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AGRICULTURAL PROFILE OF DISTRICT LAYYAH




BRIEF HISTORY AND INTRODUCTION:

The town was founded around 1550 by Kamal Khan, a Mirani Baloach and a descendant of Dera Ghazi Khan . Around 1610, the town was taken from the Mirani  rulers by the Jaskani Baloach,GORMANI BLOOCH, BHUTTA who held it until 1787. Abdun Nabi Sarai was appointed governor by Timur Shah Durrani but three years later it was included in the governorship of Muhammad Khan Sadozai, who transferred his seat of government to Mankera . 

In 1794, Humayun Shah the rival claimant to the throne of Kabul , was captured near Leiah and brought into the town, where his eyes were put out by order of Zaman Shah. Under the Sikh government, the town once more became the centre of administration for the neighbouring tract, and after the British occupation in 1849, was for a time the headquarters of a Civil Administrative Division. This administrative status of Layyah was short-lived and the British reduced it to the level of Tehsil headquarters – making it a part of Dera Ismail Khan. In 1901, Layyah was transferred to the new District of Mianwali. Later on, it was made part of the Muzzaffargarh district. In 1982, Layyah Tehsil  was upgraded to District headquarters comprising three tehsils: Layyah, Karor Lal Eisan and Chaubara. The municipality was created in 1875. The population, according to the 1901 census was 7,546. Per capita income during the ten years ending 1902-3 averaged Rs. 9,900, and expenditure Rs. 10,10. In 1903-4, the income was Rs. 10,600, chiefly derived from octroi, and the expenditure was Rs. 10,600. The chief industry of Leiah at that time was the manufacture of blankets. The town contained a dispensary and a municipal Anglo-vernacular middle school.

Source: Wikipedia / GoB officials

Total Area                        205,344 km2 (79,284 sqmi)

Population                       91,379,615

Density                            450/km2 (1,200/ sq mi)

Number of Districts         36

AGRICULTURE PROFILE

DETAILS OF PRIMARY CROPS AND LIVESTOCK

MAIN  CROPS (2008-09)

 

Wheat

Rice

Fruits

Vegetables

Fodder

In Tonnes

503800

9800

46097.0

3402

587100

Area (He)

198700

4800

5233.0

536.0

    33300

Tonne / He

2.53

2.04

8.80

6.34

17.63

 

MAIN  LIVESTOCK (2006) (000 Numbers)

 

Cattle

Sheep/Goat

Buffalo

Camel

Number of Heads

582

505/571

301

7.99

 

LAND AREA AND LAND USE

LAND USE

AREA (Ha)

% of Total Distt Area

Total Geographical Area

1401

100

Area Reported

628

44.82

Area Under Forest

11

0.78

Not Available for Cultivation

45

3.21

Culturable Waste

98

6.99

Current Fallow (C.F)

105

7.49

Net Sown (N.S)

369

26.33

Area Sown more than once (A.S.M.T.O)

145

10.34

Net Cultivated Area (C.F + N.S)

474

Net Cropped Area (N.S + A.S.M.T.O)

514

Source: Irrigation Department

2.1       CLIMATE

                                                                                                                                                      (In MM/ºC)

AVERAGE RAINFALL & TEMPERATURES

MONTHS

 

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Aver.

Mean

Rainfall

9

15

9

11

33

37

118

44

30

14

9

16

28.0

Max. Temp.

24

27

33

38

41

42

39

38

38

36

32

26

34.5

Min. Temp.

8

12

17

22

27

29

28

27

26

21

15

9

20.08

2.2       AGRICULTURE STATISTICS

CROP

Area (Ha)

Production (Tonnes)

Yield T/Ha

07-08

08-09

07-08

08-09

07-08

08-09

Wheat

195900

198700

426900

503800

2.17

2.53

Rice

3200

4800

6400

9800

2.0

2.04

Fodder

34800

33300

617600

587100

17.74

17.63

Fruits

5238.0

5233.0

46106.0

46097.0

8.80

8.80

Vegetables

586.0

536.0

3663.0

3402

6.25

6.34

Source: Agriculture Statistics

MAJOR GRAINS, FRUITS &VEGETABLES

S.NO

CATEGORY

NAMES

A.

GRAINS

Wheat, rice, maize, millet, barley

1

Oil seeds

Sunflower , sugar beet.Sunhemp, rape seed, linseed

2.

Pulses

Mash , masoor , gram, moong,

3.

Fodder

Barley, maize, Sorghum, Millet, Alfalfa,

B.

FRUITS

Citerus, guava, date palm, mango, jaman,

C.

VEGETABLES

Garlic, onion, radish, potato, carrot, spinach, cauliflower

D.

OTHER

Jantar, guara, ornamenta trees.

Source: Agriculture Statistics

2.2.1       VEGETABLES

Vegetable

Area (Hectare)

Production (Tonnes)

07-08

08-09

07-08

08-09

Chilli

113.0

97.0

172.0

143.0

Coriander

4.0

3.0

7.0

4.0

Garlic

61.0

63.0

448.0

475.0

Ginger

0

0

0

0

Onion

344.0

324.0

2258.0

2162.0

Sugar beet

14390.0

13937.0

Tomato

12.0

13.0

140.0

150.0

Potato

52.0

36.0

646.0

468.0

Source: Agriculture Statistics

2.2.2    FRUITS

Vegetable

Area (Hectare)

Production (Tonnes)

07-08

08-09

07-08

08-09

Apple

0

0

0

0

Apricot

0

0

0

0

Banana

0

0

0

0

Citrus

4477.0

4473.0

39837.0

39799.0

Dates

457.0

457.0

3205.0

3205.0

Grapes

0

0

0

0

Guava

144.0

145.0

1162.0

1273.0

Mango

160.0

158.0

1902.0

1820.0

Plums

0

0

0

0

Pomegranate

0

0

0

0

Peach

0

0

0

0

Pear

0

0

0

0

 2.3       IRRIGATIONS SCHEMS AND THEIR OUTPUTS

Irrigation Scheme

Irrigated Area (Ha)

Non Irrigated Area

Total area sown

09-10

09-10

514

Canal

31

102

Wells

11

 

Tube Wells

126

 

Canal wells

6

 

Canal tube wells

238

 

Total

412

102

 Source: Irrigation Department             

2.4                                                  LIVESTOCK

                                                              (Numbers)

Livestock

2006

Census

Mules

4207

Horses

8599

Donkeys

71364

Camels

112

Bullocks

40069

Male buffalos

1640

Female buffalos

1427

Cows

458

Total

127876

Source: Department of Agriculture & Livestock

2.5       ANIMAL SLAUGHTERED (00 Numbers)

Livestock

2009-10

Cattle / Cows

412

Sheep

574

Goat

636

Buffalo

316

Total

1938

Source: Department of Agriculture & Livestock 

2.6 VETERINARY INSTITUTION

Veterinary Institution

2009-10

Hospitals

38

Dispensaries

49

A.I. Centre

118

 A.I. Centre stands for Artificial Insemination Centre

D.I.L. Unit Stands for Disease Investigation Laboratory Units

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Bilal Mustafa

Assalam o Alikum…
please inform me the agricultural complete information of only distt layyah and how to improve its.
Any report have you to send me.