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AGRICULTURAL PROFILE OF DISTRICT LAYYAH




  • BRIEF HISTORY AND INTRODUCTION:

    The town was founded around 1550 by Kamal Khan, a Mirani Baloach and a descendant of Dera Ghazi Khan . Around 1610, the town was taken from the Mirani  rulers by the Jaskani Baloach,GORMANI BLOOCH, BHUTTA who held it until 1787. Abdun Nabi Sarai was appointed governor by Timur Shah Durrani but three years later it was included in the governorship of Muhammad Khan Sadozai, who transferred his seat of government to Mankera . 

    In 1794, Humayun Shah the rival claimant to the throne of Kabul , was captured near Leiah and brought into the town, where his eyes were put out by order of Zaman Shah. Under the Sikh government, the town once more became the centre of administration for the neighbouring tract, and after the British occupation in 1849, was for a time the headquarters of a Civil Administrative Division. This administrative status of Layyah was short-lived and the British reduced it to the level of Tehsil headquarters – making it a part of Dera Ismail Khan. In 1901, Layyah was transferred to the new District of Mianwali. Later on, it was made part of the Muzzaffargarh district. In 1982, Layyah Tehsil  was upgraded to District headquarters comprising three tehsils: Layyah, Karor Lal Eisan and Chaubara. The municipality was created in 1875. The population, according to the 1901 census was 7,546. Per capita income during the ten years ending 1902-3 averaged Rs. 9,900, and expenditure Rs. 10,10. In 1903-4, the income was Rs. 10,600, chiefly derived from octroi, and the expenditure was Rs. 10,600. The chief industry of Leiah at that time was the manufacture of blankets. The town contained a dispensary and a municipal Anglo-vernacular middle school.

    Source: Wikipedia / GoB officials

    Total Area                        205,344 km2 (79,284 sqmi)

    Population                       91,379,615

    Density                            450/km2 (1,200/ sq mi)

    Number of Districts         36

    AGRICULTURE PROFILE

    DETAILS OF PRIMARY CROPS AND LIVESTOCK

    MAIN  CROPS (2008-09)

     

    Wheat

    Rice

    Fruits

    Vegetables

    Fodder

    In Tonnes

    503800

    9800

    46097.0

    3402

    587100

    Area (He)

    198700

    4800

    5233.0

    536.0

        33300

    Tonne / He

    2.53

    2.04

    8.80

    6.34

    17.63

     

    MAIN  LIVESTOCK (2006) (000 Numbers)

     

    Cattle

    Sheep/Goat

    Buffalo

    Camel

    Number of Heads

    582

    505/571

    301

    7.99

     

    LAND AREA AND LAND USE

    LAND USE

    AREA (Ha)

    % of Total Distt Area

    Total Geographical Area

    1401

    100

    Area Reported

    628

    44.82

    Area Under Forest

    11

    0.78

    Not Available for Cultivation

    45

    3.21

    Culturable Waste

    98

    6.99

    Current Fallow (C.F)

    105

    7.49

    Net Sown (N.S)

    369

    26.33

    Area Sown more than once (A.S.M.T.O)

    145

    10.34

    Net Cultivated Area (C.F + N.S)

    474

    Net Cropped Area (N.S + A.S.M.T.O)

    514

    Source: Irrigation Department

    2.1       CLIMATE

                                                                                                                                                          (In MM/ºC)

    AVERAGE RAINFALL & TEMPERATURES

    MONTHS

     

    J

    F

    M

    A

    M

    J

    J

    A

    S

    O

    N

    D

    Aver.

    Mean

    Rainfall

    9

    15

    9

    11

    33

    37

    118

    44

    30

    14

    9

    16

    28.0

    Max. Temp.

    24

    27

    33

    38

    41

    42

    39

    38

    38

    36

    32

    26

    34.5

    Min. Temp.

    8

    12

    17

    22

    27

    29

    28

    27

    26

    21

    15

    9

    20.08

    2.2       AGRICULTURE STATISTICS

    CROP

    Area (Ha)

    Production (Tonnes)

    Yield T/Ha

    07-08

    08-09

    07-08

    08-09

    07-08

    08-09

    Wheat

    195900

    198700

    426900

    503800

    2.17

    2.53

    Rice

    3200

    4800

    6400

    9800

    2.0

    2.04

    Fodder

    34800

    33300

    617600

    587100

    17.74

    17.63

    Fruits

    5238.0

    5233.0

    46106.0

    46097.0

    8.80

    8.80

    Vegetables

    586.0

    536.0

    3663.0

    3402

    6.25

    6.34

    Source: Agriculture Statistics

    MAJOR GRAINS, FRUITS &VEGETABLES

    S.NO

    CATEGORY

    NAMES

    A.

    GRAINS

    Wheat, rice, maize, millet, barley

    1

    Oil seeds

    Sunflower , sugar beet.Sunhemp, rape seed, linseed

    2.

    Pulses

    Mash , masoor , gram, moong,

    3.

    Fodder

    Barley, maize, Sorghum, Millet, Alfalfa,

    B.

    FRUITS

    Citerus, guava, date palm, mango, jaman,

    C.

    VEGETABLES

    Garlic, onion, radish, potato, carrot, spinach, cauliflower

    D.

    OTHER

    Jantar, guara, ornamenta trees.

    Source: Agriculture Statistics

    2.2.1       VEGETABLES

    Vegetable

    Area (Hectare)

    Production (Tonnes)

    07-08

    08-09

    07-08

    08-09

    Chilli

    113.0

    97.0

    172.0

    143.0

    Coriander

    4.0

    3.0

    7.0

    4.0

    Garlic

    61.0

    63.0

    448.0

    475.0

    Ginger

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Onion

    344.0

    324.0

    2258.0

    2162.0

    Sugar beet

    14390.0

    13937.0

    Tomato

    12.0

    13.0

    140.0

    150.0

    Potato

    52.0

    36.0

    646.0

    468.0

    Source: Agriculture Statistics

    2.2.2    FRUITS

    Vegetable

    Area (Hectare)

    Production (Tonnes)

    07-08

    08-09

    07-08

    08-09

    Apple

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Apricot

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Banana

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Citrus

    4477.0

    4473.0

    39837.0

    39799.0

    Dates

    457.0

    457.0

    3205.0

    3205.0

    Grapes

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Guava

    144.0

    145.0

    1162.0

    1273.0

    Mango

    160.0

    158.0

    1902.0

    1820.0

    Plums

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Pomegranate

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Peach

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Pear

    0

    0

    0

    0

     2.3       IRRIGATIONS SCHEMS AND THEIR OUTPUTS

    Irrigation Scheme

    Irrigated Area (Ha)

    Non Irrigated Area

    Total area sown

    09-10

    09-10

    514

    Canal

    31

    102

    Wells

    11

     

    Tube Wells

    126

     

    Canal wells

    6

     

    Canal tube wells

    238

     

    Total

    412

    102

     Source: Irrigation Department             

    2.4                                                  LIVESTOCK

                                                                  (Numbers)

    Livestock

    2006

    Census

    Mules

    4207

    Horses

    8599

    Donkeys

    71364

    Camels

    112

    Bullocks

    40069

    Male buffalos

    1640

    Female buffalos

    1427

    Cows

    458

    Total

    127876

    Source: Department of Agriculture & Livestock

    2.5       ANIMAL SLAUGHTERED (00 Numbers)

    Livestock

    2009-10

    Cattle / Cows

    412

    Sheep

    574

    Goat

    636

    Buffalo

    316

    Total

    1938

    Source: Department of Agriculture & Livestock 

    2.6 VETERINARY INSTITUTION

    Veterinary Institution

    2009-10

    Hospitals

    38

    Dispensaries

    49

    A.I. Centre

    118

     A.I. Centre stands for Artificial Insemination Centre

    D.I.L. Unit Stands for Disease Investigation Laboratory Units

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