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Major Crops

Sesame Production Practices In Pakistan

Sesame or “til” is the most ancient crop cultivated for its oil in the sub-continent. Its seeds contain between 50 and 58 % of very good semi-drying oil, mostly with oleic and linoleic triglycerides. Its oil is stable and does not rancid even after long exposure to air. Sesame oil …

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Rapeseed Mustard Production in Pakistan

In Pakistan after cotton, rapeseed-mustard is the second most important source of oil in Pakistan. It is cultivated over an area of 307,000 hectares with annual production of 233,000 tonnes and contribute about 17% to the domestic production of edible oil.

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Castor

Castor (Ricinus communis L.) is an important industrial oil crop of the world. Internationally, castor oil is used in more than 300 derivatives for use in soap, cosmetics, pharmaceutical, paints and varnishes /lubricant in high-speed jet engines. Pakistan also spends millions of rupees on the import of castor oil annually …

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Safflower

Safflower is xerophytic in nature and is bestowed with unique features of salt and drought tolerance. In Pakistan, it is grown only in Sindh and Baluchistan. In 2008-09, its national average yield was 890 kg/ha. Safflower seed contains 25-37% oil. Its oil is of drying type with iodine number upto …

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FODDER CROPS

BERSEEM: Berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum) is an annual leguminous fodder crop. It is one of the most suitablefodder crop for areas below 1700 m altitude with irrigation facilities. It remains soft and succulent at all stages ofgrowth. It can be grown without irrigation in areas with high water table and under …

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Pulse

Pulses are the most important source of vegetable protein in Pakistan. They are cultivated on 5% of the total cropped area. Their use ranges from baby food to delicacies of the rich and the poor. Because of the population growth, demand for pulses is increasing day by day. There is …

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