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Pak Agri Outlook

Managing Pseudo-Primary Succession (a.k.a. “planting an empty field”)

Large scale reforestation in Brazil. We can do the same… just a little smaller. http://www.sutmundo.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/09/re-forestation.jpg     I have been writing a lot lately about succession and its phases/stages and how we can use this knowledge to create more diverse and resilient ecosystems and Forest Gardens. If you remember, Primary Succession is the creation …

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Succession in Permaculture

Martin Crawford, the UK’s premier Forest Gardener in his own Forest Garden.    I recently wrote about succession in ecosystems. So, how do we apply that knowledge? This is a great place to utilize Permaculture Principle One: Observe and Interact. Now that we have a better understanding of succession, we can answer an …

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Succession

Forest Garden Succession In ecology, as well as in Permaculture, there is a concept known as succession. This is the idea that an ecosystem will transition through stages of growth and maturation. To look at it simply, an empty field will first grow weeds and grasses then shrubs and small fast growing …

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Permaculture Design: Frameworks

Permaculture Design: Frameworks The design process in Permaculture can sometimes feel overwhelming. There are so many things to consider. How do we, as Permaculture Designers, keep everything straight? How do we make sure we don’t forget an element or fail to consider something important? While not all-inclusive by any means, one …

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The Importance of Edge

Love this photo of the Wood’s Edge.   The classic ecological definition of Edge is the juxtaposition of contrasting environments.  The Edge Effect is the the impact the edge has on the ecology of these two environments and the edge environment itself.  As Edge Effect increases, biodiversity increases.What does all this mean?  Basically, it …

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Preparation of Fruit Syrup

Sharbat or Syrup: This is a clear sugar syrup which has been artificially flavored. The concentration of sugar is high. Syrups is of two types: 1. Synthetic:   In this type no any fruit juice is present. Only flavour of a particular fruit is added. 2. Natural: In this type, only colour …

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Preparation of Lemon Squash

Fruit Juice Squash: This consists essentially of strained juice containing moderate quantities of fruit pulp to which cane sugar is added for sweetening. The minimum juice content in squash shall be 25% in final products. The most common juice sugar ratio is 1:1.5. The ratio can be increased up to …

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Bees Boost Irish Economy

  Researchers from Trinity College Dublin have shown that bees contribute almost €4 million to the Irish economy each year, simply by improving seed production in crops of oilseed rape. Known for its brilliant yellow flowers, oilseed rape is being grown to an increasing extent in Ireland as farmers respond …

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