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Agricultural Profile of District Faisalabad




  • BRIEF HISTORY AND INTRODUCTION:

    In 1870s the colonial era Punjab government decided to increase the cultivated land by making barrages and canals to meet the demand at European markets. This led to the canal based irrigation of the areas now comprising the district of Faisalabad and Toba Tek Singh. In 1880, a colonial officer, Captain Poham Young, with the support of Sir James Broadwood Lyall founded the new Town it was named Lyallpur after his Surname. proposed a new town. The design was based on the Union Jack, with eight roads radiating from a large clock tower in the center.

    It was called the Chenab Bar after renamed as Lyallpur District, a large number of Sikhs from Eastern Punjab from Ludhiana District, Jalandhar District and Ambala District migrated to this new region where they established new Villages naming them after their own Villages which they left. The Majority of the villages were named a Chak. Muslims in Masses settled in this new colony.

    In 1903 it was decided to establish an agricultural college. In 1904 the new district of Lyallpur was constituted, composed of the tehsils of Lyallpur, Samundri and Toba Tek Singh, with a subtehsil at Jaranwala which later became a full tehsil. By 1906, the district headquarters began to function in Lyallpur and all the bazaars and settlements within the bounds of a ring road were nearing completion. The city began to spread outside the circular road. The Town Committee was upgraded to a Municipal Committee in 1909 and the Deputy Commissioner was appointed as its first chairman. In 1916, the grain market saw its shops surging with customers. In the same year the civil hospital was expanded. With the advent of World War II, there was an increase in political awareness across the city. Revolutionary meetings were held, fiery speeches made, and slogans written on walls.

    The First Colonisation officer Raja Aurangzeb Khan made sure that no individual in this district owned more than 25 squares (625 acres (2.53 km2)) of land. The merit or method of allotting the land was to check each individual’s hand who was applying for some land, and if the hands showed that individual had worked hard in the past, only then was land given to him, which has led to a district where there aren’t any big land owners, as the land has been equally distributed amongst hard working men and it is their hard work that has led to Faisalabad becoming the third richest district in Pakistan.

    In 1977, the name of the city and the District was changed to “Faisalabad” (City of Faisal), in honour of the late King Faisal of Saudi Arabia, who was held in high regard in Pakistan. In 1985, the district was upgraded to a division with the new districts of Faisalabad, Jhang and Toba Tek Singh.

    In 1943, Mohammad Ali Jinnah visited the District and the City where he addressed a gathering of over 2 million in Dhobi Ghat Grounds.

    During the partition of 1947 A.D. the entire Sikh population also Hindus left for Eastern Punjab (India). There are some Sikhs living in the City of Faisalabad also in district, with Sunni Muslims, Shia Muslims and Ahmadiya sect.

    The Main Muslim Jat Tribe Clans are Bajwa, Kahlon, Cheema, Waraich, Randhawa, Chatha, Kharal, Naul, Sipra etc. with other muslim tribes and castes in this district.

    Source: Wikipedia / GoB officials

    Total Area                        205,344 km2 (79,284 sqmi)

    Population                       91,379,615

    Density                            450/km2 (1,200/ sq mi)

    Number of Districts         36

     

    Map of Faisalabad 

    AGRICULTURE PROFILE

     

    DETAILS OF PRIMARY CROPS AND LIVESTOCK

     

    MAIN  CROPS (2008-09)

     

    Wheat

    Rice

    Fruits

    Vegetables

    Fodder

    In Tonnes

    846000

    61800

    76518.0

    19599.0

     3499300

    Area (He)

    289300

    38900

    8795.0

    2209.0

    170300

    Tonne / He

    2.92

    1.5

    8.7

    8.87

    20.54

     

    MAIN  LIVESTOCK (2006) (000 Numbers)

     

    Cattle

    Sheep/Goat

    Buffalo

    Camel

    Number of Heads

    461

    55/905

    1148

    0.112

     

    LAND AREA AND LAND USE

    (Thousand Hectares)

    LAND USE

    AREA (Ha)

    % of Total Distt Area

    Total Geographical Area

    1363

    100

    Area Reported

    584

    42.84

    Area Under Forest

    1

    0.07

    Not Available for Cultivation

    65

    4.76

    Culturable Waste

    3

    0.22

    Current Fallow (C.F)

    1

    0.07

    Net Sown (N.S)

    514

    37.71

    Area Sown more than once (A.S.M.T.O)

    195

    14.30

    Net Cultivated Area (C.F + N.S)

    515

    Net Cropped Area (N.S + A.S.M.T.O)

    709

    Source: Irrigation Department


     

    2.1            CLIMATE

                                                                                                                                                          (In MM/ºC)

    AVERAGE RAINFALL & TEMPERATURES

    MONTHS

     

    J

    F

    M

    A

    M

    J

    J

    A

    S

    O

    N

    D

    Aver.

    Mean

    Rainfall

    15

    35

    24

    13

    17

    18

    138

    87

    43

    9

    11

    9

    34.9

    Max. Temp.

    19

    22

    27

    33

    39

    39

    35

    35

    34

    32

    27

    21

    30.2

    Min. Temp.

    7

    11

    16

    20

    25

    28

    27

    27

    25

    20

    14

    8

    19.0

    2.2       AGRICULTURE STATISTICS

     

    CROP

    Area (Ha)

    Production (Tonnes)

    Yield T/Ha

    07-08

    08-09

    07-08

    08-09

    07-08

    08-09

    Wheat

    265900

    289300

    697400

    846000

    2.62

    2.92

    Rice

    26700

    38900

    42800

    61800

    1.60

    1.5

    Fodder

    175100

    170300

    3614500

    3499300

    20.64

    20.54

    Fruits

    8800.0

    8795.0

    84270.0

    76518.0

    9.57

    8.70

    Vegetables

    2088.0

    2209.0

    15150.0

    19599.0

    7.25

    8.87

    Source: Agriculture Statistics

     

     

    MAJOR GRAINS, FRUITS &VEGETABLES

     

    S.NO

    CATEGORY

    NAMES

    A.

    GRAINS

    Wheat, rice, maize, millet, barley

    1

    Oil seeds

    Sunflower , sugar beet.Sunhemp, rape seed, linseed

    2.

    Pulses

    Mash , masoor , gram, moong,

    3.

    Fodder

    Barley, maize, Sorghum, Millet, Alfalfa,

    B.

    FRUITS

    Citerus, guava, date palm, mango, jaman,

    C.

    VEGETABLES

    Garlic, onion, radish, potato, carrot, spinach, cauliflower

    D.

    OTHER

    Jantar, guara, ornamenta trees.

    Source: Agriculture Statistics


     

    2.2.1    VEGETABLES

     

    Vegetable

    Area (Hectare)

    Production (Tonnes)

    07-08

    08-09

    07-08

    08-09

    Chilli

    93.0

    88.0

    167.0

    155.0

    Coriander

    97.0

    92.0

    58.0

    56.0

    Garlic

    198.0

    196.0

    1609.0

    1557.0

    Ginger

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Onion

    765.0

    773.0

    2765.0

    3192.0

    Sugar beet

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Tomato

    161.0

    160.0

    2109.0

    2069.0

    Potato

    774.0

    900.0

    8442.0

    12570.0

    Source: Agriculture Statistics

     

    2.2.2    FRUITS

     

    Vegetable

    Area (Hectare)

    Production (Tonnes)

    07-08

    08-09

    07-08

    08-09

    Apple

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Apricot

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Banana

    5.0

    5.0

    27.0

    27.0

    Citrus

    3837.0

    3836.0

    35463.0

    27576.0

    Dates

    9.0

    8.0

    55.0

    56.0

    Grapes

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Guava

    4161.0

    4158.0

    40891.0

    40882.0

    Mango

    782.0

    782.0

    7788.0

    7936.0

    Plums

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Pomegranate

    0

    0

    0

    0

    Peach

    5.0

    5.0

    36.0

    31.0

    Pear

    1.0

    1.0

    10.0

    10.0

    Source: Agriculture Statistics 

    2.3       IRRIGATIONS SCHEMS AND THEIR OUTPUTS

    (Thousand hectare)

    Irrigation Scheme

    Irrigated Area (Ha)

    Non Irrigated Area

    Total area sown

    09-10

    09-10

    703

    Canal

    459

    1

    Wells

    1

     

    Tube Wells

    33

     

    Canal wells

    4

     

    Canal tube wells

    205

     

    Total

    702

    1

    Source: Irrigation Department

    2.4       LIVESTOCK                                                              (Numbers)

    Livestock

    2006

    Census

    Mules

    4207

    Horses

    8599

    Donkeys

    71364

    Camels

    112

    Bullocks

    40069

    Male buffalos

    1640

    Female buffalos

    1427

    Cows

    458

    Total

    127876


    Source: Department of Agriculture & Livestock
     

    2.5 ANIMAL SLAUGHTERED

    (100 number)

    Livestock

    2009-10

    Cattle / Cows

    3237

    Sheep

    4942

    Goat

    8701

    Other

    4

    Buffalo

    2971

    Total

    19855

    Source: Department of Agriculture & Livestock

    2.6 VETERINARY INSTITUTION

    Veterinary Institution

    2009-10

    Hospitals

    38

    Dispensaries

    49

    A.I. Centre

    118

    A.I. Centre stands for Artificial Insemination Centre

    D.I.L. Unit Stands for Disease Investigation Laboratory Units

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