What are the major diseases of livestock and poultry?


Cattle/ Buffalo

1. Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)
2. Hemorrhagic Septicemia (Ghal Ghooto)
3. Black Quarter
4. Parasitism (Internal Parasites: Round worms, Tape worms and Liverflukes)
5. Tick Borne Diseases: ( Babesiosis, Theleriosis)
6. Mastitis
7. Post parturient haemoglobinurea
8. Reproductive ailments of cattle

Sheep/ Goat

1. Peste Des Petits Ruminants (PPR)
2. Enterotoxaemia
3. Contagious Caprine Pleuro Pneumonia (CCPP)
4. Parasitism (Internal and External Parasites)
5. Sheep/goat pox


1. Newcastle Disease (Rani Khet)
2. Hydropericardium syndrome (Angara Disease)
3. Infectious Bursal Disease (Gumboro)
4. Avian Influneza
5. Coccidiosis

What are the major diagnostic tools available in the country for animal diseases diagnosis?


1. Haemagglutination Inhibition assay (HAI)
2. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA)
3. Feacal analysis
4. Bacterial culture
5. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
6. Plate Agglutination Assays
7. Pen-side test
8. Virus isolation and typing

What measures PARC has taken to control the livestock and poultry diseases?


1. Developed surveillance system for Avian Influenza
2. Conducted epidemiological surveys of livestock disease of economic importance
3. Development of improved/ new vaccine for the control of emerging diseases of livestock and poultry
4. Development of cost effective diagnostic assays for major livestock and poultry diseases

What types of technologies have been developed by PARC for the control of animal and poultry diseases?

1. Oil based vaccine for Hemorrhagic Septicemia which provides immunity upto one year
2. Vaccine for Hydropericardium syndrome (Angara disease) in Poultry
3. Sero- surveillance network for major poultry diseases

What are the major recommendations for farmers for maintaining healthy livestock and poultry?

1. Developed Bio-security
2. Regular de-worming
3. Timely vaccination
4. Immediate disease reporting

Courtesy Parc.gov.pk

Muhammad Ramzan Rafique
Muhammad Ramzan Rafique

I am from a small town Chichawatni, Sahiwal, Punjab , Pakistan, studied from University of Agriculture Faisalabad, on my mission to explore world I am in Denmark these days..

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