Synonyms: Pasturellosis, shipping fever, ghatsurp
It is an actual infectious disease of cattle, buffalo, sheep and goat. It distances transportation. In India, the disease is enzootic in nature. Etiology environmental conditions, malnutrition and long distance transportation. In India, the disease is enzootic in nature.
Etiology: It is caused by Pasteurella multocida
Ingestion of contaminated feed and water and
High fever (106 – 107°F)
Loss of appetite
Dullness and depression
Rapid pulse & heart rate
Profuse salivation and laciration.
Profuse nasal discharge
Swelling of throat region (submandibular oedema)
Death within 10-72 hours.
History of season, climate & stress factor.
Symptoms -high fever, swelling of throat region.
Postmortem findings – hemorrhages throughout body & submandibular edema.
Examination of blood smears and smears from oedematus fluid.
Isolation of the organism from blood & edematous fluid.
Treatment is effective if given in early stage of disease.
a) Specific treatment:
1. Injection. Sulphadimidine @ 150 mg/Kg body weight IV daily for 3 days
2. Injection Oxytetracycline @ 5-10 mg/Kg body weight IV or IM daily for 3 days.
b) Supportive treatment:
1. Use of antipyretics lo reduces body temperature.
2. Use of antihistaminic e.g. Injection Avil/Cadistin5-10 ml IM.
a) General measures:
Isolation and treatment of the affected animals.
Close animal markets, cattle shows. Etc.
Burning or burial of dead animals.
Proper disposal of contaminated feed and water.
Disinfection of cattle shed.
Avoid long distance transportation and exposure to extreme weather.
Alum precipitated M.S. vaccine@ 5 ml subcut every year before monsoon.