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Livestock Industry

Breeding and Genetic Improvement of Major Carps

The biggest handicap in the development of fish farming in the country was availability of fish seed, as the cultureable fishes did not breed under captivity. A breakthrough was made by induced spawning of major carps, using various combinations of hormones particularly Ovaprim and Ovatide. There are three local carps …

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Artificial Feed for Trout Culture

The trout is a cold-water fish found and reared in the NWFP and Northern Areas (Gilgit, Skardu and Chitral) of Pakistan, where two species, Brown trout (Salmo trutta) and Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), though exotic in origin, have established themselves in rivers. Brown trout was introduced from Europe for the …

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Freedom from Rinderpest for Pakistan

  Rinderpest (locally known as Mata) is an acute, highly contagious and fatal viral disease of bovines. For centuries, it remained the most dreaded bovine plague and was the cause of death of countless cattle and buffaloes. The disease is characterized by fever, inappetance, oculo-nasal discharges, excessive salivation, mouth lesions, …

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Crossbreeding Local Sheep with Rambouillet

Sheep are kept primarily for mutton production in the country but wool is an important secondary product. Wool produced in the country is of coarse type and is used for carpet manufacturing. Khutta breed of sheep is indigenous in Swat. It is small sized breed (average adult weight: 26.5 kg) …

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Embryo Transfer in Indigenous Livestock

Multiple ovulation and embryo transfer (MOET) is a technique that can increase the reproduction rate of cows many fold. Normally, a cow can give birth to only one calf in one year. In MOET, the ovaries of a cow (called embryo donor cow that is usually a high-milk-producing one) are …

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Improved Buffalo Semen Freezing

Artificial insemination (AI) is an important tool for genetic up-gradation of cows and buffaloes. Usual method for long term storage of bull semen is to add extenders/preservatives in freshly collected semen and store it in Liquid Nitrogen (at –196°C). This semen can then be stored for indefinite period.

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