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Animal Health




  • What are the major diseases of livestock and poultry?

    Ans:

    Cattle/ Buffalo

    1. Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)
    2. Hemorrhagic Septicemia (Ghal Ghooto)
    3. Black Quarter
    4. Parasitism (Internal Parasites: Round worms, Tape worms and Liverflukes)
    5. Tick Borne Diseases: ( Babesiosis, Theleriosis)
    6. Mastitis
    7. Post parturient haemoglobinurea
    8. Reproductive ailments of cattle

    Sheep/ Goat

    1. Peste Des Petits Ruminants (PPR)
    2. Enterotoxaemia
    3. Contagious Caprine Pleuro Pneumonia (CCPP)
    4. Parasitism (Internal and External Parasites)
    5. Sheep/goat pox

    Poultry

    1. Newcastle Disease (Rani Khet)
    2. Hydropericardium syndrome (Angara Disease)
    3. Infectious Bursal Disease (Gumboro)
    4. Avian Influneza
    5. Coccidiosis

    What are the major diagnostic tools available in the country for animal diseases diagnosis?

    Ans:

    1. Haemagglutination Inhibition assay (HAI)
    2. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA)
    3. Feacal analysis
    4. Bacterial culture
    5. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)
    6. Plate Agglutination Assays
    7. Pen-side test
    8. Virus isolation and typing

    What measures PARC has taken to control the livestock and poultry diseases?

    Ans:

    1. Developed surveillance system for Avian Influenza
    2. Conducted epidemiological surveys of livestock disease of economic importance
    3. Development of improved/ new vaccine for the control of emerging diseases of livestock and poultry
    4. Development of cost effective diagnostic assays for major livestock and poultry diseases

    What types of technologies have been developed by PARC for the control of animal and poultry diseases?

    Ans:
    1. Oil based vaccine for Hemorrhagic Septicemia which provides immunity upto one year
    2. Vaccine for Hydropericardium syndrome (Angara disease) in Poultry
    3. Sero- surveillance network for major poultry diseases

    What are the major recommendations for farmers for maintaining healthy livestock and poultry?

    Ans:
    1. Developed Bio-security
    2. Regular de-worming
    3. Timely vaccination
    4. Immediate disease reporting

    Courtesy Parc.gov.pk

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