They are right, but up to a point, when they say that debilitating energy crisis and discouraging …

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Characteristics Studied While Releasing New Sugarcane Variety

Tillering capacity.2. Sugar and fiber percentage.3. Maturity period.4. Resistance to pests and diseases.5. Resistance to lodging.6. Yield of cane.7. Height of cane.8. Thickness of cane.9. Length of internode.10. Colour of cane.11. Suitability for sugar and gul making.12. Hardness of rind.13. Ratooning habit14. Adoptability under different soil and climatic conditions. Original …

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