|1||Which soil is fit for the cultivation of maize as fodder?
|Well fertile silty to silty loamy soil is good for fodder cultivation of maize.|
|2||Can we grow the maize crop in Saline soil?||No, we cannot sow maize crop on saline soil because it is sensitive to salinity.|
|3||Can we grow the maize crop on water logged land?||No, such soils are not suitable for maize cultivation.|
|4||Why deep tillage is required for Maize crop?||Because the roots of Maize crop move very deep up to 2 feet. For that reason to develop a good atmosphere for roots deep tillage is required.|
|5||How we prepared the seedbed for the cultivation of maize as fodder?||To get the maximum crop stand we required the 3-4 cultivations with one planker. Keep in mind the soil should be leveled and in proper moist condition.|
Selection of Varieties and sowing time
|1||What are the varieties of maize used as the fodder in different area?||These varieties are used in different areas of Pakistan, Sahiwal 2002, FH810, MMRI Yellow, Ageti 2002 Pearl. In the KPK Sarhed Zard Azam, Pahari Jadal 2003 are used.|
|2||What is the sowing time of maize?||For spring maize the best time of sowing is February- March.
For the autumn maize the sowing time is June- August.
|1||How much seed is required for the fodder maize per acre?||If we go to sow with drill we need 12-15 kg/acre, but for broadcasting need 18-20 kg/acre seed.
|2||What are the methods of sowing, of maize for the fodder?||We use drill sowing, pora method of sowing and broadcasting method for sowing.|
Thinning and irrigation
|1||Is thinning required for the fodder maize?||No, there is no need of thinning in the field of maize use as a fodder, but if the germination is too much then you can thinning practice up to certain limits.|
|2||How much irrigation is required to the maize?||For the fodder we need vegetative portion and vegetative growth for the purposes gave the 6-8 irrigations minimum after every week according to the climatic conditions.|
|1||How we can control the insect pest attack on the fodder maize?||For the control of the insect pest add the granular poison for example Furadon, Cabofuran, Sun Furan or Regeant in the leaflets and gave the irrigation after this.|
|2||There will be the other option for controlling the pest in the maize?||In the Maize you can control the pest by different ways through the mechanical method using a light lamp in the night, and through biological method using the tricogarma sheets.|
|1||When we use the maize as a fodder?||After the pollination, before the Dough stage at the half milking stage is the best time to harvest the maize for the use as a fodder.|
|2||If I want to get both grains and fodder from the maize, then how am I harvest the crop?||When the upper grain layer is hard then you should go for harvesting and use the plants for the fodder purposes and cobs for the grain.|
Authors: Imran Ramzan*, Arslan Shehroz1, Muhamamd Zunair Latif2,
Author * Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture Faisalabad
1&2 Co-author Department of Plant pathology, University of Agriculture Faisalabad
E-mail: [email protected]