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Agri Engineering

Farm Machinery: Wheat–cum–Canola Thresher

Rapeseed and Canola are grown on an area of 0.248 and 0.117 million hectares with a total production of 0.215 and 0.173 million tonnes, respectively. Its harvesting is done manually with sickle and threshing with stick beating or tractor treading. Traditional threshing is labour intensive, time consuming and gives poor …

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Farm Machinery: Groundnut Digger

Traditionally, harvesting of groundnut was done manually as no proper harvesting machinery was available during early eight’s. Manual harvesting is labour intensive, time consuming and boring fatigue for labour especially family labour. Reportedly this was one of the main bottlenecks for increasing acreage and per unit crop production.

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Farm Machinery: Groundnut Stationary Thresher

Groundnut is an important cash crop of rain-fed areas particularly Potohar Region. It is grown on an area of 0.260 million acres with a total production of 0.076 million tonnes. In mid eighty’s, harvesting and threshing was done manually as no proper machinery was available. Traditional harvesting and threshing was …

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Farm Machinery: Reaper-Windrower

The use of high yielding wheat varieties (HYV), fertilizers, irrigation practices and tractors for improved cultural practices brought about a tremendous increase in yield per acre and total production.  This increased production also brought about a need for additional agricultural mechanization. During the harvesting season, there was a shortage of …

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Farm Machinery : Wheat Straw Chopper-cum-Blower

Combine harvesters are gaining popularity in Pakistan for timely harvesting of wheat. These harvesters are concerned with the grains only and leave high stubbles and machine-ejected straw in the field. Due to non-availability of proper technology, farmers generally burn this left over straw to clear their fields for subsequent crop. …

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Farm Machinery: Zero-Till Drill

–Conservation Agriculture (CA) refers to a range of soil management practices that minimize effects on composition, structure and natural biodiversity and reduces erosion and degradation. Such practices include direct drilling or zero-tillage. Land preparation for wheat in rice-wheat rotation is an energy-intensive and time consuming process.  

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Indigenization of Sprinkler Irrigation System

The irrigation water demand is increasing day by day with increase in population. Scarcity of water, its non-availability at right time and its inefficient utilization are amongst the main factors causing low crop-yields. To overcome inefficient water use and to cope with increasing water demands for irrigation, sprinkler irrigation technology …

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Consumptive Use of Water

The Indus Basin irrigated agriculture is backbone of national economy and is the largest single user of water (> 93%) in Pakistan. The level of agricultural production is directly related to the availability and efficient use of water. With increased water demand for domestic and industrial uses, water availability for …

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