Home / Articles / Basics of Agriculture / Production and protection Technology of five major crops of Pakistan

Production and protection Technology of five major crops of Pakistan




 Production and protection Technology of five major crops of Pakistan:

Author names: Dr. Faisal Hafeez, Ayesha Iftikhar, Muhammad Sohaib, Ayesha Arshad.

Ayub Agricultural Research Institute (AARI) Faisalabad.

Introduction:

Wheat, rice, maize, cotton and sugarcane are considered most valuable crops in Pakistan. Wheat is a staple food for people of India and Pakistan. After wheat, rice is considered edible crop. Maize was also important as staple food in most parts of world. But not all maize is consumed as human food, it is also used as corn, animal feed etc. However, in fabric industry cotton is most important crop. For the formation of sugar and ethanol etc, sugarcane is used. The following table summarises all the important points of production and protection technologies of these five crops.

 

Characteristics WheatMaizeSugarcaneCottonRice
Botanical nameTriticum aestivum L.Zea mays L.Sacchaum officinarum.Gossypium hirsutum.Oryza sativa L.
FamilyPoaceaePoaceaePoaceaeMalvaceaePoaceae
OrderPoalesPoalesPoalesMalvalesPoales
Urdu nameGandumMakaiNaishkarKapasChaawl
Punjabi nameKanakJowarKamad/ GannaKapah/ PhuttiMonji
Yield per acre/ ha2.79 t/ha3.67t/ha60-70t/ha638Kg/ha691mounds/acre
Crop typeAnnualAnnualPerennialAnnualAnnual/Perennial
Ranking in the world8th in the world production23th in the world production6th in the world production4th in the world

production

3rd in the world production
Sowing timeOctober- NovemberFebruary-March

July-August

September

February-March

April-MayMay-June
Harvesting timeAprilWhen top becomes brownFeb-March

Nov-Dec

Oct-NovOct-Nov
Row to row distance22.5 to 30 cm60-75cm75-90cm2.5ft22.5cm
Plant to plant distanceContinuous lines22.5cmContinuous setts9 inches22.5cm
Plants per acre/ ha10-12 lac65,000 to 75,000 plants per hectare60000 canes per acre22k-23kAlmost 80k
Seed rate40-50kg/acre12-15kg/acre30k-45k setts per acre5-7kg/acre for Desi

8-12kg/acre for American

1-2 Kg for Non-Basmati (for one Marla)
Soil typeClay LoamLoamHeavy to LoamSandy to heavy loamClayey soil
Description of plantPithy nodes, Hollow internodesTassel

Ear

Cross pollinated crop

Erect, usually 5-6m having nodes and internodes.Tap rooted,

2-5 feet, self-pollinated

Usually height of 1.8m, look like hollow stem
Irrigation3-46-818-225-6(15-16)1100-1400mm
Soil preparation4-6 ploughing and 2 planking1-2 ploughing and 2 planking2 ploughing and planking2 ploughing and plankingUsually 2 ploughing and 1 planking
Fertilizer/acre(NPK)1N:1P60:28:25kg80:40:40kg40:28:2870:40:25kg
VeritiesGalaxy 2013

Inqilab 91

Chakwal 86

Neelam

Sadaf

Akbar

Sultan

SPF-213

SPF-234

HSF-240

HSF-242

CIM 496

CIM 499

NIAB 999

FH 114

Basmati 198, 370, 385, 6129 Super Basmati, Shaheen

 

Important pestsAphidsShoot Fly

Borers

BorersAmerican, Pink, Spotted BollwormsStem Borers
Protection from pestWater spray

Bio-control agent (Beetles)

Cartap and chlorpyrifos sprayFipronil and Imidacloprid sprayAcetamiprid and Deltamiprid sprayCartap and carbofuran spray
DiseasesSmut and RustEar rot

Root rot

Rusts

Red rotRoot rot of cottonPaddy blast

Brown spot

Bakaine disease

 

About Staff

This post is published by AgriHunt staff member. If you believe it should have your name please contact md@agrihunt.com

Check Also

All-about-Soil-pH-its-importance-need-how-to-test-itand-how-to-balance-it-by-saad-ur-rehman-malik

All about Soil pH; its importance, need, how to test it and how to balance it

Report Issue: * Suggest Edit Copyright Infringment Claim Article Invalid Contents Broken Links Your Name: …

Leave a Reply

avatar
  Subscribe  
Notify of