A: Commonly it can be differentiated by its leaf character like in tossa jute the leaves are drooping, bigger in size, yellowish green with less serration whereas in white jute the leaves are straight, relatively smaller in size, dark green in colour with deep serration
A: Tossa Jute: JRO-632, JRO-878,JRO-7835, JRO-524, JRO-3690, JRO-66, JRO-8432, JRO-128 White Jute: JRC-321, JRC-212, JRC-7447, Padma, JRC-698
A: Conventional approach is cost-prohibitive consuming more than 30 per cent of the total cultivation cost.
A: Neutral loamy soil rich in organic matter. The soil should have sufficient drainage facility
A: JRC-321 and Padma
A: Economically viable but it depends upon the place of production like less humid tract of agroecosystems
A: It is available from any government registered seed merchants
A: Optimum age for getting better quality fibre is 110 days.
A: Properly retted tossa jute fibre is golden yellow in colour whereas in case of white jute it is white in colour.
A: JRC-321 under white jute and JRO-878 under tossa jute
A: Yes, 1.5 H.P Kerosene engine
A: Two persons are required for operation and this machine can handle 400 to 500 kg whole plants in an hour
A: Its weighing 100 kg
A: In line sowing method plant population can be regulated conveniently, cultural operations become easier and higher yield can be achieved
A: There is no problem in producing jute seeds in conventional jute fibre producing areas except some areas of Assam where rainfall is excessively high (>2000 mm). In case of seed production, farmers however, will have to forgo aman paddy and the cropping system needs to be remodeled including a pre-kharif crop, preferable sesame or green gram
A: Grading of jute seed is necessary to discard the smaller seeds which exhibit poor emergence and subsequent vigour
A: Post-emergence application of Quizalofop ethyl (Trade name: Targa Super) @ 1.5-2.0 ml of formulation at 15-21 days after emergence can control grassy weeds in jute. In line-sown crop use of organic mulch in between rows can also control weeds.
A: Use pre-soaked (4 hours) and duly dried seeds at planting, substitute fertilizers with organic sources to improve the organic matter content, use organic mulches in between rows, adopt minimal tillage and adopt foliar feeding of dilute urea solution
A: For fibre crop optimum sowing time is April and for seed crop the optimum sowing time is May
A: For fibre crop 30 cm between rows and 7.5 cm between plants. A closure spacing of 20 cm improves fibre quality. For seed crop 30 cm between rows and 15 cm between plants for production of more number of pod bearing branches.
A: One legume crop (such as pulses) should be included in the rotation to improve the soil health. In light soil, growing of green manure is advocated prior to sowing of jute.
A: Provision of 30 cm surface drain in fibre crop and in seed crop ridge sowing is helpful.