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Breeding and Genetics

Biofuel from Sugarcane?

BIOELECTRICITY AND BIOFUEL PRODUCTION THROUGH SUGARCANE BAGASSE Sugarcane is native to Asia and grown here for over 4000 years. Around 400 B.C, in India different methods were developed to extract sugar from sugarcane. Sugarcane is known as one of “cash crops” of early colonial America. Sugarcane produces large amount of …

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Apomixis and farmers

                                           Apomixis and farmers Farmers, and particularly poor farmers in developing countries, are expected to benefit from apomixis in two ways: saving hybrid seeds and stabilizing their best plants. Commercial farmers are to benefit as clients of a more responsive seed industry. First and most publicized, apomixis would allow farmers …

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What is Apomictic development?

                                           Apomictic development Sexual reproduction in diploid angiosperms is characterized by double fertilization. After meiosis and the production of haploid sperm and egg cells within the anthers and ovules, respectively, two male sperm (released from a single pollen grain) enter the female gametophyte (embryo sac); one fuse with the egg …

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Protein metabolism and its regulation

Protein metabolism and its regulation Proteins are large macromolecules or biomolecules consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid. Protein metabolism is biochemical processes responsible for the production of proteins/amino acids by anabolism and breakdown of proteins/amino acids by catabolism. Generally Protein synthesis (anabolism) is a process in which protein …

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Role of mitochondria in life of Trypanosoma brucei

    Trypanosoma brucei is a species of parasitic protozoan belonging to the genus Trypanosoma. It causes African trypanosomiasis, known also as sleeping sickness in humans and nagana in other animals. T. brucei has traditionally been grouped into three subspecies: T. b. brucei, T. b. gambiense and T. b. rhodesiense. The latter two are typically parasites of humans, while the first is that …

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Plant regeneration Techniques

Seed culture: In tissue culture we can increase the efficiency of germination of seeds that are very difficult to germinate in vivo. Different plant growth regulators are used for premature germination of seeds in tissue culture. In tissue culture we can provide the environment to seeds that are optimum for …

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Do you know about transgenic plants?

WHAT ARE TRANSGENIC PLANTS? THEIR APPLICATIONS, RISKS, CONCERNS AND REGULATIONS:- As the population of the world is increasing day by day and there is a need to use the modern biological techniques to increase the food production to feed the increasing population, the use of these biological techniques leads to …

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Tissue Culture for healthy Garlic

Introduction: Tissue culture: Tissue culture is growth of tissues or cells separated from organisms. It is done to produce clone of mother plants by facilitating with all required nutrients within culturing media, which could be either liquid, semi-solid or solid. The part of healthy and disease free plant which is …

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Plant Regeneration via Somatic Embryogenesis

Introduction: In this age of time, medicinal herbs are cycled in current therapeutics with leading success in fundamental health care. Some of medicinal plants do not produce usable seeds. In Orchids, very small seed size and the guild with mycorrhizal fungi is crucially demanded for germination of viable seed. Traditional …

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Synthetic Seeds

Introduction:Synthetic seed science is the most compelling utilization of plant tissue culture, have huge future for large scale production of different plants at low cost rate as a back up to natural seeds. A synthetic seed is mostly defined as artificially encapsulated somatic embryos, cell aggregate or any tissue that …

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