BRIEF HISTORY AND INTRODUCTION:

In 1870s the colonial era Punjab government decided to increase the cultivated land by making barrages and canals to meet the demand at European markets. This led to the canal based irrigation of the areas now comprising the district of Faisalabad and Toba Tek Singh. In 1880, a colonial officer, Captain Poham Young, with the support of Sir James Broadwood Lyall founded the new Town it was named Lyallpur after his Surname. proposed a new town. The design was based on the Union Jack, with eight roads radiating from a large clock tower in the center.

It was called the Chenab Bar after renamed as Lyallpur District, a large number of Sikhs from Eastern Punjab from Ludhiana District, Jalandhar District and Ambala District migrated to this new region where they established new Villages naming them after their own Villages which they left. The Majority of the villages were named a Chak. Muslims in Masses settled in this new colony.

In 1903 it was decided to establish an agricultural college. In 1904 the new district of Lyallpur was constituted, composed of the tehsils of Lyallpur, Samundri and Toba Tek Singh, with a subtehsil at Jaranwala which later became a full tehsil. By 1906, the district headquarters began to function in Lyallpur and all the bazaars and settlements within the bounds of a ring road were nearing completion. The city began to spread outside the circular road. The Town Committee was upgraded to a Municipal Committee in 1909 and the Deputy Commissioner was appointed as its first chairman. In 1916, the grain market saw its shops surging with customers. In the same year the civil hospital was expanded. With the advent of World War II, there was an increase in political awareness across the city. Revolutionary meetings were held, fiery speeches made, and slogans written on walls.

The First Colonisation officer Raja Aurangzeb Khan made sure that no individual in this district owned more than 25 squares (625 acres (2.53 km2)) of land. The merit or method of allotting the land was to check each individual’s hand who was applying for some land, and if the hands showed that individual had worked hard in the past, only then was land given to him, which has led to a district where there aren’t any big land owners, as the land has been equally distributed amongst hard working men and it is their hard work that has led to Faisalabad becoming the third richest district in Pakistan.

In 1977, the name of the city and the District was changed to “Faisalabad” (City of Faisal), in honour of the late King Faisal of Saudi Arabia, who was held in high regard in Pakistan. In 1985, the district was upgraded to a division with the new districts of Faisalabad, Jhang and Toba Tek Singh.

In 1943, Mohammad Ali Jinnah visited the District and the City where he addressed a gathering of over 2 million in Dhobi Ghat Grounds.

During the partition of 1947 A.D. the entire Sikh population also Hindus left for Eastern Punjab (India). There are some Sikhs living in the City of Faisalabad also in district, with Sunni Muslims, Shia Muslims and Ahmadiya sect.

The Main Muslim Jat Tribe Clans are Bajwa, Kahlon, Cheema, Waraich, Randhawa, Chatha, Kharal, Naul, Sipra etc. with other muslim tribes and castes in this district.

Source: Wikipedia / GoB officials

Total Area                        205,344 km2 (79,284 sqmi)

Population                       91,379,615

Density                            450/km2 (1,200/ sq mi)

Number of Districts         36

 

Map of Faisalabad 

AGRICULTURE PROFILE

 

DETAILS OF PRIMARY CROPS AND LIVESTOCK

 

MAIN  CROPS (2008-09)

 

Wheat

Rice

Fruits

Vegetables

Fodder

In Tonnes

846000

61800

76518.0

19599.0

 3499300

Area (He)

289300

38900

8795.0

2209.0

170300

Tonne / He

2.92

1.5

8.7

8.87

20.54

 

MAIN  LIVESTOCK (2006) (000 Numbers)

 

Cattle

Sheep/Goat

Buffalo

Camel

Number of Heads

461

55/905

1148

0.112

 

LAND AREA AND LAND USE

(Thousand Hectares)

LAND USE

AREA (Ha)

% of Total Distt Area

Total Geographical Area

1363

100

Area Reported

584

42.84

Area Under Forest

1

0.07

Not Available for Cultivation

65

4.76

Culturable Waste

3

0.22

Current Fallow (C.F)

1

0.07

Net Sown (N.S)

514

37.71

Area Sown more than once (A.S.M.T.O)

195

14.30

Net Cultivated Area (C.F + N.S)

515

Net Cropped Area (N.S + A.S.M.T.O)

709

Source: Irrigation Department


 

2.1            CLIMATE

                                                                                                                                                      (In MM/ºC)

AVERAGE RAINFALL & TEMPERATURES

MONTHS

 

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Aver.

Mean

Rainfall

15

35

24

13

17

18

138

87

43

9

11

9

34.9

Max. Temp.

19

22

27

33

39

39

35

35

34

32

27

21

30.2

Min. Temp.

7

11

16

20

25

28

27

27

25

20

14

8

19.0

2.2       AGRICULTURE STATISTICS

 

CROP

Area (Ha)

Production (Tonnes)

Yield T/Ha

07-08

08-09

07-08

08-09

07-08

08-09

Wheat

265900

289300

697400

846000

2.62

2.92

Rice

26700

38900

42800

61800

1.60

1.5

Fodder

175100

170300

3614500

3499300

20.64

20.54

Fruits

8800.0

8795.0

84270.0

76518.0

9.57

8.70

Vegetables

2088.0

2209.0

15150.0

19599.0

7.25

8.87

Source: Agriculture Statistics

 

 

MAJOR GRAINS, FRUITS &VEGETABLES

 

S.NO

CATEGORY

NAMES

A.

GRAINS

Wheat, rice, maize, millet, barley

1

Oil seeds

Sunflower , sugar beet.Sunhemp, rape seed, linseed

2.

Pulses

Mash , masoor , gram, moong,

3.

Fodder

Barley, maize, Sorghum, Millet, Alfalfa,

B.

FRUITS

Citerus, guava, date palm, mango, jaman,

C.

VEGETABLES

Garlic, onion, radish, potato, carrot, spinach, cauliflower

D.

OTHER

Jantar, guara, ornamenta trees.

Source: Agriculture Statistics


 

2.2.1    VEGETABLES

 

Vegetable

Area (Hectare)

Production (Tonnes)

07-08

08-09

07-08

08-09

Chilli

93.0

88.0

167.0

155.0

Coriander

97.0

92.0

58.0

56.0

Garlic

198.0

196.0

1609.0

1557.0

Ginger

0

0

0

0

Onion

765.0

773.0

2765.0

3192.0

Sugar beet

0

0

0

0

Tomato

161.0

160.0

2109.0

2069.0

Potato

774.0

900.0

8442.0

12570.0

Source: Agriculture Statistics

 

2.2.2    FRUITS

 

Vegetable

Area (Hectare)

Production (Tonnes)

07-08

08-09

07-08

08-09

Apple

0

0

0

0

Apricot

0

0

0

0

Banana

5.0

5.0

27.0

27.0

Citrus

3837.0

3836.0

35463.0

27576.0

Dates

9.0

8.0

55.0

56.0

Grapes

0

0

0

0

Guava

4161.0

4158.0

40891.0

40882.0

Mango

782.0

782.0

7788.0

7936.0

Plums

0

0

0

0

Pomegranate

0

0

0

0

Peach

5.0

5.0

36.0

31.0

Pear

1.0

1.0

10.0

10.0

Source: Agriculture Statistics 

2.3       IRRIGATIONS SCHEMS AND THEIR OUTPUTS

(Thousand hectare)

Irrigation Scheme

Irrigated Area (Ha)

Non Irrigated Area

Total area sown

09-10

09-10

703

Canal

459

1

Wells

1

 

Tube Wells

33

 

Canal wells

4

 

Canal tube wells

205

 

Total

702

1

Source: Irrigation Department

2.4       LIVESTOCK                                                              (Numbers)

Livestock

2006

Census

Mules

4207

Horses

8599

Donkeys

71364

Camels

112

Bullocks

40069

Male buffalos

1640

Female buffalos

1427

Cows

458

Total

127876


Source: Department of Agriculture & Livestock
 

2.5 ANIMAL SLAUGHTERED

(100 number)

Livestock

2009-10

Cattle / Cows

3237

Sheep

4942

Goat

8701

Other

4

Buffalo

2971

Total

19855

Source: Department of Agriculture & Livestock

2.6 VETERINARY INSTITUTION

Veterinary Institution

2009-10

Hospitals

38

Dispensaries

49

A.I. Centre

118

A.I. Centre stands for Artificial Insemination Centre

D.I.L. Unit Stands for Disease Investigation Laboratory Units

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