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Major Crops

Crop Production as an art

Primitive man lived on wild game, leaves, roots, seeds, berries, and fruits. As the population increased, the food supply was always sufficiently stable or plentiful to supply his needs. Crops production began when domestication of plants became essential to supplement natural supplies. The art of crop production . is older …

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Objectives of cultivar improvement

Breeders and agronomists have certain objectives in mind for crop improvement These objectives are to: Evolve cuItivars with increased yield by obtaining the optimum combination of yield components such as number of reproductive units per unit area, number of seeds per reproductive unit, and weight per seed. Tailor crop maturity …

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Concept of crop improvement

The need for crop improvement Food is the basic necessity of life; without it mankind cannot survive. The amount of food needed to feed the human beings on this planet is given by the following equation. Total food needs of the world = number of persons to be fed x food …

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Classification Of Field Crops

The importance of classification All objects are named and classified for practical purposes. Human beings, animals, birds, and insects have special names and classes. Even non-living entities have their names and classes. A special set of terms and names is associated with every business, trade, andprofession. Crop plants are no …

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Major Crops of Pakistan

In pakistan, farm production is dominated by a few crops which account for almost 60 percent of GDP from agriculture. Cropping systems vary widely because of variations in agro-climatic and soil conditions. Wheat is the major winter crop in all regions of the country. In summer, rice, cotton, and maize are grown in areas …

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MAJOR CULTIVARS OF COTTON IN PAKISTAN

3. SARMAST (S-59-1):  This cultivar was also evolved in ARI, Tandojam (Sindh). It was released in 1975 particularly for the Khairpur and Sukkar districts of Sindh. Its yield and other qualities are similar to that o Qallandri. 4. NIAB-86 : It was developed at the Nuclear Institute for Agriculture …

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Sorghum: a valuable forage crop

By: Muhammad Amjad Ali Livestock is an important component of Pakistan’s population since 30-35 million rural people are involved in livestock raising. Livestock production is an integral and indispensable part of farming system in Pakistan and production of feed and fodder for the livestock is of utmost importance for the …

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Rapid Climate Change Threatens Asia’s Rice Bowl

As Asia’s monsoon season begins, leading climate specialists and agricultural scientists warned that rapid climate change and its potential to intensify droughts and floods could threaten Asia’s rice production and pose a significant threat to millions of people across the region. “Climate change endangers crop and livestock yields and the …

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Wheat Stem Insect Pests and Management Practices

IntroductionThree insects, the wheat stem sawfly, wheat stem maggot, and the Hessian fly, are important pests of wheat in North Dakota. The wheat stem sawfly is native to the hollow stemmed grasses of western North America. The sawfly readily adapted to wheat, especially spring wheat, when it replaced most of …

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